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Transcript of SLAVE LAWS
Consequences for being a Slave Fugitive
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
"Blood Hound Law"- (named after the search dogs)
It stated that runaway slaves were to be returned to their masters.
Northerners ignored this.
It also angered the Northerners because legally they were supposed to return slaves to their owners, whether they were free or not.
This issued to all states including free states.
Because of the Fugitive Slave Act (the "Blood Hound Laws") slaves were returned to their masters after capture.
If no one claimed the runaways they could be set free or sold into servitude at the discretion of the court.
1780 Pennsylvania Abolition Act specifically stated that its rules did not apply to fugitive states.
In Pennsylvania blacks were encouraged to kill their southern masters if threatened with recapture.
A path of safe houses known as stations that slave fugitives/ runaways used to get to the north.
Consisted of Canada, and the free states such as Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin.
Those involved with the railroad were members of the free black community and included former slaves such as Harriet Tubman, northern abolitionist, philanthropists, and church leaders like Quaker Thomas Garrett.
Guides were called "Conductors", "Station masters" and hid slaves in their homes.
Escaped slaves were "Passengers" or "Cargo".
Specific laws regarding slavery from the 1600's to the end of the Civil War.
"The master may determine the kind and degree and time of labor to which the slave shall be subject."
"The master may supply the slave with such food and clothing only, both as to the quantity and quality as he may think proper or find convenient."
"The master may, at his discretion, inflict any punishment upon the person of his slave."
"All the power of the master over his slave may be exercised not by himself only in person but by anyone whom he may dispute as his agent."
"Slaves have no legal rights of property in things, real or personal; but whatever they may aquire, belongs, in point of law, to their masters."
"The Slave being personal chattel, is at all times liable to be sold absolutely, or managed or leased, at the will of his master."
- Chattel means a personal possession -
He may also be sold by process of law for the satisfaction of the debts of a living or the debts and bequests of a deceased master, at the suit of creditors and legatees.
"A slave cannot be a party before a judicial tribunal, in any species of action, against his master, no matter how atrocious may have been the injury received by him."
"Slaves cannot redeem themselves, nor obtain a change of masters, though cruel treatment may have rendered such change neccessary for their personal safety."
"Slaves being objects of property, if injured by third persons, their owners may bring suit, and recover damages for the injury."
"Slaves can make no contract."
"Slavery is perpetual and hereditary."