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Medical Advances During Cold War
Transcript of Medical Advances During Cold War
By: Munira Sultan
The Cold War had major impact on medicine. The use of radiation improved medical treatment and health. Diseases that would have killed you back during the cold war are now usually treatable or maybe even curable.
Impact on future medicine
After the war the health of children started to get better. Vaccines against polio, measles,, and rubella were developed. Treatments were advancing for children with heart disease. They also started tests for defects in babies such as Down's Syndrome.
The discovery of DNA, made by Wilkins, Crick, and Watson who used work done by Rosalind Franklin, was one of the most important medical advances. It helped researchers identify specific genes that are responisble for specific diseases.
Discovery of DNA
In 1954, a special kidney transplant succeeded in Boston. The surgery was on Richard and Ronald Herrick who were identical twins. Richard was dying of kidney disease so Ronald decided to donate one of his kidneys which was successfully transplanted into Richard.
First Successful Organ Transplant
Many advances were made for pregancy and childbirth. For example the use of epidurals which is used to ease difficult pain. The chance of infant survival increased as medical knowledge developed.
Many new drugs have also been created. One of many were the Streptomycin, was used successfully to treat tuberculosis. Streptomycin was capable of treating many other diseases. It was later found out that to much use of TB would cause TB germ developing a resistance to its use.