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Long Term and Immediate Causes of The American Revolution
Transcript of Long Term and Immediate Causes of The American Revolution
The French and Indian War
Colonists were taxed by Parliament and were not allowed to vote for members of Parliament. Also their views were not represented by the government.
Proclamation of 1763
The colonists believed that they had a right to occupy the new territory that they had fought for during the French and Indian war.
The Stamp Act
The colonists were upset, because they hadn't had to pay this tax before, and it had effected almost every colonist. They felt that their rights were being ignored, because they didn't have a say so in Parliament. They had protested and boycotted, and eventually Great Britain repealed the Stamp Act.
The Intolerable Acts
The colonists were upset that Great Britain was taking away their right to assemble and protest. The only way they could be free was if they governed themselves.
Declaration of Independence
Because of this Georgia got land from the Spanish, who gave up Florida to Britain along the coast of St. Mary's River.
Ravaged Europe from 1756 to 1763
Bloodiest American war in the 18th century
Was the product of an imperial struggle
A product of the localized rivalry between British and French colonists
Georgia wasn't all that upset with the Proclamation because most of it's population had settled on the coast. The Georgians were able to make treaties with the Creek Indians for lands in the west.
Other colonies refused to pay for the stamps and boycotted British goods. Georgia was the only colony that sold stamps.
Georgia was the only colony that didn't send delegates to the First Continental Congress, because of their governor James Wright.
In the year 1775, war broke out between colonial forces and the British empire in Lexington and Concord. This was considered "the straw that broke the camel's back". Eventually American colonists had gotten to the point of no return and decided to declare themselves independence. They had to win the Revolutionary war to rule themselves.
By the year 1776, Georgia patriots forced James Wright out of power and sent three delegates to sign the Declaration of Independence on Georgia's behalf. Although, there were still loyalists living in Georgia that didn't want independence.
The Coercive Acts that Britain passed were:
1. Boston Harbor was closed until the damages from Boston Tea Party had been paid for
2. Patriot groups were outlawed and they were only allowed to have one town meeting a year
3. British troops in colonies that committed crimes were tried in British courts instead of colonial courts
4. Citizens had to house and feed the British Soldiers