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Copy of 1984 Annotation
Transcript of Copy of 1984 Annotation
- George Orwell, 1984, Book 1, Chapter 9 Definition: existing only in title With no "capital," Orwell's Oceania corresponds with Marx's theory of a complete socialist society, where an government or "state" does not exist. "It was curious to think that the sky was the same for everybody, in Eurasia or Eastasia as well as here. And the people under the sky were also very much the same--everywhere, all over the world, hundreds or thousands of millions of people just like this, people ignorant of one another's existence, held apart by walls of hatred and lies, and yet almost exactly the same--people who had never learned to think but were storing up in their hearts and bellies and muscles the power that would one day overturn the world."
- George Orwell, 1984, Book 1, Chapter 10 Divided by "walls of hatred and lies," the people in Orwell's socialist society are unable to communicate or think collectively. Instead of relying on their untrained minds, people will use the power in their "hearts and bellies and muscles" to free themselves from their socialist chains. In 1984, Orwell fortells of the dangers that society will encounter if it decides to trade freedom for an orderly society. While being a democratic socialist himself, Orwell warns of the horrors that extreme socialism can create in a society. George Orwell wrote 1984 in 1949 to reveal the "perversions" of the socialist theory that become evident in Communism and Fascism during the first half of the 20th Century. Power is not a means, it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship. "The ideal set up by the Party was something huge, terrible, and glittering—a world of steel and concrete, of monstrous machines and terrifying weapons—a nation of warriors and fanatics, marching forward in perfect unity, all thinking the same thoughts and shouting the same slogans, perpetually working, fighting, triumphing, persecuting—three hundred million people all with the same face." Orwell demonstrates the ideology of socialism transformed into an extreme idea. In Oceania, everyone works, fights, and persecutes together, completely abolishing the sense of an individual. Just as under the "sky,"everyone in a socialist society enjoys the same basic freedoms. In Orwell's society, everyone seems to suffer under the same restrictions. Orwell's description of power aligns with the Marxist theory of the worker's revolution. The worker's revolution begins the phase of socialism. After the revolution the working class gains the political, social, and economic power it never had before.