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Gendered Speech: sex as a factor of linguistic choice
Transcript of Gendered Speech: sex as a factor of linguistic choice
factor of linguistic choice Nature VS Culture Nature Culture Choice Examples - Japan(1950s-1980s): the average pitch of male voices rose significantly
- (1997) women spoke with a higher pitch in Japanese than in English, while men's pitch was the same for both languages Sex A compulsory exercise, reproduction
Gender A cultural achievement, an art Difference
domination? The difference approach - Variation due to the role of women as principal caregivers in child-rearing
- Variation due to different socialization patterns The dominance approach - Sex-specific variation in language behaviour expresses and reinforces power differentials
- Instrumental function of language
-Language has the power to influence or determine thought Eclectic approach - Language is an open system which allows us to make choices
- Gender is a holistic and dynamic concept Gender and phonetic variation
(sociophonology) Gender across cultures - Gender and language are mediated by social practice
- Difference approach: Gender-specific speech forms can be part of a cultural system and an ideology which contribute to sustaining unequal power relationships
- Dominance approach: the degree of equality of the sexes is a measure of progress Distribution of –in pronunciation Social Groups percentage of -in Language reform Avoidance of sexist expressions on the syntactic, lexical and morphological level.
Changes were enacted first in academic circles and then in public circles.
Language reform is a social movement