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Transcript of Malcolm X
Who is he?
Born in Omaha, Nebraska. His parents were members of Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Assoc.
Dad was ran over by a street car. (Assumed he was killed by White Racists).
His mom was sent to a mental hospital a little later.
As an orphaned child he was in and out of the foster care system.
In 1946, he was arrested for larceny and breaking
In jail, he joined the Nation of Islam
He got out of jail in 1952 and became a black supremist
In February 1965, shortly after repudiating the Nation of Islam, he was assassinated by three of its members.
Malcolm Little also known as Malcolm X (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) is an African-American preacher, speaker and activist for human rights.
He attended a mostly white school in several Midwest Cities.
He was often called nigger, to a point he has become immune to it.
Although he was one of the best students in class, he dropped out because a teacher told him he won't amount to anything because of his color.
Humiliated, he moves to Boston
In Boston, he drifted from job to job and soon he was involved in the street life. This lead him to be involved in organized crime. In January 16th, 1946, je was charged with larceny and sentenced to 8 to 10 years
In prison, he started memorizing the english dictionary which created the foundation for his future career as an orator.
In jail, he started learning about the Nation of Islam
Upon his release from prison, he changed his last name to X and became an assistant minister for an Islamic Temple
In 1952, the Nation of Islam was introduced to the national audience through a documentary made by Malcolm
After the documentary, Malcolm became a highly sought after orator.
Malcolm X was denounced by Civil Rights organizations for his extreme and hateful views.
He was a direct oppositon to Martin Luther King's position because he was the voice for those unwilling to wait for freedom.
Malcolm did not want to live in peace as King did with whites but hoped for complete segregation
Due to his extreme views, he started to to be estranged from the Nation of Islam.
This caused him to be targeted with life threats, privately and publicly from the Nation of Islam.
On February 21st, 1965, he was shot with a shotgun at point blank range while giving a speech.
He was pronounced dead shortly after.
He was a passionate leader who possessed the ability to persuade the masses with his charisma and intellect.
However, sharing he characteristics with many other movements and leaders of the 1960's, his efforts were focused yet somewhat misguided.
X, Malcolm, and Alex Haley. <i>The autobiography of Malcolm X</i>. New York: One World/Ballantine Books, 1992. Print.
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