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Claims vs. Opinions

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by

Kelley Dutra

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of Claims vs. Opinions

Is the first sentence a statement that explains what the rest of the paragraph will be about?
3 Elements of Argument
Elements of Argumentative Writing
3. Argument SHOULD have a Counterargument
A counter argument is a brief argument that negates objections that "the other side" is likely to raise.
2. Arguments MUST have Support!
Support MUST come from FACTS and accepted TRUTHS.
Animals in Biomedical Research
Quickwrite
How successful was the author in his/her argument? (Did he/she convince you of his/her claim?)

What was it about the article that was most convincing?
What could he/she have done to make the article a better argument?
What effect did this argument have on you?
1. An Argument MUST have a Claim!
Claims vs. Opinions
Monkeys are the coolest animal at the zoo.
Extra Practice
The vacation time at school should be changed.
This is all nonsense!
Summer is a more enjoyable season than winter because you can enjoy the outdoors without wearing your whole closet at one time.
There should be a foggy day schedule every day of winter to cut down on tardies since the dull weather tempts us to sleep in and come late to school.
O
O
C
O
C
Bottom Line
Claims are opinions supported by evidence that can be argued about.
Opinions alone cannot be argued.
Argument Vs. Persuasion
WRITE THIS DOWN!
Persuasive writing will make use of ethos, pathos, and logos.
PATHOS
Argument writing will ONLY make use of ETHOS and LOGOS.
Logos
Ethos
Review notes on Ethos Pathos and Logos
Take Cornell Notes
Agenda
1. Review and take notes on elements of argumentative writing.

Ex: Some may say that people should not consume twinkies because they are an unhealthy snack, but when one eats a twinkie, it is not for health reasons. Twinkies are meant to be a sweet treat on special occasions, not a healthy meal.
Agenda
1. Finish Elements of Argument notes

2. Read and identify elements in "Use of animals in Biomedical Research"

Objective
In this lesson we will . . .

Identify elements of argumentative writing in text.
Identify Elements of Argument
Claim
Support
Counter Arguments
Claim (Foundation)
Support
Support
Support
Counter Argument
Ethos
Logos
Animal Testing
Do you use these?
Building Your Claim
Is Animal Testing Ever Justified?
Take notes on handout.
1. Choose a side.
2. Turn it into a statement.
Ex: Are you pro- or anti-lanyard?
Pro-lanyard.
Statement: Lanyards should be worn at school at all times.
Claim Frame
Animals (should/should not) be used in medical research.
Now list your three reasons why.
Counter Argument
1. Choose one argument AGAINST you.
Ex: Lanyards are uncomfortable.
2. Explain why it doesn't matter or prove it wrong.
Ex: Even though some may say lanyards are uncomfortable to wear, the safety they provide is more valuable than comfort.
Counter Argument Frames
Even though some may say ______________, in reality________________.
It is true that____________________, but overall_____________________ is more important.
One argument against______________ would be ________________, but this is unimportant compared to__________________.
Agenda
1. Check homework

2. Animal testing videos and notes

3. Choose a side, make an argument

HOMEWORK: Bring SSR book for tomorrow!!!!
Objective
In this lesson we will . . .

make a claim, give support, and create a counter argument for or against animal testing.
The Good. . .
Write down three reasons scientists use animals.
Partner Talk
Discuss the pros and cons of animal testing in medical research.

Which side are you leaning towards more?
Why?
. . . the Bad, and the
Ugly.
How does this video use
Ethos, Pathos and Logos?
Agenda
1. SSR
2. Write two body paragraphs
(HOMEWORK if not finished in class)
Objective
In this lesson we will . . .

Read grade level texts, striving towards proficiency.

Write two body paragraphs using our outlines.
Explain That!
3 Elements of Argument
Claim (Foundation)
Support
Support
Support
Counter Argument
Support
Support
Support
Claim (Foundation)
Counter Argument
V.S.
You must EXPLAIN your support!
Support: Lanyards provide campus safety.
Explanation: All students and staff will be wearing a school-issued ID. This will make intruders and visitors without IDs very obvious. Administration can then take the proper steps to remove those that are unwanted or dangerous.
Nearpod
Write 2 Paragraphs
Start with the first reason on your outline.
This is your topic sentence.
Then, explain your reason in three sentences or more to create a full paragraph.
Use Google Drive!
Peer Edit
1. Share your 2 paragraphs through Google Drive (or trade them on paper)
2. Read through the first paragraph.
Do the following 3 sentences further explain the ideas in the first sentence?
Explanation: All students and staff will be wearing a school-issued ID. This will make intruders and visitors without IDs very obvious. Administration can then take the proper steps to remove those that are unwanted or dangerous.
First sentence: Lanyards provide campus safety.
Example:
Does the paragraph focus on one idea?
Example:
all about finding cures
all about animal abuse
NOT both at the same time.
3. Ask these questions:
Now check the second paragraph in the same way!
Now that you know your strengths and weaknesses, write your third paragraph keeping these questions in mind.
Example:
Lanyards provide campus safety.
Give one, get one!
LEAVE YOUR IPADS AT YOUR DESK!
1. Write down 2 pro-animal testing points.
2. Write down 2 anti-animal testing points.
3. When the music plays, move around the classroom.
4. When the music stops, GIVE your partner 1 of your points and GET 1 point from your partner. (preferably one you don't already have)
REVIEW
Agenda
1. Give one, get one (review)

2. Peer editing paragraphs

3. Write third body paragraph
(HOMEWORK if not completed in class)
Objective
In this lesson we will. . .

edit and write paragraphs using our knowledge of paragraph structure.
Self-check
Use the checklist provided.
Check each paragraph.
Check "as-is" and make corrections after so I can see your adjustments.
Creating Your Introduction
Phase 1: Turning your claim into a three point thesis
A thesis is the LAST sentence in the intro paragraph that tells the reader what the whole essay will be about.
detail
detail
detail
detail
detail
detail
topic sentence
topic sentence
topic sentence
THESIS
detail
detail
detail
Why would it be called a "three point" thesis?
Take notes!
The three points in the thesis tell the reader what the three paragraphs will be about.
Turn your claim into a three point thesis!
Animals should/should not be used in animal testing because ____________, ____________, and ___________________.
Reason 1
Reason 2
Reason 3
Phase 3: Beginning your intro
Start with something interesting (first sentence of your intro)
You may start with a general statement about animal testing.
Phase 2: The Fluff
Comes before the thesis!
Add a fact or two about the situation. (logos)
Example:
Lanyards should be worn at school because they provide campus safety, they provide easy identification, and they encourage school pride.
Example:
A rising trend among public schools is the use of school IDs on lanyards that must be worn daily.
(general statement, explains situation)
Example:
Explain the situation in one sentence.
More than 2 out of 3 public schools are now using this identification system.
Phase 4: Put it all together.
Example:
A rising trend among public schools is the use of school IDs on lanyards that must be worn daily. More than 2 out of 3 public schools are now using this identification system. Lanyards should be worn at school because they provide campus safety, they provide easy identification, and they encourage school pride.
Agenda
1. Check homework

2. Self-edit paragraphs

3. Write introduction paragraph and take notes.
(HOMEWORK if not complete in class)
Objective
In this lesson we will . . .

write introduction paragraphs using our notes and outlines.
General statement
Fluff
Thesis
Reason 1
Reason 2
Reason 3
Agenda
1. SSR

2. Fitting in Counter-argument
YOUR counter argument. . .
should come towards the end of your argument.
Example in article.
Unless it is a separate paragraph, the counter argument must relate to the paragraph you put it into.
Example:
Animals are used in medical research because humans share many similar internal structures with rats and mice. Some people may say that operating on rodents for a human medicine makes no sense since rodents and humans are two different species. In reality, it is very logical since 90% of a rat's organs match a human's.
For animal testing
Against animal testing
For animal testing
Concluding Your Essay
Start with restating your thesis.
Add concluding remarks.
Assure your reader that your argument is the right one.
2-3 sentences (not including thesis)
DO NOT include new information.
Example
Lanyards should be worn at school at all times because they promote campus safety, easy identification, and school spirit. The benefits fully outweigh any complaints about them. For schools seeking a higher quality environment on campus, lanyards with IDs are the way to go.
Thesis
New info
Closing
remark
Label each sentence
Thesis
Closing
remark
Closing
remark
Closing
remark
Revisions
I have given most of you feedback in comments on your Google Drive.
View the comments, make revisions based on the tips I gave you.
Feel free to reply to the comments if I misread something or if you have other questions for me.
Final Drafts DUE:
Next MONDAY, Feb. 3
Make sure you work on it over the weekend!
Have your friends check it!
Have me check it again!
Agenda
1. Write conclusion paragraph (take brief notes)

2. Make revisions, re-writes, catch-up
Objectives
In this lesson we will . . .

Write conclusion paragraphs using our notes.

Make revisions and perfect our essays based on teacher and peer feedback.
Don't forget your counter argument!
Full transcript