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Proper Comma Use and Comma Rules
Transcript of Proper Comma Use and Comma Rules
Why are commas important? Why do we use commas in writing?
Commas are important because:
Commas help your reader figure out which words go together in a sentence and which parts of your sentences are most important.
Using a comma may change the overall meaning of your sentence.
As with all punctuation, using a comma makes your writing clearer.
Let's look at a couple of examples where commas really matter...
Use commas to separate items in a list of three or more.
I need to buy eggs, milk, lettuce, and bread.
I have to clean my room, walk the dog, and take out the trash.
Now it's your turn:
I have to run to the store get my hair cut and finish my homework.
Use a comma to separate independent clauses (complete thoughts) when they are joined by the following conjunctions:
I want to buy the new jacket, but it is too expensive.
We will go to the restaurant now, for we are very hungry.
Insert the missing comma...
We can go to the zoo or we can go to the movie theater.
We can go to the zoo, or we can go to the movie theater.
Use a comma to separate a dependent clause (incomplete thought) from an independent clause (complete thought).
When I get older, I will be able to drive.
To become an astronaut, it takes much hard work and determination.
Now it's your turn...
Because she is twelve she is not old enough to drive.
Displaying the same style with which the narrator is introduced Fitzgerald's opening scene in both pieces of literature contains distinguishable resemblances .
Use a comma(s) to separate any word or phrase from the rest of the sentence that is not essential to the sentence's meaning. This phrase usually provides extra information about the subject.
My brother, an eighteen year old male, is watching TV.
A few more examples...
Nick Carraway, Gatsby's neighbor and friend, is a second cousin to Daisy Buchanan.
Rumor has it that Jordan Baker, a golf champion, cheated to win her title.
Insert the missing comma(s)!
The protagonist of the novel Jay Gatsby chases after an unattainable dream.
Use a comma to separate a quotation from the rest of a sentence.
"We need to buy more sugar," she said, "before it runs out!"
"Today will be rainy," the weatherman said with a frown.
"Okay," spoke the teacher excitedly, "Time's up!"
Now it's your turn...
Ms. Orzel's students exclaimed "We love school!"
He said "We need to lower taxes."
Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.
Hi, how are you?
Yes, I would like more water please.
Sorry, we do not have enough room.
Unfortunately we do not have enough time.
However I am very good at English.
Use a comma to separate the name of a town from a country or state.
I live in Wheaton, Illinois.
The hurricanes hit Tulsa, Oklahoma and Destin, Florida.
I visited Florence Italy and Paris France last summer.
Use a comma to separate the day of the week, the day of the month, and the year.
Today is Tuesday, February 12, 2012.
George Washington was born on February 22nd, 1732.
Insert commas where they belong:
Ms. Orzel was born on September 19 1988.
It turns out that April 13 2012 will be "Friday the 13th."