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The Pardoner's Tale
Transcript of The Pardoner's Tale
-He explains that throughout his many years as pardoner, he has tricked people into buying relics (pardons) that he claims are more valuable than they really are. He says he only preaches for the greedy reason of earning this money
-He also explains that during his sermons he targets one man without mentioning his name, but he makes it clear which person he is referring to thus making that person pay for having wronged him.
- The Pardoner claims that he can tell a moral story even if he isn't moral. Analysis - This tale is worth studying specifically because of the role of the Pardoner. It demonstrates the characteristics of the people during this age really well. It shows how gullible and superstitious they were.
-The tale also has literary worth. It has several allusions to the bible and personification of death and the sins that the Pardoner is preaching about. The Pardoner's Tale Summary - The Pardoner starts off by talking about a group of young companions that had no morals. They partied, gambled, ate and drank more than they should, cursed, and had sex with all different kinds of girls.
-The Pardoner goes on to explain the risks of drinking and how gluttony and drunkenness are sins. Literary Elements in Tale - AABB rhyming scheme
- Alliteration lines 184-185 "Within that devil's temple, wicked wise,
By superfluity both vile and vain."
- Metaphor line 195 "To kindle and blow the fire of lechery"
- Allusion lines 204-205 "Sitting at table idly gave behest To slay John Baptist, who was all guiltless"
- Allusion lines 212-215 "O gluttony; full of all wickedness, O first cause of confusion to us all,
Beginning of damnation and our fall, Till Christ redeemed us with His blood again!"
- Allusion lines 222-225 The while that Adam fasted, as I read, He was in Paradise; but then when he Ate of the fruit forbidden of the tree, Anon he was cast out to woe and pain." Literary Elements in Tale (continued) - Polysyndeton line 232 "Causing that east and west and north and south"
-Asyndeton line 233 "In earth, in air, in water men shall swink"
-Imagery/Anaphora/Alliteration/Symbolism lines 248-249 "O gut! O belly! O you stinking cod, Filled full of dung, with all corruption found!
- Imagery/Alliteration/Anaphora/Asyndeton lines 255-259 "Out of the hard and riven bones knock they
The marrow, for they throw nothing away
That may go through the gullet soft and sweet;
With spicery, with leaf, bark, root, replete
Shall be the sauces made for your delight"
- Personification line 163 " A lecherous thing is wine"
- Allusion lines 268-269 "As if you snored out "Samson, Samson" round;
And yet God knows that Samson drank no wine."
- Analogy/Alliteration line 270 "You fall down just as if you were stuck swine"
- Metonymy line 176 "Now keep you from the white and from the red"
-irony line 424 "Death shall be dead if we find where he went."
- metaphor line 630 "And Jesus Christ, who is our souls' great leech" The Pardoner's Tale Summary (continued) -When they find the treasure beneath the oak tree, they decide that it is too risky to bring the treasure home by day, for they feared they would be seen as thieves.
-They agree to pull straws to see which one of them would go to town and buy bread and wine for them to enjoy until the sun went down so they may carry the gold back in darkness. - The youngest of them draws the straw and goes to town to fetch the food and wine, leaving two of them to ponder beneath the tree. One of them points out that if the gold was split between only two people instead of three, both of them would get a bigger share.
- It is decided that they would stab the youngest to death when he returned with the food and wine.
- While the youngest man was in town, he thought to himself how fine it would be to have all of the gold to himself. So he went into town and bought rat poison to spike the wine in which the two men would drink.
- The poison was so strong that the apothecary explained to him it would kill any living creature who tasted the amount of a grain of wheat. He split the wine into three bottles, laced two with the deadly rat poison, and kept one clean for himself to drink in satisfaction. The Pardoner's Tale Summary (continued) - When the youngest returned, he was slaughtered by the two greedy men. But when the deed was done, they merrily drank the rat-poisoned wine which had been brought.
- Thus, all three of the men lay deceased, and all three of them had found death beneath the old oak tree. The Pardoner's Tale Summary (continued) The Pardoner's Tale Summary (continued) -The Pardoner then begins to explain to his listeners that in order for their souls to be saved, he would pardon them for their greatest treasures and values.
-The host argues with the Pardoner and commands him to be glad and merry instead of swindling them out of their goodies. The host and the Pardoner kiss and they ride along their way happily, and that is the end of the Pardoner's tale. Analysis -setting: Flanders. Belgium
-tone: condescending, preachy lines 609-613 " O cursed sin, full of abominableness! O treacherous homicide! O wickedness!
O gluttony, lechery, and hazardry! O blasphemer of Christ with villainy, And with great oaths, habitual for pride!"
-It is not the most interesting as far as tales go, but it does present a clear, moral lesson. The Pardoner's Tale Summary -The Pardoner continues preaching what is a sin, like drinking, gluttony, sex, gambling and swearing.
-As Pardoner, it's his job to tell others what are sins, and if they have committed any, they must ask for forgiveness
-He tells the others that God will forgive them if they admit to their sins. -Three young men, drinking in a bar, hear that an old friend has been killed by Death.
-The men all agree that Death is a horrible person and they will go slay him.
-They come across a poor, old man who is ill, that has been waiting to die, yet Death hasn't come to get him.
-The men beg of the old man to tell them where they can find death, but the old man is unsure of telling them.
-After accusing the old man of being a 'thief,' the old man tells the men Death can be found under an old oak tree not too far away. The Pardoner's Tale Summary Lesson - Performing vices such as gluttony, drunkenness, gambling, and swearing, and following the trail of death will have deathly consequences. The End Analysis -It focuses on irony. The Pardoner is showing just how greedy and selfish he actually is. After telling the story of how greediness is a sin and punishment is inevitable, he proceeds to try and swindle his listeners out of their gold and treasures.
- He is a hypocrite and admits to it. lines 372-373 "Now for the love of Christ, Who for us died Forgo this swearing oaths, both great and small"
- There seems to be good v. evil taking place within the actual tale. (The old, virtuous man delivers the three friends to death. The old man could be representing God in this situation.) Presented by
Mary Tew, Ciara Hall, and Colleen Miller