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Transcript of Chinese Timeline
During its reign, the Ming Dynasty made improvements in technology, agriculture, economy, trade, and manufacturing.
New market economy made it possible for farmers to cultivate large areas of land for producing cash crops.
Three types of markets:
A variety of occupations could be chosen or inherited from a father's line of work.
There were four broad classifications in Ming society and they were: Shi, Nong, Gong, and Shang.
Relationship between Economic and Society
Chinese goods had an effect on the economy
Industries grew rapidly together with manufacturing and commerce
Chinese economics did not grow rapidly because of the effects of merchants & China's Confucian beliefs
Chinese economic polices favored agriculture
He became the first Ming Emporer
He reformed agricultural lands
Erased the traces of the Mongul
Increased rice production and improved irrigation
He brought stability to China
When problems came he became Tyrant
Due to his agricultural reforms, more land was cultivated increasing the economy of the country & increasing the population by 50%
Social & Economics
Bribed the officials to transfer the burden of taxation to the poor.
Hongwu Emperor instituted two systems: Yellow Records and Fish Scale Records.
These systems served both to secure the government's income from land taxes and to affirm that peasants would not lose their lands.
Relationship between economics and human society
He cared about the peasants because he was peasant himself
He pulled strings in order to satisfy the peasants & at the same time the government
Zheng He was a Chinese sailor.
He was one of the first people from China to lead more than 300 ships on trips to other countries.
He went on seven trips to countries in Asia and Africa.
The Chinese ruler wanted Zheng He to show other countries the riches China had.
When Zheng He returned to China, he brought back pearls and spices from Africa and Asia.
He also brought animals that no one in China had seen before, such as zebras and ostriches.
He brought Chinese silk and porcelain to show to the people of those countries
Continued his father policies
Moved royal court to Beijing
Curiosity about the outside world
He launched the first of seven voyages of exploration
One of China's greatest emperors
A scholar and patron of the arts
He reduced government expenses & lowered taxes
Gained support of intellectuals by offering them government positions