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first aid for common unintentional injuries

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Jayr Silva

on 30 June 2014

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Transcript of first aid for common unintentional injuries

Unintentional injuries
First Aid for Minor Bleeding
Wash minor wounds like scrapes and scratches with water and soap. apply antiseptics to prevent infection. Then dress wound with dressing and bandage
First Aid for Severe Bleeding
Position The Victim
Types Of Bleeding
Capillary Bleeding
first aid for common unintentional injuries
*unintentional injuries are those that happen as a result of an accident
*they do not involve an intent to harm or inflict pain
*"Unintentional" is used to refer to injuries that were unplanned.
Skin and Soft
Tissue Injury
*SKIN is the primary protection of the body
against infection. rrier against infectious organisms, bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa
*WOUND- is a type of injury in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound). it specifically refers to a sharp injury which damages the skin.
Classification of Soft
Tissue Injuries:
CLOSED WOUND- a wound without breakage in the skin.
-no external bleeding but discoloration of skin is obvious
Signs to observe:
a. pain and soreness
b. discoloration of the skin
c. thirstiness
d. shock may occur
e. presence
of blood in cough
f. blood in mouth nose or ear
g. vomiting
h. blood in urine or stool
First Aid for Close Wound
a. Rest- Keep the injured body part rested.
b. Ice- apply ice packs on affected area to minimize swelling.
c. Compress- Compress the injured area as it helps minimize blood flow and swelling.
d. Elevate- elevate the injured area to help decrease swelling as gravity aids in the slow of blood.
e. Splint- place splints on the injured part to avoid further damage and bleeding.
Open Wound
~An injury that is exposed because of broken skin. An open wound is at high risk for infection.
a. Abrasion- also called as scrape. abrasion is a wound caused by superficial damage to the skin, no deeper than the epidermis. It is less severe than a laceration, and bleeding, if present, is minimal.
b. laceration- also called as a skin tear, is characterized by a jagged slantear caused by a blunt or dull object.
c. incision- a clean and deep cut usually caused by a sharp object.
d. puncture- wound caused by a pointed object penetrating the body like a nail, steel, glass, or wooden splint. it is characterized by narrow to deep penetration.
e. avulsion- wound caused by animal bites, machineries or explosions. it is characterized by torn tissues, mostly seperated from the body
Venous Bleeding
Arterial Bleeding
Control The Bleeding
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