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Global Issue - Child Labour

A presentation about global child labor issue.
by

Jian Hui Aw

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Global Issue - Child Labour

* Multinational corporations
* Non-government organisations
* Governments and countries around the world
* Consumers...
Global Issue: The Child Labour
Takes away from their childhood
Interferes with their ability to attend regular school
Mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
Country
Nearly all child labour are live in countries where
* Poverty are high
* Trade unions are weak or banned
* Laws on child labour are nonexistent or not enforced
* Education systems are inadequate or nonexistent.
Let's take a closer look...
Agricultural Work
Manufacturing
* Decrease family burden
Pros
Cons
Trafficking
Domestic Services
Child Soldiering
* 250 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 years involved in economic activity in developing countries alone.
* For 120 million of them, work is full-time.
* Approximately 115 million work in the worst forms of child labour
* 98% of child labour live in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East
In rural areas, on small farms or large commercial plantations. Children may work long hours

Coffee, cocoa, tea, sugar, fruits and vegetables, and fish and seafood (that end up on OUR dinner tables!)
Work shops and factories:
In small workshops producing goods to be sold locally.
Producing goods (such as clothes or shoes) for export.
Working for others to pay off debt, often for years and in harsh, dangerous conditions.
* The cycle of poverty continues
* Standards of living remain low
* Communities lack a strong social structure
> Children lack of education and security
> Adults lack of stable jobs to support family
* Well developed countries will have cheap products
* Wealth on the MNCs such as Nike

Important to consider:
* the age of the child
* the environment the child is exposed to
* the type of work being performed
* whether the work takes away from the child's education
Forms of Child Labour
(work preformed by servants in a household)
(removing people by force or deceit from their community and selling them, often in another country)
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inf/wdacl/english.htm
Bordoloi, O. 2010. Origin and Causes of Child Labour and its Possible Solutions. [online] Available at:http://www.lawyersclubindia.com/articles/Origin-and-Causes-of-Child-Labour-and-its-Possible-Solutions-3194.asp#.UnkQ-3CnqPt[Accessed: 5 Nov 2013].
HubPages. 2013. How to Prevent Child Labour ? | Child Labour Still Exist |. [online] Available at:http://sukritha.hubpages.com/hub/ChildLabourStillExist [Accessed: 5 Nov 2013].
ILO.Org. 2013. NGOs. [online] Available at:http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Partners/NGOs/lang--en/index.htm [Accessed: 5 Nov 2013].
http://www.schenectady.k12.ny.us/users/title3/future%20grant%20projects/Projects/Child%20Labor/child.htm
http://www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu/laborctr/child_labor/about/what_is_child_labor.html
http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2013/sep/24/child-labour-drops-worldwide-data
http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/news/WCMS_221568/lang--en/index.htm
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/04/child-labor-countries_n_1183600.html#s588127&title=10_Ethiopia
http://allafrica.com/stories/201306130861.html

The
"Employer"
of Child Labour!
Just DON'T do it
Factors contributing to child labour:
* Poverty
* Market demand and the "New World Economy"
* Limited education system
* Lack of modern technologies

* The effects of income shocks on households

* Inadequate/poor enforcement of legislation and policies to protect children

* Developed countries
Central America - Domestic Services
# In Guatemala and El Salvador, 10 thousands of girls works as domestics, some as young as 8 years old.
South Asia - Carpet Production
# In India, estimated 200,000 and 300,000 children involved in the carpet industry.
West Africa - Cocoa Production
# 70 % of the world's cocoa is grown in the Ivory Coast, Ghana and Nigeria in western Africa.
# Most of the workers are young men and boys, including 284, 000 children.
Kenya - Field Harvesting
# More than a million children who work in fields harvesting coffee, tea, and other crops
# Subject to dangers from pesticides and other assorted injuries that usually go untreated and leave children to suffer
Southeast Asia - Child Sex Tourism
# Child sex tourism is a type of child exploitation that involves adults who travel to other countries to engage in illicit sexual conduct with local child prostitutes.
# A life of prostitution is devastating to a child's physical and emotional well-being.
Colombia - Child Prostitution
# Government does not ally for young prostitutes
# Various agencies have stepped in to help remove young girls from this dangerous profession.
Bolivia - Coal Mining
# Children work at dangerous mining job
# Often replacing older workers who have been injured or killed,
(Forcing children to fight in armed conflict. Both very physically and psychologically damaging to child)
Presented by:
Chong Yoong Ling
Aw Jian Hui
Shareen Jeevan
Ku Hui Hui
Tan Zhi Xuan
* Education
* Health
* Sacrifice childhood
* Affect growth
* Safety threaten
Pros

and

Cons
WHO ARE THE

CULPRIT?
E
V
E
R
Y
B
O
D
Y
!
!
!

Thought
Childhood
Healthcare
Personality Building
Education
Security
How Children are affected?
Effect on local
people
and
the world
Possible Solutions
* Poverty elimination programmes
* Improve and enforce child labour legislation and laws

Government
* Provide access to quality education
* Vocational training
NGO
* Raising public awareness
* "Stop Child Labour Awareness Campaign"
* Joint Projects
* Support Service to working Children

Health Care
NGO and Government should provide proper healthcare to the people
International organisation
Educate yourself:
* Learn about countries where child labour is a problem.
* Find out about companies that are likely to employ children.

Support the cause:
* Get involved in organizations or campaigns that are working to fight child labour and injustices against children.
What

YOU

can do?

There is no trust more sacred than the one the world holds with children. There is no duty more important than ensuring that their
rights are respected
,
welfare is protected
,
lives are free from fear
and they can
grow up in peace
.
- Kofi Annan

Conclusion
Former UN secretary general
Kofi Annan
What is child labour?
References
Thanks for your attention!
Say

NO

to child labor
!
!
!
!
YOU!
ME !
shhh...don't tell anyone
Full transcript