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Data Driven School Counseling Programs
Transcript of Data Driven School Counseling Programs
Why should data driven school counseling plans be created?
School counseling programs should be created in order to meet the needs of identified students or the schools primary groups of stakeholders. This includes students, parents, and faculty
Why is data Important to consider when creating a program?
What is a School Counseling Program?
School Counselors design and deliver comprehensive school counseling programs that promote student achievement. These programs are comprehensive in scope, preventative in design and developmental in nature.
American School Counselor Association
The ASCA National Model: "A framework for School Counseling Programs" Outlines the components of a comprehensive school counseling program. The ASCA national Model brings school counselors together with one vision and one voice, which creates unity and focus toward improving school achievement
What determines data driven school counseling programs?
Variables can be used to help determine what the program can be geared toward.
Examples of variables: Number of disciplinary referrals, year-to-year change in the attendance rate of students, number of teacher-counselor consultations during the year, or year-to-year change in the number of student pregnancies and birth (Wright, 2012).
The ASCA states that all school counselors should know how to research and evaluate.(Wright 2012)
The ASCA has guidelines that explain how the use of data is important to use while creating an action plan outlining how data will be used to obtain the desired result.(Wright 2012)
Steps to a Systematic Evaluation
1. Identify stakeholders
2. Set goals
3. set objectives
4. develop a management plan
5. Data collection and Analysis
6. write an evaluation report
Lewin's Acton Research Model
Action research is a pragmatic approach to addressing local problems in an educational setting. The model for conducting action research, with and without collaboration with others, was developed by Kurt Lewin in the 1940's
He believed that research should be focused on solving real world problems.
Preventative in Design: School counselors shall provide preventive and developmental counseling to school students in order to prepare them for their school responsibilities and their social and physical development. (Tennessee Model for Comprehensive School Counseling, based on ASCA National Model, 2005)
Comprehensive in Scope: Focuses on the academic, career and personal/social development of all students.
Developmental in Nature: Meets the needs of all students at their particular developmental level.
Use of Data
offers evidence only that an event or activity occurred. For example, school counselors may present the numbers of students seen individually, in groups, or in classrooms.
is gathered from needs assessments
or surveys and report opinions at
the time of data collection.
answers the question "so what?" and provides evidence that a student competency is not just mastered but has affected course-taking patterns, graduation rates,knowledge attainment, attendance, behavior, and/or academic achievement (ASCA, 2003)
School Improvement Data
presents the picture of the current status of student needs,
accomplishments and progress. When the school counseling program impacts school
improvement data, effectiveness is self evident and these intentional practices lead to
higher levels of student success
Other Prevention Programs
Teen Suicide Prevention
Bullying in schools or through social media
Why should programs like these be created? This short clip on what is happening to young adults. Using the "Steps in a Systematic Evaluation" explained previously or Lewin's "Modified Action Research Model" can help put prevention programs into place.
How will school counseling address these issues as children continue to evolve?
As society changes students are faced with not only the same basic issues as in years past, but how they have to deal with social media, cyber-bullying,increased suicide rates and troubling economic issues. School counselors will have to continue to evolve as well. They must stay abreast of current trends in data and work closely with stakeholders to develop strategies to best meet the needs of the students they serve.
How can school counselors benefit from the information shared?
School Counselors can benefit from the information shared by understanding how data should drive their counseling program. By implementing the 7 steps to a systematic evaluation,counselors can be certain that they are identifying key factors and addressing critical areas in order to facilitate an effective counseling program
What ethical and legal standards should be addressed when considering this issue?
School Counseling programs must follow ASCA ethical and legal guidelines to ensure that students' information is kept confidential and their rights are protected. Counselors have a responsibility to their students to keep all evaluations and assessment scores as well as other student records confidential
All legal and ethical standards can be reviewed at:
How does this impact academic achievement of students and the general mission of the school?
By creating a data-driven school counseling plan. Counselors can zero in on at risk students. Factors such as grades, behavior, socioeconomic status, and peer interactions can be taken into account in order to develop programs to address students who are struggling in one or more of these areas. This data driven approach will be an integral part of any school's overall improvement plan
ASCA National Model
The Tennessee Model for Comprehensive Counseling and
Guidance Program adapted from: American School Counselor Association (2005). The ASCA National Model: A framework for School Counseling Programs, Second Edition. Retrieved from http://www.state.tn.us/education/ci/counsel/doc/comp_sch_counsel_model.pdf
Wright, R. (2012). Introduction to School Counseling.
Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.