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Philosophical Language

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Liza Malby

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Philosophical Language

Frege Philosophical Language Aims of this presentation: What do we now know? 1) Differences between 'sense', 'reference' and 'sign'.

2) Sense without reference?

3) References and context

4) Descriptivist/Non Descriptivist

5) Knowledge and sense. - Problems with Identity

- Proper names

- Reference

- Analytic and Apriori - Understand the connection

- Reference without sense

- Proper names

- Problems Sense without Reference - In usual language,
reference remains the same

- Direct/indirect reference and
customary/indirect sense

- "The indirect reference of a word
is accordingly its customary sense" Reference that changes according to context - Is it accurate to say that if sense presents the reference, then there can be no sense without reference?

- How plausible is it for references of expressions to change given their context?

-To what extent, if any, does sense depends upon the knowledge or rationality of users of the language? Some basics.. A B C - Same Qualities - different designations

- Intersection of AB = Intersection of BC

- Contex/Description

- Sense contains mode of description Descriptivist/Non Descriptivist - Connotation and Denotation

- Straight lines

- Cats and Felines have the same connotation and denotation

- Different senses ... Feline meaning "tigers" and cats meaning "house cats" Sense that relies on knowledge or rationality of users - Discriptive view and Russell's objection

- Sense requires surrounding knowledge

- Almost like infinite regression - one part requires knowledge of the other

- Don't get confused! Sense is objective - no emotions involved morning star = evening star = The morning star is the same as the evening star A = B
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