Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

INDIA: PARTITION AND INDEPENDENCE

No description
by

Misha Moghad

on 27 April 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of INDIA: PARTITION AND INDEPENDENCE

INDIA: PARTITION AND INDEPENDENCE
Overview of India's Partition
Partition of India
Timeline of Events
1858: India comes under direct British rule after failed Indian mutiny
1885: Indian National Congress founded
1907: All India Muslim League founded
1920: Mahatma Gandhi launches anti-British campaign
1930: Mohammad Iqbal proposes creation of separate Muslim state


Junice Liu Kate Long Misha Moghaddam

Outline and Purpose
Introduction to India's Partition
India's Political Context
[Indian National Congress and The Muslim League]
The Partition and Independence of India (1947)
Main Events: National and Global Context
Key Actors: Political Leaders and the Partition
Main Causes of the Partition
Reasons for India's Independence as a Separate State
[Unresolved Issues and the Kashmir Conflict:
Current Indo-Pakistani Tension]
Conclusion and Discussion (Questions)











Separation of India on August 14-15, 1947
Divided Muslim and Hindu areas of India
Ended 350 years of British presence
Indian National Congress

All-India Muslim League
The Partition and Independence of India
Summary of the Partition
Main Events: National and Global Context

Key Actors: Political Leaders and the Partition
Unresolved Issues and the Kashmir Conflict:
Current Indo-Pakistani Relations
Mohammad Ali Jinnah
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill

Founded in 1885
First organised independence group in the country
Predominantly Hindu
1920: Campaign of passive resistance, led by Mohandas Gandhi, against restrictions on the press and political activities
Nehru insisted the congress was the party for all Indians - factionalism would weaken independence movement
1942: "Quit India" civil disobedience movement in response to WW2
Became ruling party of India after partition, led by Jawaharlal Nehru
Founded by Muslim leaders in 1906
Sparked by Bengal partition of 1905
Protect Muslim interests
Counter INC influences
1913: Pushed for self-government - Mohammed Ali Jinnah joins
1919: Amritsar Massacre led greater political interest
1930s the Muslim League began plans for a separate independent Muslim state
Opposed Gandhi's movements
1946: Direct Action Day
Princely State of Kashmir
Region between Pakistan/India
Upon independence, left unpartitioned
Pakistan invaded in order to cease control
Led inhabitants to join India in exchange for military support
Western quarter of Kashmir given to pakistan
Still disputed territory and the source of chronic Indo-Pakistani tension
Leader of the All-India Muslim
Lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan
India's Political Context
Discussion
Question (1)
Question (2)

In what ways could world events have
contributed to the partition and
independence of India as well as the
independence of surroundding regions?
What were the advantages and disadvantages of India getting their independence?
Summary
Main Causes of the Partition
Reasons for India's Independence as a Separate State
Conclusion

Mohandas K. Gandhi
Jawaharlal Nehru

Distinguished leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India; led India to independence
Secular India, independent of British colonial rule
Traditional Indian values:
non-violence and ancient Hindu concept of 'ahimsa'
Mass appeal and following

First Prime Minister of India; central figure in Indian politics (20th century)
Paramount leader of the Indian Independence Movemement under tutelage of Gandhi
Congress President:
called for complete independence from Britain
Ruled India following independence in 1947

(1869-1948)
(1889-1964)
(1876-1948)
(1874-1965)
1942: Congress begins “Quit India” Campaign
1947: Partition of India into India and Pakistan
1947: End of British Rule
Sir Muhammad Iqbal's address to the Muslim League in 1903:

"The Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religions, philosophies, social customs and literature... to yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent, and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state."
Separated India into the

Republic of India

and the

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Divided based on religion:
Hindu - India
Muslim - Pakistan
Greatest mass refugee movements in history, with more than 10 million people in 1947
Distribution of main roads and rail roads were not considered
Tension between Indo-Pakistani is still present today (Kashmir conflict)
Leader of British Parliament
Premier during WWII
Despised Gandhi's uprising
Prolonged freedom of British rule
Stated "India was not entitled to independence"
Global political processes/world events
World War I (1914), World War II (1939), World Depression (1929)
Exacerbated social , political and economic tension

National events
'Direct Action Day' riots
Factionalism between Hindus and Muslims - Violence tacticts

Political Disparities between leading political figures and parties
Jinnah determined to be head of own separate Muslim state
Gandhi and Nehru in support of secular independent India

Temporal context
Britain's delay in granting India independence
Advantage for Jinnah in terms of gaining support









End of WWI, mass uprising led to Ghandi's non-violent movement
England: 1935
"Government of India Act"
Members of Congress withdrew their position to protest (1939)
Churchill rose to power and prelonged the independence
Gandhi: 1942
"Quit India Resolution"
Churchill's withdrawal from parliament allowed new government to pass independence
Jinnah and his Muslim league pressed for own seperate state
Series of irreconcilable disparities between Indian National Congress and All-India Muslim League

Reflected greater ideological divide between Muslim and Hindu populations of India

Imperative to preserve interests of the Muslim League (Hindu threat)

Britain's delayed ratification of India's independence - world war disruptions
India partition and independence (August 1947)
Islamic Republic of Pakistan and India, free from British colonial rule

Religious division between Hindu and Muslim populations of India (factionalism)

Social-political instability
Hindu majority presented threat to Muslim minority, Hindu-dominated India feared by Jinnah and supporters
Full transcript