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Plague and Tularemia
Transcript of Plague and Tularemia
-It can be found all around the world.
-There are three main types. Bubonic Plague -more common type of plague
-Carried by rodent. Human gets through flea bite.
-It is not contagious
-Black Death throughout China, Middle East and Europe
in the fourteenth century. Septicemic Plague -Plague-infected material comes in contact with skin. Invades immune system and blood stream.
-It can also occur as a complication of bubonic fever. Pneumonic Plague -It is rarer and more lethal than the other types
-Travels through air and infects lungs
-Spread by person to person contact and it is highly contagious.
-Spread when cat infects owner
-It would be the most likely type to be used as a biological weapon. Tularemia -"Rabbit fever" or "deer fly fever"
-The bacterium Francisella tularensis causes the disease. It is spread through small mammals like a rabbit or squirrel.
-A person will catch the disease if they come in contact with tissue or body fluids of the infected animal or is bitten by an infected insect, like a tick. A person can also become infected if they ingest undercooked meat of infected animals, ingesting contaminated water, or inhaling contaminated dusts or aerosols.
-It is one of the most contagious diseases. Symptoms and treatment Symptoms Plague -They appear within two to six days of being infected Bubonic Plague
-Painful swelling in lymph nodes
of groin, armpit and neck
-Broken blood vessels
called petechiae Septicemic Plague
-Fever Pneumonic Plague
-shortness of breath
-bloody or watery sputum
-Most prominent is coughing up blood (hemoptysis) Tularemia -Appear within three to five days after exposure -Chills
-Red spots on the skin that
can grow to become ulcers
-Shortness of breath
-Weight loss http://smithvethospital.vetsuite.com/blog/plague-tularemia
Treatment -Plague can be treated.
-receive immediate medical treatment. You should receive antibiotics within 24 hours of the first symptoms.
-Oral medications such as tetracycline or a fluoroquinolone may be used.
- An injection or use of an intravenous medicine of streptomycin or gentamicin antibiotics would be used.
-Alert local or state health department immediately. If not contained, an outbreak will quickly spread.
-Biosafety level 2 or biosafety level 3 -Tularemia is treated much like the plague. The goal is to have it treated with antibiotics.
-The oral medication of streptomycin and tetracycline (like plague) used.
-Treatment using gentamicin is sometimes used in place of streptomycin
-Tetracycline and chloramphenicol can also be alternative options.
-People in high risk areas, are recommended to receive the vaccine.
-There are about 150 cases occurring naturally in the U.S.
-Biosafety level 2 or biosafety level 3
-Vaccine to protect lab workers Buboes in all types Symptoms also vary depending where
the bacteria entered the body.
-most common form is ulceroglandular