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VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE IN M.P.
Transcript of VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE IN M.P.
Climatic Condition -
Agriculture play important role in village economy .
Livestock and dairy farming often provide a supplementary source of income.
The first type of dwelling unit shown
What is Vernacular architecture ... ???
Vernacular architecture -
Vernacular architecture is a category of architecture based on local needs and construction materials, and reflecting local traditions. It tends to evolve over time to reflect the environmental, cultural, technological, and historical context in which it exists.
VERNACULAR HOUSE in South Africa
Typology of Settlements
The typologies are worked on the basis of size and structure
The art, architecture and tradition of tribal settlements are great indigenous vernacular expression of the diverse culture of India.
over thousands of years - vernacular architecture, responding to local environments.
Madhya Pradesh- its 40 percent area is under forest cover
The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges
Dwelling is located in the village Kalyanpur M.P.
A HOUSE IN SAGAR M.P.
The hilly regions with forest coverage are extremely cool whereas the open lands are comparatively hot.
The minimum temperature goes up to 4'C and a maximum of 28 – 30'C in the hilly areas.
whereas in the plain land, the minimum temperatures ranges 8 – 10'C and has a maximum of 42'C.
The average rain fall in M.P. is around 1370mm.
Mens are harvesting their fields
Bamboo production are other
main source for income.
Women harvesting her wheat
These villages are located on plains
The occupants are mainly associated with agriculture
the average size of village is 1000-1500 houses
SIZE BASED TYPOLOGY
Settlement is comparatively smaller the number of dwellings.
Dwellings goes up to 150 units.
They are linear i.e. a row of houses facing each other along a street .
Once the settlement reaches maximum number of houses a new settlement in the vicinity is set up
The third typology is of the tribes inhabited inthe hilly areas
They lived in clusters of three to four houses .
These clusters are at different levels at certain distances because of undulating land form.
These clusters are not connected by defined pathways as the houses are constructed in the fields itself.
Settlement typology 3
Second type of house
Third type of
Typology of Habitat
This is in from the nucleus village
This is essentially the house of farmer - not the house of tribes.
This house has an enclosure for protection.
The enclosure which is semi open is used as animal yard
covered living space which is sometimes two storied and cooking space with rear courtyard
Linear pattern and follows the hierarchy of semi open.
Covered and semi open spaces.
Bamboo baskets or the mats
Grain storage made up of mud are used for creating partitions in living spaces.
The house is of mud walls with pitched roof with earthen tiles.
The unit appears to be one rectangular block with a sloping roof.
The rectangular plan partition walls are erected to separate living from cooking space.
The walls are directly exposed to sun and very small openings are provided for ventilation.
The animal yard is constructed nearby.
. Front façade of the house.
It has a lot of empty space known as ”bayara”
The roof is mainly made of bamboo hay and “khapraels”.
For proper ventilation slits have been provided in the roofing.
There is a verandah next to the front door which is used as a sitting purpose like baithak .
There is mud flooring in verandah.
There is a way like a corridor to the gaushala and store. It is used very common for animals
We can see the interior of the house, uses of spaces, wiring ,old furniture of the house.
We can see the level of door which is quite above the ground.
In the roofing matrials used- Bamboo, tiles, mud etc.
There is a courtyard in middle of the house.
Empty space in front and back portion.
Location of house from the main road
4 Bed room
1 Drawing room
1 Guest room
3 Extra room
2 Store room
Section through courtyard
We can see the activity and the truss ,tiles which is used in the house.
11636 B.ARCH 4th yr