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Homestead Act,Dawes Act, and the Indian Reorganization Act

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Ashley Margrey

on 29 November 2014

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Transcript of Homestead Act,Dawes Act, and the Indian Reorganization Act

Acts that affected the Native Americans
Homestead Act (1862)
The Homestead Act encouraged American citizens to settle out west on the plains. This act gave 160 free acres of land to settlers who paid a filing fee of 10 dollars. Another part of the deal was you had to stay on the land you obtained for 5 years and you only had 6 months to get on it, you also had to "improve" the land. To apply for this land you had to be head of the household or a single person that was over 21.

Some reasons the government created this act was to get the land in the west more developed and into the hands of productive farmers. The Homestead Act gave people including farmers an opportunity to live and farm on this land. The government also passed this act to lessen the burden to sell land and to expand economies to the west.

Native Americans were driven out of there land by settlers, especially when railroad companies "moved in", Native Americans lost 63% of their land because of this act. In this act Native Americans and their land were overlooked and sold to settlers, Native Americans were treated unfairly and had no say to do anything.

The Homestead Act was not very successful for settlers, 3 out of 5 owners of land did not prosper on it. Though this act caused farmers to move out west , it had many flaws and problems to it. Though the government did succeed in getting more farmers and building more economies out west eventually.


Dawes Act (1887)
Indian Reorganization Act (1934)
Head of Bureau of Indian Affairs, John Collier pushed to have the Indian Reorganization Act passed. The Indian Reorganization Act overturned the Dawes Act in 1934 by making a shift and letting Indians manage their own affairs. This act restored traditional tribal government and provided money for land purchases which could then be used to enlarge some reservations.

Government passed this act to follow up with President Franklin D. Roosevelt's 'New Deal', this had policies that responded and focused on relief, recovery, and reform. The government needed to do something for the Native Americans, since they were so badly treated, they needed some of each policy that the president's 'New Deal' promised.

Some reactions by the Indians were that they were more self-governing and less controlled by the government or in other words this act also decreased federal control of Indian affairs. Indians weren't a separated government, this act just ensured that they would be supervised by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

The Indian Reorganization Act was successful to the Native Americans allowing them to not totally be stripped of their traditions and practices anymore. They could now have more government recognition and be able to express their culture.
Resources
"Online Student Edition." <i>Online Student Edition</i>. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://www.glencoe.com/ose/showbook.php&gt;.

United States. National Park Service. "About the Homestead Act." <i>National Parks Service</i>. U.S. Department of the Interior, 23 Nov. 2014. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://www.nps.gov/home/historyculture/abouthomesteadactlaw.htm&gt;.

"Cleveland Signs Devastating Dawes Act into Law." <i>History.com</i>. A&E Television Networks. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cleveland-signs-devastating-dawes-act-into-law&gt;.

"Maps of Indian Territory, the Dawes Act, and Will Rogers' Enrollment Case File." <i>National Archives and Records Administration</i>. National Archives and Records Administration. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fed-indian-policy/&gt;.

NebraskaStudies.Org." <i>NebraskaStudies.Org</i>. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0600/frameset_reset.html?http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0600/stories/0601_0200.html&gt;
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"Cleveland Signs Devastating Dawes Act into Law." <i>History.com</i>. A&E Television Networks. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/cleveland-signs-devastating-dawes-act-into-law&gt;.




The Dawes Act aided to give Native Americans private land and to break up nomadic traditions. This act also broke up reservations and identifying each other by tribal names. The government gave Native Americans a plot of reservation land, which then the Native Americans were expected to farm, most Native Americans didn't want to become farmers. Even those who did could not make a profit from the land, it was simply too small, this resulted in most Natives selling the land.

The government passed the Dawes act to stimulate assimilation of Native Americans into the white society, though the Indians saw this as a threat to tribalism. The government also got lots of the Native American's land from this Act, The Natives were left nothing but poor, not useful, and not fertile land.

This act was not very successful for the government or the Native Americans,any Natives hardly assimilated into white society like the government thought. All the Native Americans got from this was their land stolen from them. Next, the Dawes Act did very little to improve conditions for Native Americans.
By Ashley Margrey


"Indian Reorganization Act (1934)." <i>Federal Indian Law For Alaska Tribes</i>. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://tm112.community.uaf.edu/unit-2/indian-reorganization-act-1934/&gt;.

"Gallery For Dawes Act." <i>Gallery For Dawes Act</i>. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://imgarcade.com/1/dawes-act/&gt;.

"Pix For Dawes Act Political Cartoon." <i>Pix For Dawes Act Political Cartoon</i>. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://pixgood.com/dawes-act-political-cartoon.html&gt;.

"President Franklin Roosevelt Signs the Indian Reorganization Act - Timeline - Native Voices." <i>U.S National Library of Medicine</i>. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://www.nlm.nih.gov/nativevoices/timeline/452.html&gt;.

"IRA-Indian Reorganization Act." <i>205's New Deal</i>. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://205snewdeal.weebly.com/ira-indian-reorganization-act.html&gt;.

"Resources." <i>Sales Integrity</i>. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. &lt;http://salesintegrity.com/resources/&gt;.


Resources Cont.
SS 8/ 1-2 A
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