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Animal Farm infographic
Transcript of Animal Farm infographic
Old Major calls a meeting to warn the animals
of the evils of man and to encourage them to
start the Revolution.
Lenin, inspired by Karl Marx's philosophies, starts the Bolshevik party in Russia before his death.
Old Major dies, causing Napoleon and Snowball to take charge
of the farm and begin their competition for dominance.
After Lenin's death Stalin and Trotsky manage the party,
each hoping to gain control at the other's expense.
The battle of Cowshed takes place, Farmer Jones and his men are overthrown and the animals create a system of mutual ownership.
The abdication of Nicholas II in 1917 and the October Revolution in which
The Bolsheviks took power and made Russia a communist nation. (Red vs. White)
The animals destroy the farm equipment, and forbid the wearing of ribbons or clothes of any kind.
Old Major had a privileged background and was highly regarded.
Vladimir Lenin was born into a rich background and was well educated. He was also highly regarded.
Old Major had the dream and idea of Animalism, proposing that humans were to be eliminated and that all animals should work together for the benefit of everyone. He died before the revolution could begin.
Karl Marx was the father of Communism and died before the Russian Revolution began.
The killing of the Royal family and supporters of the Czars,
destroying all traces of the Romanov Dynasty.
Snowball is chased off of the farm by the dogs that Napoleon raised.
Trotsky was exiled from the U.S.S.R. and killed by the agents of Joseph Stalin.
Czar Nicholas Romanov the Second
Mr. Jones was an irresponsible farmer who neglected his land and his animals and lost lots of money through various lawsuits. 'His men was corrupt and idle, the fields were full of weeds, the buildings wanted roofing, the hedges were neglected and the animals were underfed.' (pg 11)
Czar Nicholas the Second was an irresponsible and poor ruler, especially when compared to other rulers at the time and he lost a lot of money through World War One. His police was corrupt and idle and Russia's vast lands weren't being cared for properly. Russia's infrastructure was poor and their defenses were lacking, Most notably, the people were underfed, much like the animals on Manor Farm.
Boxer and Clover
Dedicated but tricked followers of Revolution
Snowball suggested the idea of building a windmill and started building it.
Start of Industrialization.
Boxer and Clover worked hard for the idea of Animalism. Boxer's personal maxims are 'I will work harder' and 'Napoleon is always right'. He was the hardest worker and inspired the other animals, but once he was no longer of any use to Napoleon, Napoleon sold him to the Glue Factory. Clover becomes disillusioned in her old age when she starts to notice similarities between Mr. Jones and Napoleon.
Those who were dedicated to the cause worked hard and thought that Stalin could do no wrong, while Stalin was putting them into work camps and mistreating them.
Napoleon was one of the two possible candidates for leader after Old Major passed. He was described as not much of a talker but with a reputation for getting his own way. After he chased off his opponent Snowball using dogs, he became leader of the farm and enforces his rule using Squealer and the dogs. He doesn't care for the good of the farm or about Animalism, instead going for power and control. He also allowed Moses to return to the farm because he would keep the animals working hard through his promises of Sugar Candy Mountain.
Josef Stalin was one of the two possible candidates for leader after Lenin passed. He was less educated than his opponent Trotsky and didn't speak as eloquently, but he got his way through the secret police (NKVD) and through propaganda. He got rid of Trotsky by use of the secret police, and was greedy for power and control. He allowed the church because they kept the workers working hard through promises of heaven and would deter any violent revolutions. As Karl Marx said, 'Religion is the opiate of the masses.'
Hens starved to death when they refused to sell their eggs.
Starvation for millions of people who didn't want to work for Stalin.
The General Public
The sheep was used by Napoleon to subdue and drown out any protests. He also used them to drown out Snowball while he was still around. They were too dumb to know more than what the pigs told them, and took what they said to heart.
The general public of Russia was uneducated farmers who supported Stalin. Any protesters were drowned out by the masses of people agreeing with Stalin.
The Manor Farm is what the farm was called when Jones (Nicholas the Second) ruled it. After the revolution, the animals change its name to Animal Farm.
After the overthrow of the Czar, Russia became The Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.).
The animal farm flag is
obviously meant to mirror
the Soviet Union flag.
The Manor Farm/Animal Farm
Russia/The Soviet Union
Foxwood is described as as "a large, neglected, old-fashioned farm, much overgrown by woodland, with all its pastures worn out and its hedges in a disgraceful condition." Throughout the novel, Foxwood and Animal Farm vacillate between alliance and enmity.
The US was in this same condition as Foxwood at the time of the Russian Revolution because of the Depression. Just like Foxwood and Animal Farm, the US and Russia were on uncertain terms. The end of the book (during which Foxwood and Animal Farm begin to argue once again) seems to foreshadow the Cold War. However, at the time George Orwell wrote the book, the Cold War had not yet happened.
However, England could also be represented by Foxwood. Foxwood was a neighboring farm which Napoleon betrayed, then asked for help from after being betrayed by Pinchfield. England was betrayed by Russia, then Russia asked them for help when they were attacked by Germany.
England/The United States
Pinchfield farm is described as smaller and better kept than Foxwood. The
owner is Mr. Frederick, a cunning businessman.
Germany is represented by Pinchfield. The term "pinch" used in the farm's name is significant because Frederick was very shrewd, as was Hitler, a totalitarian leader of Germany who "pinched" several European countries.
Willingdon is the place in which all the farms are mentioned.
Seeing as the farms are European countries, Willingdon represents all of Europe.
England is only mentioned once or twice in the novel, but Willingdon is said to be in England.
Willingdon represents Europe. Because Willingdon is in England, England must imitate the entire world.
After the revolution, some of the animals wanted to destroy the farmhouse, which previously belonged to Jones, but preserved it as a museum instead. Eventually, Napoleon claimed it as his own.
The Kremlin was the home of the Czar. It was preserved in a similar was to the farmhouse. Stalin (Napoleon) later took up residence there.
The Red Lion was a pub in England. Jones sought refuge here.
The Red Lion is a substitute for the Royal Palace of the Czar.
The Red Lion
The Royal Palace
Moses was Jones's pet and often spoke of Sugarcandy Mountain. While Moses is made to leave in the beginning of the novel, he is allowed to return to speak of Sugarcandy Mountain and give the working animals hope and promise of reward.
The Russian Orthodox Church was outlawed in Russia, but allowed once again in 1941. They spoke of heaven to the working class people.
Snowball is one of two possible candidates for the leader after Old Major passes. Snowball is a vivacious, smart, and convincing speaker, with idealistic goals. He was one of the leaders of the Revolution and truly wanted life to get better for the animals, being devoted to Animalism. He was chased away by Napoleon's dogs when he was gaining the support of most of the animals.
Leon Trotsky was an eloquent and educated man who was one of two possible candidates for leader after Lenin died. He was known for his convincing speechs and he was one of the leaders of the Revolution. He was a true communist, dedicated to Marx's original ideas. Trotsky wasexiled by Lenin's secret police (NKVD).
Other farms begin to recognize Animal Farm and become influenced by it.
The rich and wealthy in Russia
The USSR is recognized world wide and causes controversy, particularly in the United States.
Snowball changed the name of the farm from Manor Farm to Animal Farm.
'Russia' becomes the Union of Socialist Soviet Republic.
Napoleon uses his pack of dogs to search through the belongings of the animals.
Stalin begins to abuse his Secret Police to kill those who appose him
or who he believes may be traitors.
The death of four pigs, three hens, goose and sheep.
Mollie was a spoiled mare before the Revolution, wanting only for sugar and attention for the ribbons in her mane, which was deemed unnecessary on Animal Farm. She did little work on the farm before she ran away to the city where she was seen with a human petting her and giving her sugar.
The wealthy in Russia didn't care for the Revolution or communism as they didn't have anything to gain. Most moved to other countries after the Revolution.
Trials against Stalin's perceived enemies, including members of his own party and innocent outsiders.
Squealer was a pig who could convince the other animals of anything. He was the one who would ease the other animal's minds should they have a problem with what the pigs, and later on Napoleon, was doing. As the book progressed, he twisted the original ideas and commandments of Animalism more and more to fit his needs.
Propaganda was the spreading of information and ideals to help or benefit a group. It was used by Stalin to convince the people of Russia that what he was doing was right. His propoganda twisted the original ideas of Communism to fit his needs.
Benjamin was an old donkey who never seemed to get caught up in the idea of Animalism. He was the cynical best friend of Boxer, and could read just as well as any of the pigs. He was best friends with Boxer, but didn't do anything after he was killed.
There were those in Russia who did not believe in Communism, but didn't protest enough to be killed and still did their work. When their neighbours and friends dedicated to the cause were killed, they didn't do anything after.
A deal is made between Animal Farm and Friedrich.
The Non-Aggression Pact is made between the USSR and Nazi Germany. Stalin places his trust in Hitler.
Napoleon insists that the pigs need to take the apples and milk for themselves because they are necessary for their health.
The Bolshevik Party takes more money than they need to operate and live in luxury, despite their message of equality.
A treaty is formed with Pilkington.
Animalism was at first thought of by Old Major, then after the revolution was expanded upon by Snowball, Napoleon, and to an extent, Squeeler.
Friedrich attacks Animal Farm and destroys the windmill but is driven away by the animals.
Hitler attacks the western border, breaking the Pact. The economy
is harmed by the war.
The USSR joins the Allies and agrees to the Divide Germany Pact.
Communism was born of the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and was used as the basis to launch the revolution in Russia. After the overthrow of the Czar, further concepts continued to be added or changed by Lenin, Stalin, Trotsky and others.
Years later Napoleon invites the other farms to a card game and praised for his leadership.
Stalin remains an infamous historical figure and is accredited to the
industrialization of Russia.
The Animal Farm ran on the belief that money and social classes weren't necessary with everyone doing their share of what work needed to be done. Of course the chickens wouldn't be able to do the same work one of the horses could do, so this was measured looking at what work each had the ability to do. Similarly, feeding everyone equally was not done by giving everyone the exact same portions - a horse would need far more food than a chicken.
"From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs" was a popular slogan used by Marxists.
The sheep were easily convinced by Napoleon that everything he had done was for the good of all on the farm.
Having a large amount of naive and uneducated peasants representing a considerable portion of the population allowed Stalin to slowly but very surely entrenched himself in a position of considerable power.
As the animals had to decide what to after having taken over the farm, Napoleon and Snowball presented their ideas to their fellow animals and competed for a position as leader in their new society. Napoleon and Snowball's differences eventually led to Snowball being exiled by Napoleon and subsequently blamed for things that went wrong on the farm.
After Lenin's death, Stalin and Trotsky vied for a position of leadership in the Soviet Union. Trotsky was forced to leave the country and was later assassinated in Mexico, most likely by agents of Stalin.
The litter of pups adopted by Napoleon grew into a fierce pack that obeyed his every command, aiding him with the kangaroo court trials and executions he conducted to keep the others in their places.
Stalin used the KGB to intimidate and oppress the Russian people. Many executions, interrogations using torture, and policing methods that invaded the privacy of Soviet citizens were carried out by the KGB to insure that Stalin's reign was not threatened.
As Stalin's reign continued, the USSR strayed from many of it's founding principles, even allowing certain privately owned enterprises to be established. Now, Russia is no longer a communist country, but a country with a capitalist economy.
Napoleon began changing many of the laws created upon the founding of the Animal Farm to suit his interests, eventually culminating in running a farm with its animals even more oppressed than they had been during Mr. Jones' reign.
Moses was the pet of Mr. Jones, who told the animals about Sugar Candy Mountain up in the skies. After leaving at the beginning of the Revolution, he returns with the permission of Napoleon, continuing to tell the animals that if they work hard they would make it to Sugar Candy Mountain.
The church in Russia was in league with the Czar, though after the Revolution they became less prominent. Stalin allowed them to continue to preach about heaven as it kept the people working hard and discouraged any violent revolutions or rebellions.
The pigeons were the ones who went around to the other farms, spreading information to the other animals and collecting intelligence about the farmers.
Outside intelligence in Russia would collect information about the other countries such as Germany and would spread propaganda to their people.
Mr Whymper was the liaison between the outside world and Animal Farm. The other animals were uncomfortable with the interaction as they felt it went against the ideas of Animalism.
Communism was against the market, as it went against the idea of everybody working for the good of the state.