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Introduction in Rhetoric: AP Language & Composition

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Jennifer Gibson

on 11 August 2011

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Transcript of Introduction in Rhetoric: AP Language & Composition

An Introduction to Rhetoric Adapted from the website Silva Rhetoricae
& the books "The Language of Composition" & "Thank You for Arguing"
Jennifer Gibson
Chestatee High School Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) defined RHETORIC as "the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion." (Shea, et al. 1) Or, you can say that rhetoric is a way of thinking and speaking that causes you to communicate effectively, including the rational exchange of opposing views Key Elements of Basic Rhetoric: Context
A Thesis, Claim, or Assertion (they all mean the same thing)
Speaker Turn to page 1 in your textbook and let's read Lou Gehrig's "Farewell to Baseball" speech. Make sure you read the intro so you can get the full CONTEXT of the speech. Now, look at your "Key Elements of Basic Rhetoric" and use those to analyze Gehrig's speech. Prepare to discuss as a group! Speaker Subject Audience Aristotle's Triangle Aristotle's triangle shows the interaction amongst the speaker, subject, and audience AND how it determines the structure and the language used in the argument. The importance of the SPEAKER:
They choose the subject
They evaluate the subject: What do they know about it? What have others said about it? What kind of evidence or proof will support their decision?
Writers often assume a PERSONA--the character the speaker creates when he or she writes or speaks--depending on the context, purpose, subject, and audience.
Shea, et al. 4 The importance of the AUDIENCE:
What do they know about the subject?
What is their attitude toward it?
Is there common ground between the writer's and reader's views on the subject?
Each audience requires you to use different information to shape your argument effectively.
Shea , et al. 4 Speaker, Audience, & Subject all effect STYLE it's defined as "the distinctive quality of speech or writing created by the selection and arrangement of words and figures of speech"
Shea, et al. 1012 You know what STYLE is, you just might not identify it using these terms. Let's look at some examples you know: You will vary your writing/speaking style depending on your audience, subject, and purpose The importance of PURPOSE:
A purpose or goal is something the speaker/writer wants to achieve
Do you want to win agreement?
Persuade someone to take action?
Present a proposal?
Secure support?
Bring about a favorable descision?
Shea, et al. 2 The importance of CONTEXT:
Context is the OCCASION, TIME and PLACE that something was written or spoken.
Any time you read a work, you must consider the context in which it was written.
It can sometimes arise from current events or cultural bias. Ex: Someone writing about freedom of speech in a community that has experienced hate graffiti must take that context into account and adjust the purpose of their piece to avoid offending the audience.
Shea, et al. 2-3
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