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Direct Object vs. Indirect Object

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Tory LF

on 21 February 2015

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Transcript of Direct Object vs. Indirect Object

What are they?
By definition, an object is a noun or pronoun that gives meaning to the subject and the verb in a sentence.

There are two types of objects:
direct and indirect.
How to identify Direct objects:
You can identify the direct object by using this simple formula:

subject
+
verb
+
who? or what? =
DIRECT OBJECT
Confusing direct objects with subject complements:
It is easy to mistake a direct object for a subject complement.

By definition, a subject complement is:

a clause or phrase that follows a linking verb, such as is, are or was, and complements, or completes, the subject of a sentence by describing or renaming it.
Examples of D.O vs. Subject Complement:
It is important to note that only action verbs can have direct objects.

Therefore, if the verb is a linking one, the word that answers the question “what” or “who” is a subject complement.

The chauffeur accidentally locked his keys in his limousine.

The chauffeur was happy to find a spare key.
Direct objects vs. indirect objects
Direct objects:
Direct objects are nouns, pronouns, clauses and phrases.

Direct objects follow transitive verbs (action verbs that require something or someone to receive the action).

Examples of D.O:
Dennis and Susan ate omelets for breakfast.

Sophia hates when her father lectures her about her grades.
Pronouns as direct objects:
Never use subjective pronouns as direct objects.

When you need a direct object, always use the objective form of the pronoun.

Object pronouns are “me,” “us,” “you,” “him,” “her,” “it,” “them” and “whom.”
Example of pronouns as D.O:
After I give my daughter Olivia a lollipop, she always kisses me with her sticky mouth.
Indirect objects:

Indirect objects are nouns or pronouns that identify to whom or for whom the action of the verb is performed, as well as who is receiving the direct object.

In order to have an indirect object, there is a direct object.

The indirect object typically precedes the direct object and is identified by asking who or what received the direct object.
Examples of I.O:
Samuel sent his aunt a postcard from Martha’s Vineyard.

Marc paints the house for his family.

Alexa gave me her algebra notes.
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