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Transcript of Renaissance Music
Musical Styles and Genres
Musical Notation and Technology
Progressed more during the end of this era
Grendler, Paul. "Music." The Renaissance. 3. New Jersey: 2004.
Harwig, Jason. "Music Styles of Renaissance." .N.p..Web. 2 Dec 2012. <http://academic.mu.edu/meissnerd/renmusic.html>.
Langley, Andrew. Renaissance. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1999. 8, 24, 37, 52, 54. Print.
"Renaissance Music." TIDBIT OF THE MONTH October.Waylands Middle School Band.Web. 2 Dec 2012. <http://bandnotes.info/tidbits/tidbits-october.htm>.
"The Renaissance." Renaissance:1450-1600. N.p..Web. 2 Dec 2012. <http://historyofmusic.tripod.com/id8.html>.
Wilson, Cheryl. "History of Renaissance Era."Maple High School.Maple, Ontario.02 2012. Lecture.
Renaissance = Rebirth
Important concept: Humanism
saving souls and avoiding temptations
exploring people’s individuality
Example of Mensural notation: "Hail Mary full of grace", English Christmas carol, 15th century ~AND~ The same piece transcribed into modern notation
Early notation ~ Neume system
Graduale Aboense, hymn book of Turku, Finland. 14th-15th century.
-there were no bar lines
-the note values were twice or even four times as long as the note values today
-clefs and key signatures were used to minimize the need for ledger lines
-began adding flags and diff. kinds of note heads to show how the duration of the note
-included the pitches of the notes
Many composers depended on their patrons (financially sponsor an artist) and so much of their work was dedicated to their patrons.
churches were built with domes= less echoes
In the 1450s , Johannes Gutenberg introduced the printing press.
New music was easier to reproduce, and so music would easily reach customers faster (ex: Italy to Poland in few months)
Theaters were invented and so music was created to accompany them.
Renaissance music sounds “fuller” than medieval music.
Sacred music consisted of simple 2-line polyphonies due to the influence of the late medieval times.
First composers emphasized contrast between the different strands of music
Songs are more embellished.
More lines of music were given to instruments.
... but later on they aimed to blend the stands of music together
Harmonic chords with four to six distinct voices creating more melody (with bass) = texture
Music is based on modes, but there are more accidentals.
A capella choral music did not need instrumental accompaniment.
-vocal music with four parts
-based on a sacred Latin text for certain occasions including political events
Three types of music: sacred, secular and instrumental
Giovanni Gabrieli ~ Symphoniae Sacrae
Luca Marenzio ~ Solo e pensoso
Two main forms are mass and motet.
Gregorian chant was “dying”.
Mass = choral composition that sets Christian liturgy to music
Sacred music = basis of hymns sung today
Two main forms: madrigals and chansons
Groups of separate voices
More emotion compared to sacred music.
Chansons: songs with French words (stanzas transferred into music)
Madrigal: combination of homophonic and polyphonic vocal textures (complex form sung with a range of different voices)
Based on short poems about love in vernacular text
Great contrast = More drama
Solo singer with instrumental accompaniment
Written with two to four different parts which were played together
Pavane ~ Instrumental Music
WORKS CITED (CONTINUED)