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Transcript of maslows
How It Relates to Equity Physiological Needs Safety Needs Love & Belonging Needs Esteem Needs Self-Actualization Air Water F
Georgina Shelter EQUITY Personal Security Job Safety net Health Financial Security Sleep Family Friends Relationships Intimacy Belonging Social Safety needs (security, protection)
"With their physical needs relatively satisfied, individuals’ safety needs take over and dominate their behavior." (Wikipedia, 2013)
At this level, people desire predictability, familiarity and order in their world, free of injustice and inconsistency. "In the world of work, these safety needs manifest themselves in such things as a preference for job security, grievance procedures for protecting the individual from unilateral authority, savings accounts, insurance policies, and the like."(Wikipedia, 2013) Historically these needs have not been met
Currently they are predominantly satisfied in the First World, although those in poverty are still trying to meet these needs
First World nations provide relief aid to Third World countries needing assistance. Safety and Security needs include: personal security, financial security, stability, dependency, protection, freedom from fear, health and well-being, safety net against accidents, sickness or unforeseen events Protection from harm Seek refuge Safe
Schools The third level of human needs is social (family, friends, belonging, relationships), after both physiological and safety needs are fulfilled.
This component of Maslow’s hierarchy involves emotionally-based relationships such as friendship, intimacy, having a family which is caring, supportive, and communicates well. Fun group school work
builds friendships Abraham
1908-1970 1943: "A Theory of Human Motivation"
1954: "Motivation & Personality" Needs - "Necessities of life"
Wants - "Desires not needed for life" Motivation
"...the process used to allocate energy to maximize the satisfaction of needs" (Pritchard, Ashwood)
? - choices, start, intensity, persistence, thoughts & feelings
"Locus of causality"
Intrinsic - from within ourselves (Humanist view)
Extrinsic - outside ourselves Equity in Education
We strive to give every student an equal opportunity to fully develop their knowledge and skills, to enable them to succeed in their education, society, and in their future.
Equity Theory of Motivation
Per Stacey Adams (1963), "motivation is correlated to perception of equity, fairness, justice,...the higher the perception of fairness, the greater the motivation" (Management Study Guide, 2012)
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Equity all come together? As teachers
keep classroom well ventilated
ensure all students are nourished with food and fluids
remind students to prepare for the weather
ask about sleep
be available Physiological Needs
Basic biological needs
“The physical requirements for human survival. If these are not met, the human body cannot function properly, and will ultimately fail.” (Wikipedia, 2013) Needs, Motivation, & Equity Walk Activity* 1)Create a large space centred on the middle of the room
2)Everyone lines up shoulder to shoulder in the centre
3)Talking should be kept to a minimum
4)Everyone should listen carefully to each statement and take the appropriate step forward or backward, if it applies to you, or remain where you are, if it doesn’t
5)Everyone should remain where they are at the end of the activity so that the history/distribution of needs, motivation and equity across the participants can be imaged
* This activity has been adapted from an article by Peggy McIntosh, entitled “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack”. 1)What was the purpose of this activity?
2)How do those of you in front feel?
4)What do you think about Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs? Motivation theory? And Equity? And the interplay between all of these?
5)Can you suggest additional statements for the exercise?
6)How might you modify this appropriately, in general, to use in your classroom?
7)Has this activity motivated you and how? If you know that you will be a teacher who will use Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs; Motivation Theory; and Equity to help your students progress along their path to be, eventually, “all that they can be”, take one step forward # 18 If you can’t remember ever having a teacher who you knew would be and was “there for you”, take a step back # 17 If your parents told you that you could be anything you wanted to be when you grew up, take a step forward # 15 If you ever remember a situation when you felt unjustly treated, no matter what you did to defend or explain yourself, take a step back # 14 If your teachers generally made you feel good about your work and encouraged your efforts, take a step forward # 13 If you feel that people usually put you down, take a step back # 12 If, generally, your teachers helped you to feel comfortable at school and that you “belonged”, take a step forward # 11 If you feel like a loner, take a step back # 9 If you generally feel here at OISE that your efforts are rewarded equally or fairly with equal or similar efforts by your peers, take a step forward # 8 If you were ever complimented in school on your clothes, appearance or possessions, take a step forward # 7 If your main reason for becoming a teacher is to obtain financial security, take a step backward OR forward (your choice) # 6 If you generally always felt safe while at school, take a step forward # 5 If you were ever sick and it was difficult finding the right help (doctors; specialists; hospital treatment, etc) to get well, take a step back # 4 If you were ever hungry in school and you remember a teacher helping you out or a school sponsored breakfast or lunch program, take a step forward # 3 If you remember ever having to skip a meal or being hungry because your family was not able to buy enough food, take one step back # 1 Maslow’s Hierarchy Activity
Needs, Motivation, and Equity Walk If you think that anything in life is possible if you try hard enough, have a fair chance, and have a little help from your friends, take a step forward # 16 If it was difficult for you to socialize in school and you didn’t feel like you “belonged”, take a step back # 10 If you remember being hungry in school because your family could not afford to send snacks or a lunch with you, take another step back # 2 Esteem Needs
Once we have achieved "more or less" each of the previous foundational levels and met our survival needs/basic necessities of life, safety and security needs, love and belonging needs then we are at the level of trying to meet our esteem needs, also still considered to be deficiency needs.
An individual at the "esteem needs" motivational level seeks esteem through achievement, attention, recognition, the respect of others, and self-respect. Achievement, Recognition Self-respect Confidence How to Improve Self-Esteem per KidsHealth.org (2013):
think positive thoughts about yourself
aim for achievements not perfection
learn from mistakes
explore new activities
accept what you cannot change about yourself
make plans toward your goals
share proudly your ideas and views
have fun Journey Self-fulfillment Maslow (1943, pp. 382-382) described self-actualization as: “It relates to the (person’s) desire for self-fulfillment, namely, to the tendency for him to become actualized in what he is potentially. The specific form that these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person. In one individual it may take the form of the desire to be an ideal mother, in another it may be expressed athletically, and in still another it may be expressed in painting pictures or in inventions. ” (Koltko-Rivera, 2006) Self-actualization Respect from others Building A Child's Confidence & Self Esteem In Class & School - Teacher – Ian Corban Activity Debrief/Questions: Finding My Magic - Save the Children Australia in association with Eve Ash and the Catherine Freeman Foundation Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs - Dominguez, Brenda C