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Magma

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by

Michael Fuguet

on 12 April 2016

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Transcript of Magma

Magma cools to form igneous rock
Felsic Igneous Rock
Crystals form deep in the earth!
Mafic Igneous Rock
Extrusive (Volcanic)
Cools Quickly
Dark Color
Smaller Crystals
THE ROCK CYCLE
The continual process by which new rock forms from old rock material.

Weathering
is the break down of rocks which creates sediment.

Three Types of Sedimentary Rock:
Clastic
Chemical
Organic
Decayed plants and animals
Dissolved minerals
Solid sediment
Regional Metamorphism
Contact Metamorphism

Intrusive (Plutonic)
Slow Cooling
Light Color
Erosion
is the transportation/movement of sediment.
Deposition
is the settling of sediment in low lying land areas or in bodies of water.
Once sediments are deposited,
lithification
(compaction/cementaion) can occur. A sedimentary rock is BORN!
When pressure builds up in rock that is buried deep below other rock formations or when large pieces of the Earth's crust COLLIDE with each other!
Occurs when magma is in direct contact with surrounding rock
Rocks can follow various pathways!
Natural causes that break rock: wind, water, and ice
Metamorphic rocks form when pre-existing rocks are subjected to intense heat and pressure
Full transcript