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Colombia

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on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Colombia

Colombia
By Rony, Wyatt, and Jonathan
Located in the northwest corner of South America, Colombia is the one of the only country's in the region with coasts on both the Caribbean and Pacific Ocean, with a continental area of 440 829 square miles and 358 555 square miles of maritime sectors.
It shares borders with Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador, and maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Colombia is between latitudes 4° south and 12° north, and between 67° and 79° longitude west, which make the country enjoy constant luminosity throughout the year, with an equal duration of daylight and nighttime hours; usually from 6:00am to 6:00pm. Colombia is an equatorial country whose climate is determined by trade winds, humidity and altitude – the temperature drops as the altitude increases.
There is considered to be two rainy seasons in most of the country; from April to June and from August to November.This makes it also have two dry seasons

Geography
Population
Points of Interests

* Colombia trades numerous items such as coffee, cut flowers, emeralds and leather goods. These items are then imported to various countries, usually Europe and United States.

* Colombians will gather to watch bull fighting where a man with a red blanket and a bull are in an enclosed stadium. The man uses the red blanket to signal the bull and then has to dodge the bull at the last second.

* Even though Colombians are very fond of soccer it is not their national sport, their national sport is Tejo. This sport requires individuals to launch projectiles at targets.
Points of interest
Bibliography
http://www.world-festivals.net/colombia/colombia-festivals.htm
http://people.howstuffworks.com/culture-traditions/national-traditions/colombian-tradition2.htm
http://www.colombia.travel/en/international-tourist/colombia/geography
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/colombia.html
http://www.fluentin3months.com/colombian-spanish/
http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/colombia-facts/
http://www.10-facts-about.com/Colombia/id/86
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/interesting-facts-about-colombia.html
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/colombia-population/
http://www.pewforum.org/2014/11/13/religion-in-latin-america/#
http://www.everyculture.com/Bo-Co/Colombia.html
http://www.infoplease.com/country/colombia.html

* Religion plays a huge role in Colombia’s culture, 95% of the population is Roman Catholic and 85% attend Church on a regular basis.

* There are many important holidays/celebrations in the Colombian history, these include the Epiphany, the Holy week (Easter), all Saints Day, the Immaculate Conception, Independence Day (July 20) and Christmas.

* Soccer is the most popular sport in Colombia, the World Cup is the most important sporting event for Colombia.

* Art is another huge aspect of the Colombian culture, National Museum of Colombia and Colombian Institute of Culture support artists while studying the art history of Colombia.
Culture
Colombia is very famous for the various carnivals it holds throughout the year. These colorful celebrations are often multi-day events including elaborate parades, beauty contests, spirited performances and music as well as delicious food.
Celebrations
Men greet and shake each other's hands with direct eye contact.
Women often grasp each other's forearms rather than shaking hands.
When shaking hands, use the appropriate greeting for the time of day.
Once there is a friendship amongst people, greetings becoming warmer and closer.
Non verbal behaviors/ cultural elements of communication
Colombian Spanish is considered to be "standard dialect" and is the "clearest" form of Spanish found on TV and radio. Colombian Spanish is the easiest to understand, spoken by those in the capital Bogota. There are also many words they prefer to use over the standard Peninsular Spanish (mainland). For example, they prefer to say "¿Qué más?" for "How are you?" rather than "¿Cómo está?"
Colombians are known to be very polite in their conversations.
Interesting elements of language
It is home to many famous people including singer and model Shakira, writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez and footballer James Rodriguez
The country produces 60% of the world's most expensive emeralds
Produces 12% of the world's coffee
Bogota's airport is the most expensive and largest airport in Latin America
Known for its diverse culture and food
Interesting Facts / Information
Some of the popular carnivals are:
• Carnarval de Negros y Blancos “Carnival of Black and Whites”
- Celebrated every January in the city of Pasto, it is one of the most ancient carnivals in the Americas. Historically, the city of Pasto was a crossroad for many people from different cultures. This event is a celebration of Colombia’s multicultural heritage.

• Carnaval de Barranquilla
-This is celebrated in February, and known to be the most colourful carnival in the world. It is the most important folklore celebration dates back to the 19th century. It includes Indigenous African folk music, Catholic festivities as well as large parades and dances.

Men will embrace/hug and pat on each other's back (called an embrazo) while women may kiss once on the right cheek.
Most Colombians have a paternal and maternal surname, but the father's surname is listed first and used in conversation.
* People living in Colombia eat food that shows the importance of Spanish and Indigenous traditions.

* Middle class families will usually have a dinner that consists of fresh fruit, homemade soup, and a main dish with meat or fish with a side of rice or potatoes is most common.

* Lower income families in Colombia eat more carbohydrate meals, their meals will most often end with a sweet desert (panela, type of brown sugar).

* In the coastal region of Colombia, seafood plays a huge role in their diet. In Cartegena, the most times a lunch will have rice with coconut, fried plantains and shrimp. Another meal is in coastal regions is the sancocho (fish stew).

* Food plays a major role in Colombians everyday life; it’s involved in religious meaning, cultural meaning and ancestral meaning.
Food
Colombia has the third largest population in South America. The diversity of races in the country has not only made Colombia very multicultural.The people are joyful and have a literacy rate of over 92% making them a leader in of educational levels in South America.

The employment levels of woman are the highest in Latin America; by law, at least 30% of public-sector jobs must be held by women.

The 2014 population estimate of Colombia is 49,140,523

More than 99.2% of the people in Colombia speak Spanish but there are a total of 101 languages that are listed in the Ethnologic database for Colombia in which there are 64 native tongues which are still in use.

Colombia's Gender Ratio has an estimate of 49.156% male and 50.844% Female

Food
Lets check the sunrise and sunset in Colombia!
https://www.google.ca/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&rlz=1C1ASUC_enCA621CA621&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=colombia%20sunrise%20sunset
Geography Part two
* The country Colombia was actually named after Christopher Columbus, but the country was actually discovered by Alonso de Ojeda.

* Columbia declared independence on July 20, 1810 proudly claimed independence in 1819, one of the main results why Columbia gained independence was because of the Boyacá battle that took place on August, 7 1819.

* During this time there were two main political groups, Conservatives (strong government, powerful church), and Liberals (decentralized government, strong regional power, minimal church control).

* The country has changed names many times, it has been Republic of greater Colombia, The United States of New Granda, United States of Columbia and currently the Republic of Colombia.
History
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