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Student Lessons (English 9)

Symbolism Group

on 24 April 2013

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Transcript of Symbolism

By Luiza Villela, Isabela Souza, Lucas Vicentini, and Pedro Schweizer Symbolism What is Symbolism? How did symbolism start? Why is symbolism important? How does it relate to the outside world? How does it relate to English 9? Socratic Circle Class Activity Symbolism is the act of substituting things by symbols, or of adding to things a symbolic meaning. A symbol is any object, action, or idea that represents something other than itself, often in a more conceptual way. Symbolism was created by artists as a sign of protest against realism in mid 1800's. It portraited dreams, creativity, and the search for the sacred, opposing naturalism, which emphasized the harshness of human conditions. The symbolist movement was created by French, Belgian, and Russian painters, but it soon affected all types of arts around the world, especially as literature. In literature, symbolism is used to provide meaning to the writing beyond what is being described. The action that happens in a story can be thought of as one level, while the symbolism of certain things in the writing act on another level to enhance the story and further expose characters. This aids in the overall comprehension of the plot. Here are some examples of symbolism in books we have read this year To start off, lets watch this video in order to see that SYMBOLISM IS EVERYWHERE Get into groups and come up with other examples of symbolism in real life. Then, share your connections with the class! Hunt for the murderer The novel that is considered to be the first in transposing the symbolism movement to fiction writing is "À Rebours" (translated to "Against Nature", but actually means "Downwards") written by the French novelist Joris-Karl Huysmans in 1884. Instructions: One of your fellow classmates is the "murderer". You should all go around and shake hands with each other. If you shake hands with the murderer, he will tap your wrist discreetly and you will "die" (leave the game). There are some clues (symbols that represent the murderer) around the classroom. Find them, interpret them, and find the murderer before it is too late! 1. What were the symbols and how did they represent the murderer?

2.How does this activity relate to symbolism?

3. Can you think of any other uses for symbolism in real life? Which ones? Reflection Who uses symbols in the outside world? As it could be seen in the video, companies utilize symbols to pass messages through their logos Not always the message is obvious, many times it is intended to be solely understood by the brain Religious groups also use symbols to represent their faith
For instance, the Christians use the cross to represent the belief that Jesus was crucified and then rose from the dead Others use symbols to try to prove some absurd thesis, like the existence of the Illuminati, which is a so-called elite secret group that controls the world.
Believers claim that the Illuminati symbol is all around, like in the Dollar bill and in artists. Take your own conclusions. In conclusion, symbols are not only in literature, but all around us for the most various reasons. Class objective We will explore the concept of symbolism so that we can identify its connections to English 9 and the outside world. Exit Slips Making Inferences How can symbolism affect someone's writing style? To Kill a Mockingbird Lord of the Flies The conch shell- the conch shell becomes a powerful symbol of civilization and order in the novel. The conch shell also represents the boys desire to go back to society. At the end of the novel, the conch looses its power,and the boys start to become savages.

Piggy’s Glasses- the glasses represent the power of science and intellectual endeavor in society.

The Signal Fire- the signal fire becomes a measurement of the boys’ connection to civilization. In the book,while the fire is still burning it shows that the boys still want to be rescued,and when the fire burns out the boys loose their interests in returning to society and they
become savages.

The Beast-the beast symbolizes the primal instinct of savagery that exists within all human beings.

The lord of the flies-the head of the pig is a symbol of the power of evil, and a type of a satanic figure that evokes the beast within each human being. Oedipus’s Swollen Foot- Oedipus’s injury symbolizes the way in which fate has marked him and set him apart. It also symbolizes the way his movements have been confined and constrained since birth, by Apollo’s prophecy to Laius.

The Three-way Crossroads- the crossroads symbolizes fate and the awesome power of prophecy rather than freedom and choice.

Oedipus the King A Separate Peace Siddhartha The river- the river in Siddhartha represents life itself, time, and the path to enlightenment.

The ferryman-In Siddhartha, the ferryman is a guide for both the river and the path to enlightenment.

The Smile-the smile represents achieving enlightenment. Mockingbirds- the “mockingbird” comes to represent the idea of innocence. Thus, to kill a mockingbird is to destroy innocence. Miss Maudie explains to Scout: “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but . . . sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.”

Boo Radley- Boo Radley is an important measurement of the children's development from innocence toward a grown-up moral perspective. As they grow up, they see him in different ways. Boo also represents the ultimate symbol of good. The Summer and Winter Sessions at Devon- the summer session symbolizes innocence and youth and comes to an end with Finny’s actual and symbolic fall, which ushers in the winter session, a time embodied by the hardworking, order-loving Brinker Hadley. The winter session symbolizes the overwhelming burdens of adulthood and wartime, the latter of which intrudes increasingly on the Devon campus.

Finny’s Fall- Finny’s fall demonstrates to Gene that his resentment and envy are not without consequences, as they lead to intense feelings of shame and guilt.

World War II- it symbolizes conflict and enmity, which the novel—or at least the narrator, Gene—sees as a fundamental aspect of adult human life. Ralph, Piggy, Jack, Simon and Roger:

Ralph -represents order, leadership, and civilization.

Piggy- represents the scientific and intellectual aspects of civilization.

Jack- represents savagery and the desire for power.

Simon -represents natural human goodness. Roger- represents brutality and blood lust at their most extreme. Breaking symbolism down for you: Important notes on symbolism 1-Symbolism: The act of substituting things by symbols, or of adding to things a symbolic meaning.

2-Created by Artists in the mid-1800’s to oppose the realism movement.

3-Describe the writing beyond its original and obvious border , as it goes deeper into the meaning of things.

4-All authors of all books read in English 9 are users of symbolism, to make their writing less obvious and more thought provoking.

5-There are symbols everywhere, in marketing logos, religion, and in absurd thesis as the illuminati. Any questions?
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