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music

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by

zhang yahui

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of music

Introduction
Music Journey to Indonesia
Instrument
Gamelan
Types:
Slenthem
Demung
Saron Panerus
Balungan
Percussion Instruments
Classification: Idiophones
Material: bronze, iron, wood or bamboo
Metallophones
Xylophones
(Gambang kayu)
Percussion Instrument
Classification:
Idiophones
Material:
Wood
Pitch:
Low
Dynamics:
Soft
Gongs
Percussion Instruments
Classification:
Idiophones
Material:
bronze or iron
Two types:
Hanging Gong (Gong Ageng, Kempul)
Cradled Gong (Bonang, Kemong, Ketuk
and Kempyang)
Drums (Kendhang)
Percussion Instruments
Classification:
Membranophones
Material:
wood, Goatskin, leather, gold
Pitch:
high and low
Musical style:
tempo and dynamics
Kendhang Ageng
Kendhang
Ketipung
Bamboo Flutes
(Suling)
Woodwing Instruments
Classification:
Aerophones
Material:
bamboo
Pitch:
high
Day
1

Day
2

Day

3
Day
4
Vocal
Balinese
VS
Dance
Improvisation
Tempo
Rhythm
Religion
South east Asia
Over 18,000 islands
Popularity :more than
195 millions
About
Indonesia
Religion
Mainly Muslims with some Hinduism,
Buddhism and Christian areas.
Geography of Java and Bali lead to different musics but have simliarities.
Indonesia Gamelan
Balinese Gamelan
Feature
-Diverse and creative
-Build the foundation of modern gamelan
Function
-Serve religious beliefs
-Accompany the dances and puppet
performance (Wayang)
Indonesia Gamelan

Javanese Gamelan
Feature
-Court music
-More traditional
-Gentler and lower
pitched style

Function
-Played in royal ceremony
-Especially in traditional wedding
-Also accompany the dances,voice
and Wayang
Similarities
Between Java and Bali Gamelan
Ensemble layout
Similarities
Between Java and Bali Gamelan
Instrument
-Percussion(idiophone)
-Gongs:
(kemong, bonang)
Kemong
Bonang
Similarities
Between Java and Bali Gamelan
Instrument

-Percussion(idiophone)
-Metallophones
(saron, gender)
-Use hammer to strike
-String(chordophone)
-Rebab
(two strings bowed instrument)
Saron
Gender
Rebab
Similarities
Between Java and Bali Gamelan
Music style
-Polyphony
-Polyrhythm
Similarities
Between Java and Bali Gamelan
Cyclic rhythmic structure
-Colotomy
Call and Response
-The gamelan music like a conversation
between two people
-Solo(melody, call)+Ensemble(response)
Definition
Instrument
The Faith
Function
Gamelan
Definition
Instrument
Function
One of the Indonesian national instruments with longest history
The name of traditional Indonesian ensemble with percussion instruments(gong &drum)
Gamelan from Bali&Java are well-known and typical.
Bronze gongs
gong-chime
metallophone
drum
flute
bowed & plucked string instruments
The faith
The deity casted the gongs for sending signals
Wearing shoes or stepping over aren't allowed.
Gong Ageng has the main spirit in Java
The link between individual and group
The income of musicians and craftsmen
Traditionally
Modernly
certain occasions
ritual ceremonies
special communit celebrations shadow puppet shows
courts, temples, museums, schools, even private homes
Flexible occasions:
accompany traditional dances
ccompany traditional&modern dances
welcome guests and audiences
Javanese
Gamelan Court Performance
The principle melody
- rack gongs and large metallophones
Periodic punctuation
- hanging gongs and small metallophones
Embellishment
-Small metallophones
Gamelan
The end
Accompanies dance, dance-drama, and shadow puppetry
Cyclic repetition of
phrases in some sections;
but free, non-repeating
phrasing in others
Cyclic repetition of
phrases in some sections;
but free, non-repeating
phrasing in others
Cyclic repetition
of phrases
(colotomic structure)
Abrupt shifts in
tempo and dynamics
(volume level)
Usually faster
Slower
Hinduism and
Buddhism
Muslim
“loud playing” or
“soft playing”
Dynamic
?
Day

5

Javanese
Balinese
Vocal
Dance
Balinese
Javanese
Dance
Javanese
Balinese
Balinese
Javanese
Balinese
Tempo
Javanese
Tempo
Improvisation
Improvisation
Vocal
Javanese
Balinese
Javanese
Accompanies classic dance in Temple
Performance
Full transcript