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Youth as the Counterculture (60's and 70's protests)

History project
by

Jacob Mabe

on 7 June 2011

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Transcript of Youth as the Counterculture (60's and 70's protests)

Youth as the Counterculture The Protests of the 60's and 70's CounterCulture: --- A way of life and set of attitudes opposed to or at variance with the prevailing social norm Hippie Punk Origin of Hippies The name "hippie" is derived from the word "hipster". The philosophy of the movement was about being happy and not living your life as others thought it should be. This "if it feels good do it" attitude left them with little concerns for consequences of their actions. Originally, hippies did not actively protest, but had "be-ins" events where groups of hippies would congregate such as in the Summer of Love, an event where over 30,000 hippies gathered in the San Francisco Golden Gate Park. They welcomed the media to observe their culture such as their drug use. This also spurred a hippie meeting in Central Park where over 10,000 hippies gathered. However, mid 1967, the hippie movement "died" in the West Coast but started to spread east accross the country. Hippie fashion trends spread among the Baby Boomer generation. The first Hippie protest was in 1967 where a group of hippies named "Yippies" protested the war at the Pentagon with the slogan "Rise up and abandon the creeping meatball". In 1969, the University of California was the target of a hippie mission to return one of its vacant lots into a park, they named "Peoples Park". Governor Reagan was angered by the University for allowing this and ordered the park destroyed and the lot fenced in. The hippies retaliated with riots and attempted to "take back the park". 128 students were taken to area hospitals, for head trauma, shotgun wounds, and other serious injuries inflicted by the police. 1 student was killed by a shotgun, and another blinded. WoodStock
(The end of the Hippie Era) The gap that existed between the hippies and mainstream society widened. In 1969, half a million people attended the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in New York. However, soon the hippie movement faced many tragedies. Sharon Tate, Leno, and Rosemary Lebianca were murdered by Charles Manson and his followers, who were known as "drug crazed Hippies". 18 year old African American Meredith Hunter was stabbed and killed at the Altamont Free Concert. Many hippie preformers overdosed on drugs such as, Jimmy Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and Jim Morrison. Both new and old youth cultures such as Punk and the Skinheads showed animosity to the remaining hippie followers. Music was a big part of youth and counterculture in the 60's to 70's. Hippies mostly listened to Psychedelic Rock. This genre shared both the idea of peace and love, and also the idea of using drugs to reach a higher state of mind. "One pill makes you larger
And one pill makes you small
And the ones that mother gives you
Don't do anything at all
Go ask Alice
When she's ten feet tall"
"White Rabbit" - Jefferson Airplane "Picture yourself in a boat on a river,
With tangerine trees and marmalade skies.
Somebody calls you, you answer quite slowly,
A girl with kaleidoscope eyes.
Cellophane flowers of yellow and green,
Towering over your head.
Look for the girl with the sun in her eyes,
And she's gone."
"Lucy in Sky with Diamonds" - The Beatles Likewise, Punk was also a culture closely associated with a genre of music, Punk Rock, which is where the name is derived. Originally starting as music that was simple for having fun, it evolved into a culture of shock value, the people had things to say and felt that in the world their voices were not loud enough and drowned out by authority. They brought out what everyone knows but do not think about or try to ignore. Their music shows this use of shock and awe and resentment of authority and the current state of the world. Twenty-twenty-twenty four hours to go I wanna be sedated
Nothin' to do and no where to go-o-oh I wanna be sedated
Just get me to the airport put me on a plane
Hurry hurry hurry before I go insane
I can't control my fingers I can't control my brain
Oh no no no no no
Twenty-twenty-twenty four hours to go....
Just put me in a wheelchair, get me on a plane
Hurry hurry hurry before I go insane
I can't control my fingers I can't control my brain
Oh no no no no no
"I Wanna Be Sedated" - The Ramones Just gimme a scene where the music is free
And the beer is not the life of the party
And there's no need to shit talk or impress
'Cause honesty and emotion are not looked down upon
And every promise that's made and bragged
is meant if not kept
We'd do it all because we have to, not because we know why
Beyond a gender, race, and class,
we could find what really holds us back
"Reinventing Axl Rose" - Against me! "You can't arrest me, I'm a rockstar."
- Sid Vicious "I'm the one that has to die when it's time for me to die, so let me live my life, the way I want to."
- Jimi Hendrix The origin of Punk resides with a music genre which at its time went without a name. In the mid 1960's a new type of musician arrived in their parents garage. Garage rock was a genre characterized by the fact it sounded like it was produced in a garage. (Modern day example: The White Stripes). A huge part of the act was the Do-It-Yourself ethic. It was the DIY attitude and the idea of making your own music instead of listening to "the mainstream rock" that established Punk. Songs were fast, loud and burnt out quickly, rivaling the Subculture that it created. IMP RTANT EVENTS: "Hey, hey LBJ, how many kids have you killed today?" "End the nuclear race, not the human race" "When punk rock came along, the one thing you were not supposed to be was musical."
-Nick Lowe "When the punk thing came along and I heard my friends saying, I hate these people with the pins in their ears. I said, Thank God, something got their attention."
-Neil Young "We're more popular than Jesus now; I don't know which will go first- rock and roll or Christianity."
-John Lennon He who takes a stand is often wrong, but he who fails to take a stand is always wrong. 

-Anonymous (Disputed) Your mind is like a parachute, it doesn't work unless it's open. 

-Jordan Maxwell We could blow this place up if we wanted to. We would set it all up!
- Dee Dee Ramone “The greatest pleasure in life is doing what people say you cannot do.”
-Walter Bagehot "This is my life and freedom is my profession"
-Eugene Hütz "I do my thing, and you do your thing. I am not tin this world to live up to your expectations, and you are not in this world to live up to mine. You are you, and I am I, and if by chance we find each other, it's beautiful."
-Frederick E. Perl Violent Subculture? Punk is often considered an aggressive subculture because of the lyrical content of its music and the general attitude of its followers. However in the 1970's it was the punks themselves who faced violence. Many conservatives, such as "rednecks" and the KKK did not like what Punk was preaching, especially since the Punk subculture was known for being against Sexism, Racism, and class divisions. In mid-June 1977 Johnny Rotten (Of the Sex Pistols) was attacked by a knife-wielding gang outside Islington's Pegasus pub, causing tendon damage to his left arm, three days later he was attacked again. Politics of Punk While some early Punk ideologies were apolitical, it still shared the idea of Nihilism with its political counterparts. Nihilism is the idea life has no meaning, and morals do not inherently exist are contrived of the human mind. Most punk ideals are left wing and the most famous of which is Anarchism, more correctly extreme communism. This led many conservatives and neo-nazi parties to attack Punk followers for their red association. However there were some right wing punks, but still campaign for less government, but instead of communal ideals focused on individual rights for property. Almost all punk was Libertarian. "Peoples Park":
Students converting empty lot into a park, stopped by police, riots began

Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam:
A strike against ending the war in Vietnam, nationwide on November 15, 1969. Some Police officers even wore peace signs.

Student Strike of 1970:
On May 8, ten days after Nixon announced the Cambodian invasion , 100,000 protesters gathered in Washington and another 150,000 in San Francisco. They destroyed 30 ROTC buildings in their rage.

Sterling Hall bombing: The University of Wisconsin–Madison campus on August 24, 1970 was bombed by 4 youths for its research being used for the Vietnam War. 1 professor was killed and 3 people were injured.

New York City blackout of 1977: July 13, 1977 to July 14, 1977 New York City had a black out in every district except southern Queens, and neighborhoods of the Rockaways. Many youth saw it as a chance to retaliate and riots were formed by Punks and Hippies alike and eventually everyone was looting. 1,616 stores were damaged in looting and rioting. 1,037 fires were responded to, including 14 multiple-alarm fires. 3,776 people were arrested. Sources http://www.bunnysneezes.net/page192.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/266600/hippie
http://www.hippy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=243
http://blog.lib.uiowa.edu/news/2010/05/04/student-protests-of-the-1970s/
http://sun.menloschool.org/~nfortman/8th/decadesweb.2003/bradl/index.html
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