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Present Perfect: Active and Passive voice
Transcript of Present Perfect: Active and Passive voice
PASSIVE VOICE 1 Present Perfect Structure has/have + past participle When we used it? 2 Passive Voice I have seen ET. She has not been to Rome EXAMPLES There is always a connection with the past and with the present. Basically
3 uses: 1 experience We are not interested in when you did something. We only want to know if you did it: EXAMPLES He has lived in Bangkok.
Have you been there?
We have never eaten caviar. 2 A change or new information. Change EXAMPLES I have bought a car.
Lucy has broken his leg.
The police have arrested the killer. 3 Continuing Situation This is a state that started in the past and continues in the present (and will probably continue into the future). This is a state (not an action). We usually use for or since with this structure. EXAMPLES I have worked here since June.
He has been ill for 2 days.
How long have you known her? Is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action. When we used it? Structure Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle EXAMPLE A letter was written. the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence EXAMPLE I made a mistake.
A mistake was made by me. 3 Structure have /has + been + past participle of the verb Remember 1. We have not agreed to this issue.
This issue has not been agreed to by us.
2. They have caught the thieves.
The thieves have been caught by them.
3. Has she phoned him?
Has he been phoned by her? EXAMPLES TOGETHER ACTIVITY!!