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Women in the Army(WAAC) and Women Pilots
Transcript of Women in the Army(WAAC) and Women Pilots
By Tamara, Toria, & Danielle
Roles and Contributions
Because these women had served the Army without benefit of official status, they had to obtain their own food and quarters, and they received no legal protection or medical care. Upon their return home they were not entitled to the disability benefits or pensions available to U.S. military veterans.
received less pay than their male counterparts of similar rank
If WAACs were captured, they had no protection under existing international agreements covering prisoners of war.
Dreams they had for the outcome of the war
Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers believed the women's corps should be a part of the Army so that women would receive equal pay, pension, and disability benefits, the Army did not want to accept women directly into its ranks.
One women stationed in the Philippines explained:
"We were warned to keep our sleeves down, wear our wool socks ... watch out for wallabies (small rodent-like kangaroos that bumped under our cots at night), tarantulas (dump boots every morning), and snakes. ... The tents were hot during the day and cold at night because we were sitting right on the Equator."
1942- Creation of the WAAC
1944 - 5,000 Women Serve in Pacific
1946 - Legislation for WACs in the Regular Army
1948 - WACs Enlisted in Regular Army
1949 - WAC AUS Terminated
List Sources (websites)
The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps was formed during World War I. In the build up to its creation, the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps encountered the prejudices that existed at that time to women in general, but to their part in the military in particular.
In World War II, women played a vital role – one that took them outside the home and put them not only in the workforce, but in the factories. Some women from the WWII era took standard clerical positions, while others actually joined the military.
Women in factories:
Women began working in the factory during WWII to meet in the increasing demands of the military. In some cases, they even assisted in designing some of the aircraft.
US Navy nurses served throughout the war. On two different occasions, Navy nurses were captured and held as prisoners of war.
Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) – This group started in 1943. These women flew missions stateside when male pilots were unavailable. They were the first females to fly US military aircraft.
General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Allied Commander, was among high-ranking officers praising the women.
General MacArthur. . .praised the WACS highly, calling them “my best soldiers,” and alleged that they worked harder than men, complained less and were better disciplined. . .he would take any number of the WACs the War Department would give him in any future command he might ever have.
Mary Barkei Marler, Navy Nurse Corps:
Registered Nurse Mary Barkei served with the Navy Nurse Corps during World War II. She was initially stationed in the United States, but in 1944 she received orders to go overseas with Naval Mobile Hospital No. 10. While sailing to her new post, she wrote to her mother, "Never as long as I live will I forget or regret this trip. Now after nearly a year and a half of so called Navy life, I may have a chance to do what I came in for." Her mobile hospital was located on Banika, part of the Solomon Islands.
Despite its mobility, the hospital included eighteen surgical wards, twelve medical wards and a clinical laboratory. Despite the long hours and hard work, Mary found time to purchase souvenirs to send home. She sent the candlesticks and letter opener, made on New Caledonia, home to her family. Mary returned to the United States in October 1945.