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Oxblood glaze

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on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Oxblood glaze

Oxblood glaze
Also known as sang de boeuf, copper red, or chuihong
Copper produces the beautiful blood red colour
Monochrome glaze = only red or shades of red
Flambé glaze = red mixed with turquoise and/or purple
Most often used on porcelain
Oxblood glaze is a reduction glaze, meaning it's fired with no oxygen in the kiln
History
First used in China during the Ming Dynasty (around 1573-1620)
Perfected and popularized during the Qing Dynasty, particularly from 1654-1722, under the reign of Emperor Kangxi
Imitated by the French in the late 1800's, especially in Sèvres, where there was a large porcelain factory
In 1884, Théodore Deck, a French potter, exhibited his sang de boeuf pottery
Also imitated by English potters such as Bernard Moore (1850-1935)
Process
Oxblood glaze is a reduction glaze, meaning it's fired with little to no oxygen (as opposed to an oxidation glaze)
Traditionally, kilns used wood or coal as fuel, so the fire stole all the oxygen
The flames would sometimes affect the colour of the glaze, hence flambé glaze
Most copper red glaze recipes use more than 10 ingredients, which makes them difficult to produce
William Howson Taylor destroyed his oxblood glaze recipe, and many other recipes, so that no one could replicate his work
Oxblood glaze can be used on vases, teapots, bowls, jugs, etc.
Contemporary use
Many professional and amateur potters use oxblood glaze today
It's still a challenge to produce and to control
Oxblood can be applied to stoneware, porcelain, earthenware, or a combination
It can be used with gold luster, crystalline, other glazes, etc.
Oxblood glazed pottery can be fired in gas, electric, coal, or wood kilns, as long as it's reduction fired
Because of the rich red colour, contemporary oxblood glaze pieces are still popular
Ming dynasty pieces are rarer than Qing dynasty pieces, but both are still auctioned at high prices
Oxblood glaze
Ming dynasty (1368-1644)
lidded jars with
monochrome oxblood
Qing dynasty (1644-1912)
vase with oxblood flambé
Théodore Deck flambé vase
Bernard Moore crystalline flambé vase
Emperor Kangxi
Théodore Deck
oxblood glaze and gold luster bowl
Tom Turner
oxblood oilspot and iron glazed bottle
Amanda Sullivan
low-fired white earthenware with oxblood glaze
dragon kiln
Thank you!
Bernard Moore
Oxblood glaze in Chinese folklore
porcelain garden by Cecilia Borghi
late Qing dynasty oxblood glazed vase
oxblood glaze pieces from porcelain garden
Cecilia Borghi
Presentation by L'Amour Lisik
Full transcript