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The Intellectual Achievements During the Golden Age of Islam

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Madison Rochovansky

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of The Intellectual Achievements During the Golden Age of Islam

Islam's Golden Age
The Golden Age of Islam led to many achievements in many categories:
intellectual
economic
political
social
Medicine
Important contributors to the medical community:
Al-Zahrawi (936 - 1013 CE)
Ibn Sina (980 - 1037 CE)
Al-Razi (864 - 930 CE)
During Islam's Golden Age hundreds of hospitals were created.
Science
Scientific method is developed during this period.
Science advanced rapidly in during Islam's golden age.
Literature
Something that significantly helped Islam's
Golden Age
was the new paper making process. This allowed writing to be more easily done and accessed.
Shops began to sell paper and books.
Islam's Holy Book, the Qur'an (Koran) was well respected and the empire encouraged their citizens to convert. However it wasn't required, but if you weren't you had a certain tax you had to pay.
The House of Wisdom was also founded by Al-Ma'mun.
Golden Age
refers to a time of great achievements in a civilization.
The House of Wisdom:
The Purpose of the House of Wisdom was to "preserve literature and works of history by patiently copying and translating works by Aristotle, Euclid, and other important thinkers of ancient Persia, Greece, and Rome."
Al-Zahrawi
He created numerous tools and methods of treating patients that revolutionized the medical industry of that time. He created a medical encyclopedia which was respected and was the standard medical text of that time period and centuries more.
A page from his medical encyclopedia, the Al-Tasrif
Ibn Sina also created a medical encyclopedia which achieved much success, similar to the Al-Tasrif. His was known as, the Canon. The Canon attempted contained all the medical knowledge available starting from ancient times to recent Muslim sources. In the end he completed 99 books and contributed to numerous other fields.
Al-Razi
Al-Razi was one of the most well known doctor of his time. He wrote around 200 books and tried to find new solutions to sicknesses that killed a large numbers of people like smallpox and chickenpox.
A page from The Comprehensive Book on Medicine, written by Al-Razi.
Al - Khwarizmi (780 - 850 CE)
Al - Khwarizmi introduced the concept of numerals and algebra. He also created a textbook which was set as a standard in Europe for centuries.
Ibn al - Haytham (965–1040 CE)
Ibn al - Haytham is known as the first scientist. He used different methods to do experiments and started a process still used today.
Ibn Sina
Intellectual Achievements of Islam's Golden Age
Political Achievements of Islam's Golden Age
Sharia Law
The Sharia is the body of Islamic law. The origin of the Sharia is the Qur'an (Koran) and covers a array of subjects, this was developed during Islam's golden age.
Muslim craftsmen were organized in guilds and demand
for manufactured goods was high.

Economic Achievements of Islam's Golden Age
Paper
Paper's creation helped furthered Islam's economy
shops are new able to more easily sell books and paper.
a form of checks were started to be used.
made words more accessible.
Social Achievements of Islam's Golden Age
The House of Wisdom's work helped preserve and allow words to spread more easily, as well.
Full transcript