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The War of 1812 Prezi
Transcript of The War of 1812 Prezi
The Parties that were Fighting
The Big Names in the War
The Major Battles Fought & What Happened
The War of 1812
Who Won the War?
Short-Term effects of the War
Long-Term Benefits from the War for Upper & Lower Canada
If the War had a Different Outcome, How Could Things have Been Different in North America Today?
Hmm. . .
: The impressment of American sailors meant that Britain's Royal Navy were to inspect the crew and seize sailors accused of being deserters of British ships. Incidents caused frustration for the Americans, causing them to go to war.
The war was a battle between the United States of America and Great Britain/Canada. Canada was not yet an individual Country, they were still a part of Britain.
After the Americans became an independent Country, Great Britain and France were at war because of the Napoleonic war, where Napoleon wanted to extend France. When both sides accused America of supplying their opponents, the impresment of American sailors was put into place. When accidents occurred, the Americans got frustrated and declared war on Britain. Another factor that got Americans aggravated was the Embargo act of 1807 which was passed by Thomas Jefferson which did more damage than anything else and did not achieve its objective.
The Embargo Act of 1807
: This was a law passed by Thomas Jefferson, the U.S President at the time. This law prevented all trade between America. The goal of this law was to get Britain and France to stop restricting American trade. It back fired and the Americans suffered from it.
Great Britain, Canada and the Natives
The United States of America
The Americans force was outnumbered by their opponents. but could have taken Canada alone (without Britain). Also, The War of 1812 was considered the Americans worst war because of all the casualties and killed soldiers.
There were many great leaders and heroes in the war of 1812. Here are some major leaders.
Sir Isaac Brock
Sir Isaac Brock; The Canadian Hero
Sir Isaac Brock was a Canadian hero in the war. Because of his strategic brilliance, he was able to defeat the U.S in all of his early battles in the war, but died a hero at Queenston Heights.
Tecumseh; The Natives Leader
Tecumseh was a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy known as Tecumseh's confederacy. He opposed the United States in the war and aided the British and Canadians. He became an iconic hero in Aboriginal, American and Canadian history. He died in the battle at Thames and after his death, the tribes stopped fighting and the Americans took hold of all the territory south of the Great Lakes.
The American's Leader
Andrew Jackson was the most notable leader on the American side. In the battle of New Orleans, he gained national fame. His fame from his battle was one of his main contributing factors to his presidency (becoming a president).
Here are the major battles fought and what happened in them:
Battle at Fort Detroit
Here is where Fort Detroit is located.
Brock and Tecumseh took on the Americans with only one-thousand units ( four-hundred being Britain's units) while the Americans had two-thousand five hundred units. The British fooled the Americans by making it appear as if they had more units by dressing the militia to look like regulars and built each man his own cooking fire. He also had many soldiers walk in and out of the forest to make it seem like there was a lot more people than there actually was. When the American General William Hull saw this, he surrendered and turned over supplies. This win allowed for the defense of other parts of Upper and Lower Canada.
The Battle at Queenston Heights is probably the most well known battle in the War of 1812, and was not fought far from Niagara. During October, the Americans invaded Queenston and captured the high ground, forcing the British's force to fire down at the river. General Brock rushed the attack and got shot. His death slowed the Americans just enough to allow the British to advance and push the Americans down to the river. The British may have won, but they lost a great leader.
Location of Queenston Heights
The Battle at York (Toronto)
In April, fourteen American ships with seventeen-hundred soldiers in them sailed across Lake Ontario to defeat the small British garrison. This battle proved to the British they were able to attack the heart of Upper Canada.
This is the location of York.
The battle at Stoney Creek took place June 6th, 1813. The American forces were in Upper Canada after they conquered York and they were near Stoney Creek. The British planned a night attack to surprise the larger American force. This was only a partial success because the British missed the main American camp. Eventually, the Americans retreated to the American side of the Niagara River, leaving the field in command for the British. Although many soldiers from both sides died, it was considered a great victory to the British.
Beaver Dams (Thorold)
On June 24, 1813, about five-hundred fifty American soldiers were camping at Queenston. The commander, Charles Boerstler, and his officers were stationed at an inn owned by the Secord family. When Boerstler and his officers went over his plan, Laura Secord overheard their plan and traveled on foot to tell the British commander. When he heard the news, he prepared an army of 80 soldiers and 250 Kahnawake Mohawk warriors at Beaver Dam. The Americans main force advanced and was caught in furious crossfire. Boerstler was wounded and the Mohawk had surrounded them. The British General, Fitzgibbon, offered protection from the Mohawks if they would surrender. The Americans surrendered and the battle was over.
Here's a couple scenarios that would've changed things:
What if the U.S captured Canada?
Here's the Battle Plan on Cryslers farm:
In November, more than thirteen thousand American soldiers began an advance down the St. Lawrence toward Montreal. The British and Native force of around nine hundred had set up a defence around Cryslers farm. The Americans sent a force of two thousand men and the British held firm and the Americans retreated. The advance on Montreal was stopped.
Location of Beaver Dam:
In July, the Americans attacked the Britain's heavy force of seventeen hundred units with only fifteen hundred of their own men. The battle was fought hard and lasted from the afternoon well into the night. Each side lost more than 800 men, but the Americans retreated to never attack Canada again. This battle had the heaviest casualties of any battle on Canadian soil in Canadian History. The war was almost over.
Location of Lundy's Lane:
Washington and Baltimore
In retaliation for the Americans burning towns in Upper Canada, the British forces attacked and Burned Washington in August 1814. They attacked government buildings such as the White house. They later did the same to Baltimore and shelled Fort McHenry, which protected the Baltimore harbour. Within Months, the war was over and the treaty of Ghent was signed.
A piece of the newspaper during the War of 1812, while the events of the war make the headlines:
British: The British could be looked at as the winner (even though there were no boundary changes) because they lost fewer men than the Americans. The British had a total of eight thousand five hundred killed or injured and the U.S had about twelve thousand. Also, The British won the majority of the battles in the war and burned Washington's White house in the last battle. Another reason is because the British's goal was to keep America from capturing Canada which they did. Also, the Americans were the ones to surrender and had to create a peace treaty.
Agriculture significantly declined because many farmers were fighting in Militia. Also because many crops were damaged through their fighting.
The food supply was threatened because of a series of small harvest.
The import business prospered because of goods transported to troops from Canada to Britain. Merchants also made lots of money.
Militia volunteers came forward rapidly because of the prominent people urging them to do everything they could to resist the enemy.
What if the British Defeated America?
Alliances of the United States:
Cherokee and other Native Creek allies
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
British North America
Province of Lower and Upper Canada
Shawnee and Tecumseh's Confederacy
America: America might have been looked at as the winner because they were still an independent Country and the British did not regain them. Also, because the Impressment of American sailors was lifted and never returned. Because of the war, the U.S also gained international fame and loss no territiories.
The possibility of Canada losing the war would have probably been very great without Britain to defend us, because Canada had a much smaller population than America. So if Canada would have been captured, the area around Quebec and Ontario would all be American. But if the Americans didn't want to expand to the west since they already had the East, Maybe the area around B.C could have developed its own Country. And if we were American, we would be better at baseball than hockey. Just saying.
Very likely that Canada alone could have lost against the Americans.
Canada, at the time, was a province in Britain.
Tecumseh was the leader of the Shawnee and Tecumseh's Confederacy. Tecumseh died in battle.
If the British defeated America, then the U.S would have lost a lot of territory and the path to the Pacific would have been blocked. Also, their expansion to the West might have not occurred and the U.S would not have become as strong as they are today.
What if the War never happened?
If the War never happened, then, obviously, America and Britain would have not lost their men in battle and the White House would not have been burned down. Also, the Impressment of American sailors might have still been in place and America would have suffered. Also, Canada may not have become independent and the Americans would not have International reputation or Continental power they have today. (same for the British)
If Canada Still had Detroit, then the U.S would not have their most populous city in the State of Michigan. Detroit is sometimes called Hockey Town. Detroit is known for their production of automobiles and is often called Motor City too. Detroit is currently in the largest Municipality bankruptcy filling in U.S history by debt at estimated nineteen billion dollars. Also, if Canada had Detroit, the Red Wings would be a Canadian hockey team. The Red Wings would dominate as a Canadian team like their dominating the Eastern Conference now..
What if Canada Still had Detroit?
In Lower Canada, towns such as Quebec City and Montreal had become prosperous centers of trade and transportation. In Upper Canada the flow of British funds affected the economy of the province from one end to the other. Kingston thrived on the work provided by its busy ship yards. Farmers had no issues selling their produce at high prices near military centers.
There is no obvious winner, but there is an obvious loser. The Natives lost a lot of land to the British including all lands west of the Ohio to the United States. The Americans also showed they had no intention on Aboriginal rights. The Americans assumed that because of their independence, they were titled to all the land east of Mississippi. When the war of 1812 started, Tecumseh disliked the British, but despised the Americans more, so he sided with the British. The Natives aided the British in battle and their help was critical in some battles. When the British were discussing the treaty, the British actually asked for Indian territory but the Americans did not agree. But with the growth of Upper Canada, the First Nations were outnumbered in their own land and Canada took over. It was like they forgot that without the help of Tecumseh and the other First Nations, they potentially could have lost to the Americans.
Losers of the War