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Creating an Ethical, Informative Speech
Transcript of Creating an Ethical, Informative Speech
Ethical Public Speaking
Greek word meaning character/how one establishes their credibility
JFK Nixon Debate
Make a Positive Contribution to Public Discourse
Public Discourse: Speech involving issues of importance to the larger community.
Be Trustworthy: A combination of honesty and dependability. Support points accurately, with credible sources.
Observe Ethical Rules for Public Speaking
The passing off of another person's information as one's own, or the use of other people's ideas or words without acknowledging the source.
To inform is to communicate knowledge. Informative speeches bring new topics and information to light, offer new insights about subjects with which we are familiar, and demonstrate how to do things.
The Informative Speech
Focus on sharing knowledge;
Purpose of the Informative Speech
Speeches about objects or phenomenon: Explore anything that isn't human;
Categories of Informative Speeches
Defining: Identify the essential qualities and meaning of something: operational definition, definition by negation, definition by example, definition by synonym, definition by etymology.
Decide how to convey the information
Use analogies to build on prior knowledge:
Analogies relate what you are talking about to something the audience already knows.
Arranging a Speech
Arrange your speech points in a pattern that makes sense for your speech.
Tips of the trade for your informative speech
Arrange your speech in a way that makes sense for your speech.
Establish positive ethos
Competence-Grasp of the subject matter;
Good moral character-reflected in speaker's trustworthiness, straightforwardness, and honest presentation of message;
Goodwill-demonstrated by speaker's knowledge and respect of an audience.
Make a positive contribution to public debate.
Be willing to engage in dialogue
Demonstrate Respect: Address the audience members as unique human beings and refraining from any personal attacks. Focus on issues rather than personalities, avoid generalizations and stereotyping the audience.
Make Responsible Choices: Focus on your purpose; what is your evidence and reasoning; is the content and evidence accurate; use emotional appeals (pathos) honestly.
Demonstrate Fairness: Make a genuine effort to see all sides of your issue and be open-minded.
Any sources requiring credit in written form should be acknowledged in spoken/oral form: direct quotations, paraphrases, and summarized information all need proper citation.
When in doubt, cite it. Rarely will you be penalized for having too many sources or citations.
Enlighten rather than advocate;
Informative speeches do not seek to persuade.
Tell the audience why they should listen to you early on.
Speeches about people: Inform audiences about individuals and groups who have made contributions to society.
Speeches about events: Focus on noteworthy occurrences, past and present.
Speeches about processes: Refer to a series of steps that lead to a finished product or end result.
Speeches about concepts: Focus on abstract or complex ideas, theories, or beliefs.
*Speeches about issues: An issue is a problem or a matter in dispute, one that people seek to bring to a conclusion.*
Description: Provide details to paint a mental picture of your topic.
Demonstration: Explain how something works or actually demonstrate it.
Explanation: Providing reasons or causes, demonstrate relationships, offer interpretation and analysis.
Demonstrate underlying causes:
Address common misconceptions and offer an accurate explanation of underlying causes.
Appeal to different learning styles:
Reinforce your points with other media because everyone processes information differently.
For issue-based informative speeches: Topical, chronological, casual, or circular;
All speeches should have
Thesis and preview statements
Three main points to prove the thesis
Conclusion restates the thesis and a review statement.
In the intro tell audience members what you hope they will learn from listening to you.
Stress the topic's relevance to your readers.
Use definition, description, explanation, and demonstration to convey ideas.
Use analogies to make your examples familiar
Choose an organizational pattern based on your goals, your topic, audience needs.
Follow the rules for ethical public speaking;
Cite your sources; do not plagiarize;
Start thinking of speech topics and purpose statements;
Start thinking of ways to convey your information so as to not cause confusion;
Arrange your speech in a way that makes sense for your speech topic;
Follow the tips for delivering a better informative speech.