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Frank Lloyd Wright
Transcript of Frank Lloyd Wright
Designs his own home in Oak Park, IL Drafting Room Begins working with Adler and Sullivan Designs the Wainwright Building Exterior Wainright Building Works Cited "Wright on the Web: The Early Years." Wright on the Web: The Early Years. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2012. <http://www.delmars.com/wright/flw1.htm> "Timeline of Frank Lloyd Wright's Life." Frank Lloyd Wright : Timeline of Wright's Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2012. <http://www.planetclaire.org/fllw/timeline.html>. The 1890's Designs the Charnley House, Chicago, IL Wright opens his own practice in Chicago Designs Francis Apartments for Terre Haute Trust Company 1891 1893 1895 Was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 500 works Frank Lloyd Wright Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture This philosophy was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture" Overview Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States. His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. Prairie School was a late 19th and early 20th century architectural style, most common to the Midwestern United States. The style is usually marked by horizontal lines, flat or hipped roofs with broad overhanging eaves, windows grouped in horizontal bands, integration with the landscape, solid construction, craftsmanship, and discipline in the use of ornament. "Usonian Homes" were typically small, single-story dwellings without a garage or much storage, L-shaped to fit around a garden terrace on odd (and cheap) lots, with native materials, flat roofs and large cantilevered overhangs for passive solar heating and natural cooling, natural lighting with clerestory windows, and radiant-floor heating Designs house for Walter Gale, Oak Park, IL Designs house and stables for William H. Winslow, River Forest, IL Floor Plans A documentary on Wright YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V3VmhLB7IqM>.
1900's Prarie Houses Designs the Willets House Designs the Edwin H. Cheney House Takes his first trip to Japan 1901 1903 1905 Willits house is considered the first of the great Prairie houses. Built in the Chicago suburb of Highland Park, Illinois, the house presents a symmetrical facade to the street. The plan is a cruciform with four wings that extend out from a central hearth. In addition to art-glass windows and wooden screens that divide rooms, Wright also designed most of the furniture in the house. Frank Lloyd Wright's design of this residence for electrical engineer Edwin Cheney is a superb brick house with the living and sleeping rooms all on one floor under a single hipped roof (reminiscent of the design Heurtley House). Here, however, there is a less monumental and more intimate quality to the house partly because it is not raised a full story off the ground, and partly because of the way its windows are nestled in between the wide eaves of the roof and the substantial stone sill that girdles the house. Above text taken from Guide to Frank Lloyd Wright & Prarire School Architecture in Oak Park by Paul E. Sprague, 1986 1904 Designs his first major public work A result of his friendship with Larkin Soap Company executive Darwin D. Martin, Frank Lloyd Wright built his first major public work, the Larkin Administration Building at 680 Seneca Street, Buffalo, New York. It was during this trip that Wright seriously developed an interest in Japanese culture and design and began collecting Japanese prints - an interest that he will adapt into some of his future designs. Designs the Unity Temple Interior Unity Temple is considered to be one of Wright's most important structures dating from the first decade of the twentieth century. Because of its consolidation of aesthetic intent and structure through use of a single material, reinforced concrete, Unity Temple is considered by many architects to be the first modern building in the world. Wise Words
What is architecture anyway? Is it the vast collection of the various buildings which have been built to please the varying tastes of the various lords of mankind? I think not. No, I know that architecture is life; or at least it is life itself taking form and therefore it is the truest record of life as it was lived in the world yesterday, as it is lived today or ever will be lived…So, architecture I know to be a Great Spirit.
— Frank Lloyd Wright "Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation : Overview." Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation : Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www.franklloydwright.org/about/Overview.html>. Later Years Wright founds the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation Wright wins gold medal of the American Institute of Architecture 1940 1949 1991 the American Institute of Architects named Frank Lloyd Wright the greatest American architect of all time and Architectural Record published a list of the one hundred most important buildings of the previous century that included twelve Wright structures. http://www.franklloydwright.org Educate and engage diverse audiences, including scholars, architects, students, scientists and the general public, through programs that encourage innovative thinking about the relationships between architecture and design and the natural environment, and inspire a quest for beauty, balance and harmony in the creation of buildings and spaces that enrich daily life. 1959 Wright dies on April 9, in Arizona Architecture by Wright Robie House (1906) The Sturges Residence (1939) Wright's Price Tower in Bartlesville, Oklahoma Hillside Home School, 1902, Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin Walter H. Gale House, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1893. National Register of Historic Places. The End