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Yr 9 RE - Eucharist

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sarah bunting

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Yr 9 RE - Eucharist

Eucharist Essay Year 9 Religion Last Supper Link to the Eucharist The Christian Community - Para 4 1. What happened at the first Passover? 3. How did God change the history and the lives of His people through this event? And why? Signs and Symbols PASSOVER

* The First Passover marks when the Hebrew people
were freed from slavery in Egypt. They were instructed
by God (through Moses) to sacrifice a young lamb and sprinkle its blood on the doorpost of the their houses so that the angel would 'pass over" all the houses of the Hebrews. They also made unleavened bread because they had to flee quickly from Egypt.
*This event confirmed the covenant that God made with the Hebrew people that He would be their God and they would forever be His people.
* It remains a very important celebration of
thanksgiving and remembrance for the
Jewish people. Images from Picture
*Slavery/Death -Doorway (blood of the innocent sacrificed lamb on the doorpost) -thanksgiving for Freedom/life
*Table with the word prayer under it & on the table = bitter herbs, lamb, unleavened bread, wine
Table – the Passover meal is a prayer / celebration of remembrance and thanksgiving
Bitter herbs - reminder of the bitterness or hardship of the slavery in Egypt
The lamb represents the innocent young lamb (one year old) that was sacrificed by each family at the first Passover and a reminder that they put the blood of the lamb on the doorpost of their houses so that the angel of death would ‘pass over’ their houses.
The wine represents the sweetness of being freed by the hand of God and the joy and happiness that God had given them through their liberation from slavery.
Special prayers are also said throughout the Passover celebration, for example ‘Blessed art thou, Lord our God, Master of the universe, who has kept us alive and sustained us and has brought us to this special time.’ God freed His people from slavery and led them to freedom/happiness
The Jews were no longer slaves in Egypt but became a free people who begun a journey of 40 years through the desert before reaching the “land of milk and honey” (Canaan – happiness, fruitfulness etc)
Reminded his people of the love God had for them – That God did not ignore their prayers when they were crying for help when they were slaves in Egypt
Showed that God had great power and strength – not limited by this world -capable of miracles



The Sunday mass is a memorial of the Last Supper, when Jesus ate a Passover meal with His disciples before His Passion and Death. It is celebrated every Sunday to mark the day of Christ’s resurrection from the dead and is also known as the Paschal Mystery of Christ – reminding us and making present the events that saved all of humanity.

1.The Eucharist is the name used by almost all Christians. It means "thanksgiving". It is used because the priest or minister gives thanks
- over the bread and wine,
- for all God’s gifts,
- for Jesus’ death on the cross and His resurrection. •WE are sent forth to bring Christ into the World – Analyse the stimulus picture and use the key words as a guide eg: kind, generous, concerned etc

The Paschal Mystery is lived out in the lives of believers when they are people of hope fully believing in new life and the Resurrection.

They believe that hope and life can come from suffering and sacrifice; that by giving, you receive.

Christ’s Life, Death and Resurrection are remembered through sacred scripture, communal prayers and responses sung and spoken, and in the breaking of the bread during Mass. * Jesus celebrating a Passover meal with His disciples teaching them that their lives could change through repentance - pass from sinfulness to freedom (death to life) through Christ taking their sins with Him to the Cross so that they may have "new life"
*Washed the disciples feet - teaches that life and happiness comes from serving others, not in being served
*forgiveness - ultimate forgiveness shown by including and inviting Judas to the Passover meal when He knew that he was to betray him
* Ultimate love of Christ - Broke the bread and gave it to his disciples saying 'Take this all of you and eat it, this is my body which will be broken for you (teaching = let oneself be broken/giving of self for others = real Christ love) How did this change the lives of the disciples? The Eucharist is often called the Lord’s Supper:
Because the Eucharist was given at the Last Supper
and it is celebrated in the same way even today we
can call it the Lord’s Supper.

"Then he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me." He did the same with the cup after supper, and said, "This is the new covenant in my blood poured out for you."
Luke 22:19-20

We are invited to the Altar of the Lord to receive Christ-Just as the disciples were invited to participate in the sharing of the Passover meal with Jesus.

- Jesus made a new covenant by which he made the disciples and makes us his chosen people. Eucharist Essay

Example Paragraph One:
The Jewish Passover provides the foundation for the Eucharist as it is one of the earliest celebrations of thanksgiving - thanking God for the passage from death to life and from slavery to freedom. Many important signs are used during the Passover meal including the bitter herbs which are a reminder of the bitterness or hardship of the slavery in Egypt, and the unleavened bread is a reminder that the people had to flee in haste when Moses led them out of Egypt. The lamb represents the innocent young lamb that was sacrificed by each family and that they put the blood of the lamb on the doorpost of the Hebrew (Jewish) people's houses so that the angel of death would ‘pass over’ them. The wine represents the sweetness of being freed by the hand of God and the joy of the happiness that God had given them through their liberation from slavery. Special prayers are also said throughout the Passover celebration, such as ‘Blessed art thou, Lord our God, Master of the universe, who has kept us alive and sustained us and has brought us to this special time.’ The Passover therefore is a way of thanking God for changing the history of the Hebrew people and their own individual lives by freeing them from slavery and showing the Hebrew people that they were his own special people. Eucharist Yahweh has said; we shall obey.’ Moses then took the blood and sprinkled it on the people saying, ‘this is the blood of the covenant which Yahweh has made with
you..." Exodus 24:4-8 2. Explain the Jewish customs or traditions used. 1. Christ the new Passover lamb offered himself in sacrifice (teaches others about self sacrifice)
2. By his blood all people were saved
3. Unleavened bread and wine become Christ’s Body and Blood and are the Spiritual Food for our Life’s journey.
4. The meal is a memorial Covenant of God’s love for his people.
5. He delivers us from slavery to freedom
6. Jesus made a new covenant by which he makes us his chosen people.
7. Christ said to his followers
Do This In Memory Of Me - Link to
modern mass The 4 Parts of the mass are important because they show - a/ How Christ is present with us in our lives
b/ Provides opportunities to respond to God's invitation to join in the "passover meal" and participate as one of God's people

There are Four Parts to the Mass
1. Introductory Rites - Priest gives thanks to God and asks for forgiveness for our failings
2. Liturgy of the Word - Teachings of God/Christ
3. Liturgy of the Eucharist - Christ is present in His gift of His body and blood given to feed/nourish us
4. Dismissal Rites - Christ is present in that he sends us out into our world to 'announce the love of God' through our lives - this means being a witness of God's love and forgiveness by living our lives as Christ teaches through His life, death and resurrection. 2. How is God present in the lives of His people in a modern celebration of Eucharist?

- ‘Christ is always present in the Church, especially in its Liturgical Celebrations.’
- During the Mass, Jesus is present in the:
Liturgy of the Word,(teachings in readings and Gospel)
Liturgy of the Eucharist - Body and Blood
-Tabernacle - holds the consecrated host (body of Christ) where we can go to talk to Christ and be close to Him
-the consecrated bread and wine when it is changed into the Body and Blood of Christ.
-The Priest represents Christ in the mass as he intercedes for us with God - offers thanks to God,
Christ is present in us as His church, His people, the community who are gathered together (Christ is in everyone). How are churches today changing the way they celebrate the Eucharist? Why? * The Second Vatican Council changed the role of the congregation (people at mass) in the Eucharist t
*Changes were made that ensured the people were given a more active and inclusive role in the celebration of the Eucharist
(instead of being "spectators" of the priest who was the only one who played an active role in the Mass prior to this)
For example -
- The Mass was now said in the language of the people rather than in Latin so people could be more involved in responses (and knowing what the responses meant)
-Lay people became involved in reading the readings
and leading singing
- special ministers could become involved in helping the priest distribute the body and blood of Christ to the congregation
-the priest faced the people and, in some churches, the seating was re-arranged to place people around the altar rather than only in lines of pews, to create more of a sense of a "community" of followers of Christ.
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