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Work, Exchange, and Technology

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Amanda Carey

on 14 December 2014

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Transcript of Work, Exchange, and Technology

Work, Exchange, and Technology
Including: the development of the American economy and the role of technology, innovation, labor systems, and how government policies influenced the economy
Unit 1: From Columbus to the Thirteen Colonies, 1491-1754
Headright System
Employed by Maryland and Virginia
Encouraged importation of indentured servant workers
Whoever paid the passage of a laborer received the right to 50 acres of land
Caused more than 3/4 of European immigrants to be "white slaves" during the 17th century
What it is:
Related terms:
indentured servants
mercantilism
Colombian Exchange
Joint-Stock Company
Navigation Laws
Encomienda System
Colombian Exchange
What it is:
Beginning after 1492 (when Columbus made it to America), the Colombian Exchange was the transfer of goods, crops, and diseases between America and the Old World.
Related terms:
Smallpox breakout
Capitalism
Encomienda system
Connection:
The Colombian Exchange relates to work, exchange, and technology because it is a great example of an exchange. It was a way for the people of both worlds to try new things and improve old things. It also improved the economy on both sides.
Connection:
The Headright System not only encouraged the importation of indentured servants, but also economic development. This increased population and land ownership.
What it is:
A policy of the Spanish government to "give" Indians to colonies in exchange for the promise to Christianize them. It was part of a Spanish effort to subdue Indian tribes.
Related terms:
Colombian Exchange
Spanish conquistadores
Treaty of Tordesillas
Connection:
The Encomienda system was an exchange of people for the spread of religion, so it was a type of exchange, but it also changed the economy because of the Indians being "given" to the colonists.
What it is:
A joint-stock company was a short-term partnership between multiple investors to fund a commercial enterprise, initially used to fund England's early colonial ventures.
Related terms:
Charter
Virginia Company
Jamestown
Connection:
Joint-stock companies relate to work, exchange, and technology because they were a way for people to work together to start a new life in a new place.
What they are:
The Navigation Laws were passed in 1651 to regulate colonial shipping. They stipulated that only English ships would be allowed to trade in English and colonial ports. Because of this, smuggling became increasingly common and even an honorable occupation.
Related terms:
Glorious Revolution
Dominion of New England
Sir Edmund Andros
Connection:
These laws are related to exchange because they limited exchange. Colonists could no longer trade as they wanted because everything had to go through England.
Works Cited
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Company
http://apworldhistory2012-2013.weebly.com/414-the-colossal-impact-of-the-colombian-exchange.html
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/12/27/1265498/-The-slaves-that-time-forgot#
http://www.noufors.com/celebrities_and_ufos.htm
http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ma/county/plymouth/books/bay/set2/chap11.htm
http://www.ushistory.org/us/11.asp
http://mikethehistoryguy.blogspot.com/2013/05/who-made-first-american-flag-not-betsy.html
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/2661/2725147/images/img_ah3_p025.html
http://www.geni.com/blog/american-civil-war-records-and-genealogy-334671.html
http://www.beinglatino.us/uncategorized/is-the-encomienda-system-coming-to-america/
http://rushcanvas.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/58828777/Mercantilism.JPG
https://symonsez.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/quartering-act.jpg
http://www.seacoastnh.com/arts/res/stamps.jpeg
http://www.virginiamemory.com/docs/crop?h=199&w=250&img=/docs/StampActBroadside.jpg&crop=cx
http://raglinen.com/project/1767-9/
http://www.nps.gov/common/uploads/teachers/assets/images/B2AFF1EF-155D-451F-67AC372430A2C5CA/B2AFF1EF-155D-451F-67AC372430A2C5CA.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Jay's-treaty.jpg
http://www.robinsonlibrary.com/america/unitedstates/1783/1789/1797/graphics/xyz.gif
http://www.sonofthesouth.net/texas/pictures/louisiana-purchase.jpg
https://figures.boundless.com/8100/full/pinckney.gif
http://www.bl.uk/britishlibrary/~/media/bl/global/english-online/collection-items-manual/c/r/u/cruikshank-george-massacre-an00062823_001.jpg
http://manufacturingbusiness.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/factory-system.jpg
http://web.bryant.edu/~ehu/h364proj/summ_99/hutchinson/images/womenwanted.gif
http://www.kshs.org/cool3/graphics/cottongin.png
http://www.history.com/images/media/slideshow/slavery-the-battle-over-slavery/underground-railroad-gettysburg.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e8/13th_Amendment_Pg1of1_AC.jpg
http://www.jeffstarkbooks.com/files/reconstruction%20act.jpg
Unit 2: The American Revolution
Unit 3: The Critical Period
Unit 4: The Era of Good Feelings and the Rise of Mass Democracy
Unit 5: Slavery, Civil War, and Reconstruction
Mercantilism
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Quartering Act
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Stamp Tax
Declaratory Act
Townshend Acts
Whiskey Rebellion
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Jay's Treaty
XYZ Affair
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Pinckney's Treaty
What it is:
Connection:
Related terms:
Louisiana Purchase
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Tariff of 1816
American System
Panic of 1819
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Factory System
Lowell System
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Cotton Gin
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Popular Sovereignty
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Underground Railroad
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Thirteenth Amendment
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Reconstruction Act
What it is:
Related terms:
Connection:
Mercantilism is an economic theory that links a nation's political and military power to its bullion reserves. The British embraced this idea because it justified their control over the colonies.
Imports/Exports
Navigation Law of 1650
Currency shortage in colonies
Mercantilism relates to exchange because of the direct connection with importing and exporting. Britain controlled the colonies with mercantilism and that had a direct effect on the imports and exports between the two places.
The Quartering Act of 1765 was an act that required colonists to provide food and quarters for troops. It was resented by many colonists.
Sugar Act
Stamp Act
Prime Minister George Grenville
The Quartering Act relates to the work of the government that effected the economy of the colonies. The colonists had to pay for these soldiers, so it affected the economy.
The Stamp Tax of 1765 was a tax on many paper goods. Stamps were required on bills of sale for about fifty trade items and on commercial and legal documents like playing cards, pamphlets, newspapers, diplomas, bills of lading, and marriage licenses. This is also where 'no taxation without representation' came from.
Quartering Act
Sugar Act
Prime Minister George Grenville
The Stamp Act relates to work because the work of the British government hurt the economy in the colonies. With the extensive taxes, it became difficult to pay them all.
The Declaratory Act, which was passed in 1766, was passed at the same time that the Stamp Act was repealed. It stressed Parliament's unqualified sovereignty of the colonies.
Stamp Act
Sugar Act
Quartering Act
The Declaratory Act relates to work because it was at the same time as the repeal of the Stamp Act. It was at a time when the economy would increase, but was an effort to keep control over the colonies.
The Townshend Acts, passed in 1767, called for indirect levies on glass, white lead, paper, paint, and tea. The money would be used to pay colonial governors.
Stamp Act
Quartering Act
Declaratory Act
The Townshend Acts relate to work because it was another tax and that directly affected the economy.

The Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 was an uprising of whiskey distillers in Pennsylvania against an excise tax on whiskey. The rebellion was put down by Washington, showing the strength of the new central government.
George Washington
Excise tax
Alexander Hamilton
The Whiskey Rebellion relates to work because of the effect on the economy. It was caused by an excise tax on whiskey and that caused a problem with the people who made whiskey in the South.
Jay's Treaty of 1794 was a treaty negotiated by Chief Justice John Jay. It stipulated that Britain would evacuate outposts on US soil and pay damages for seized American vessels and America would repay pre-Revolutionary war debts and abide by Britain's trading policies towards France.
Treaty of Greenville
Pinckney's Treaty
Farewell Address
Jay's Treaty relates to work and exchange because it changed the economy by agreeing to pay debts and abide by trading policies. It also applies to exchange because it is basically an agreement to exchange promises between countries.
The XYZ Affair of 1797 was a diplomatic conflict between France and the US. American envoys to France were asked to pay a bribe of $250,000 for the privilege of meeting with the French foreign minister. Because of this, many Americans called for a war against France.
Franco-American Treaty of 1778
John Marshall
John Adams
The XYZ Affair is an example of work because it would have affected the economy. John Marshall was seen as a hero because he saved the US from paying money for something that should have been free.
Pinckney's Treaty of 1795 was signed with Spain. Spain was fearing an Anglo-American alliance and this treaty grated free navigation of the Mississippi River and the territory of Florida. This was in response to Jay's Treaty.
XYZ Affair
Jay's Treaty
Farewell Address
Pinckney's Treaty relates to work because it was a benefit to the American economy to have access to the entire Mississippi River and Florida. This was especially beneficial because America did not have to give anything in return to Spain.
The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 was the acquisition of the Louisiana Territory from Spain. It more than doubled the territory of the US. The deal was made between Jefferson and Napoleon. It helped avoid rupture with France and the consequent alliance with England.
Thomas Jefferson
Lewis and Clark
Corps of Discovery
The Louisiana Purchase relates to exchange because it was an exchange of land for money. This purchase was very beneficial for American because it greatly expanded the land of America so it could expand and thrive.
The Tariff of 1816 was the first protective tariff in American history. It was created to shield New England manufacturers from the inflow of British goods after the war of 1812.
American System
Panic of 1819
Henry Clay
The Tariff of 1816 relates to work because it changed the economy by protecting it. This raised nationalism in America as well.
Portrait of John C. Calhoun, gave a speech about the tariff.
The American System was a three-pronged system to promote American industry that was instituted in the 1820s. The system was proposed by Henry Clay and advocated a strong banking system, a protective tariff, and a federally funded transportation network.
Henry Clay
Tariff of 1816
Panic of 1819
The American System was meant to help industry, which in turn would have helped the economy. This is how it relates to work.
Henry Clay
The Panic of 1819 was a severe financial crisis that was caused by the efforts of the Bank of the United States to curb over-speculation on western lands. It disproportionately affected the poorer classes, especially in the west.
Jacksonian Democracy
Era of Good Feelings
American System
The Panic of 1819 relates because it was a financial crisis so it relates to work. The economy was in ruins after this.
The Factory System came about because of Samuel Slater bringing the knowledge of cotton spinning machines to America. This stimulated domestic manufacturing.
Samuel Slater
Lowell System
Cotton
The Factory System is an example of technology because it took technology from England and brought it to America and perfected it. This in turn helped the American economy.
The Lowell system is the process of recruiting young farm women to work in factories by housing them in company dormitories.
Factory System
Samuel Slater
Cotton
The Lowell system relates because it was a way to further the factory system and put the technology to use.
Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793, the cotton gin sped up the process of harvesting cotton. The gin made cotton cultivation more profitable, revitalizing the Southern economy and increasing the importance of slavery in the South.
Slavery
Eli Whitney
Cotton
The cotton gin was a piece of technology that was invented to make the harvesting of cotton an easier project and that it did. Because of this, slavery became more important, affecting the whole Southern economy.
Popular sovereignty was the notion that the sovereign people of a given territory should decide whether to allow slavery. It was largely opposed by Northern abolitionists who feared it would promote slavery into the territories.
Slavery
General Lewis Cass
President James K. Polk
Popular sovereignty relates to work because it would decide for or against slavery in the territories and that would change the economies of those territories.
General Lewis Cass
The Underground Railroad was an informal network of volunteers that helped runaway slaves escape from the South and reach free-soil Canada. Because of this, Southern planters and congressmen pushed for a stronger fugitive slave law.
Slavery
Harriet Tubman
Fugitive Slave Law
The Underground Railroad is related because it hurt the economy of the South. Plantation owners were losing slaves and that hurt them because there was no one to work for them.
A secret hiding place that was once part of the Underground Railroad. The cupboard slides to reveal a small crawlspace.
The Thirteenth Amendment was passed in 1865. It was a constitutional amendment that prohibited all forms of slavery and involuntary servitude. Former Confederate states were required to pass the amendment before reentering the Union.
Slavery
Emancipation Proclamation
Abraham Lincoln
The Thirteenth Amendment is related to work because it freed all slaves. It was a good step for the country, but the economy of the South would forever be changed because there would no longer be free labor.
The Reconstruction Act was passed by the newly elected Republican Congress in 1867. It divided the South into 5 military districts, disenfranchised former confederates, and required that Southern states both ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and write state constitutions guaranteeing freedmen the franchise before gaining readmission to the Union.
Slavery
Thirteenth Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
The Reconstruction Act is related to work because it completely changed the structure of the South. States were forced to change their structure, which would change the economy.
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