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Psychology 30: Eating Disorder Project
Transcript of Psychology 30: Eating Disorder Project
http://www.ctvnews.ca/health/letstalk/eating-disorders-on-the-rise-in-canada-as-surfers-wait-for-treatment-1.1151323 Describe public perception of this disorder. There are many elements in which public perception of this disorder is incorrect, a few are listed below:
•“Eating disorders only affect females” This is incorrect because at least 10% of ED sufferers are males.
•“Eating disorders are easy to treat, you go to a psychologist and then you get better” Only 50% of anorexia sufferers fully recover, 30% partially recover, and 20% remain chronic.
•“Eating disorders are just a trend/diet gone bad.” This statement is completely wrong in the fact that it attributes eating disorders to ‘attention-seeking behaviors’ when in reality most individuals with eating disorders attempt to hide their behavior. 150,00- 600,00 people are affected by
eating disorders in Canada 2% of males are affected by eating disorders 18% of women are affected by eating
disorders 10% of people living with anorexia/ bulimia die from health problems or suicide Directly affect 3-4% of individuals worldwide in any given year Why might and individual fear seeking help or revealing that they are affected by the disorder? An individual may fear seeking help or revealing that they are affected by the disorder because they attempt to keep it secret from the very beginning, they also find it difficult to acknowledge they have a problem therefore the sooner they seek help, the sooner they will benefit from treatment. Individuals affected by eating disorders may put off getting treatment because it is scary to think about having to let go of the one thing they feel they have managed to develop control over. It is estimated around 50% of individuals with an eating disorder do not fit the stereotypical individual with an eating disorder, they may be older, a male, and of any demographic group, and this may be an additional reason these individuals fear seeking help. between the ages of 14-25 4-9% of
people in canada are affected by eating disorders binge eating disorder affects 2% of all people
living in canada NEDIC (national eating disorder information center)estimates about 40% of nine years have
dieted to lose weight,even when they were
at normal weight 90-95% of all people affected with eating
disorders are female Did you know?
Anorexia has the highest rate of mortality of any psychiatric illness, it's estimated that 10% of sufferers will die within 10 years after the onset of the disorder. In Airdrie:
Mind Body Soul Wellness offers help to those who suffer with eating disorders, they also offers help and support to the family.
The Airdrie teen clinic offers both help and advice to parents as well as those going through the disease.
The Kids Help Phone is also a good option individual would like to remain anonymous they will direct the individual to the right information and person. The number is : 1-800-668-6868 http://www.canadadrugrehab.ca/Eating-Disorder-Treatment.html http://www.albertahealthservices.ca/4061.asp
http://www.eatingdisordersonline.com TREATMENTS! The successful treatment of eating disorders is contingent on how quickly the person is able to recognize their problem and get help early in the illness. The more prolonged the eating disorder is, the more likely that permanent damage to the body may occur and thus persist even if one is on the road to recovery. Family support is critical, since the individual needs constant support and encouragement to recognize that a healthy weight does not lesson their image in the eyes of those around them. Anorexia is about control and the person becomes obsessed with their appearance therefore psychotherapy is often used in the treatment. There may be hospitalization required and tube feeding to bring the person electrolytes and hydration back to more stable levels (illness has been ongoing for more than 2 years and body weight is 25% below normal).
Treatment generally involves a combination of nutrition education and psychotherapy, including individual and family counseling. Medication may also be useful. Treatment is most effective if started early in the course of the disorder Anorexia Nervosa:
This eating disorder is characterized by the person’s refusal to eat. It may affect any age or gender, but it is most prevalent in young women who are in their late teens or early twenties.
According to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) the four main characteristics of the disease are as follows:
1. The refusal to eat to maintain a normal body weight for one’s age and height; the body weight is at least 15% lower than what is to be expected.
2. The person has an extreme fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, despite the fact they are underweight already.
3. The person has a disturbance in how they perceive their body, size, weight or shape. Their body weight or shape is a major preoccupation on their self-evaluation or they are in denial of how extremely underweight they are and the seriousness of having such a low body weight compared to the normal standards.
4. They also suffer from amenorrhea, which is the abnormal absence of menstruation for duration of three consecutive months.
The physical effects of anorexia are due mainly to the body’s lack of essential nutrients to function normally. Bodily functions slow down to conserve energy and the body draws nutrients from itself. Thus the person becomes weaker and major organs are detrimentally affected. The slowing down of the digestive track causes constipation, abdominal pain which only exacerbates the disease. Menstruation and estrogen levels drop and energy levels in general drop. The person becomes too weak to function and even think properly because they are so poorly nourishes. The most serious consequence is electrolyte imbalance. Electrolytes affect your blood chemistry and the functioning of your nerves and muscles, including your heart. If the imbalance is great enough organs can shut down causing death. Death can also be caused by suicide as major depression often occurs or from starvation. Bulimia Nervosa:
This eating disorder is characterised by binge eating and then purging. The person will eat more than most over a discrete time and have a complete lack of control over the amount of food they consume. The binging, then the compensatory behaviors (purging) to expel the food, occurs, on average, two or more times a week over at least a three month time span. The person will purge by vomiting, using laxatives, diuretics, enemas, fasting or excessive exercising. The binge and purge is the secret of this disease.
The physical effects of bulimia are usually attributed to the purging the individual induces on the body to get rid of the high food intake. Dehydration is the most dangerous side effect, which can cause electrolyte imbalance and damage to major organs such as the kidneys resulting in kidney failure and death. The constant induced vomiting can cause tooth decay, swollen cheeks and salivary glands, chronic sore throats and mouth sores, ruptured stomach and esophagus and acid reflux or ulcers. Depression can lead to suicide, is not as prevalent in bulimic patients as it is in anorexic patients. Binge eating (BED)
This newer classified eating disorder is characterized by eating too much to the point of being uncomfortable, eating rapidly and eating when you are not even hungry. Usually one eats alone because of being ashamed of binge eating, which in turn causes depression and more binge eating. The binge eating occurs 2 or more times per week and lasts for six months or more. The divergence of this disease, from Bulimia Nervosa, is that the afflicted person does not have any compensatory behaviors to purge the food. The BED disorder therefore causes the person to become obese, since they are eating way too much food. Signs and Symptoms •Dry skin and chapped lips
•Poor circulation resulting in pins and needles and/or purple extremities
•Bruising easily and a frail appearance
•Endocrine disorder leading to cessation of periods in girls (amenorrhoea)
•Decreased libido; impotence in males
•Abnormally slow heart rate
•Anaemia (iron deficiency)
•Oedema (retention of fluid giving a “puffy” appearance)
•Stunting of height and growth
•Abnormality of mineral and electrolyte levels
•Thinning of the hair and possible fainting
•Lanugo (growth of fine hair layer all over the body to promote warmth)
•Constantly feeling cold
•Reduction in white blood cell count
•Reduced immune system function
•Reduction of bone density which results in dry and brittle bones (osteoporosis)
•Constipation or diarrheaa
•Tooth decay + brittle fingernails http://www.shinyshiny.tv/censorship-image.jpg