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Your Position Paper With Research
Transcript of Your Position Paper With Research
Recall this video (week one)
What definitions of arguments are raised and discounted by this video?
Which moves might you want to avoid?
Your Persuasive Research Paper
Research Paper Preview & Rogerian Argument
YOU ARE GOING TO SUM UP AN ARGUMENT, CONTINUE ITS CONVERSATION, AND WRITE YOUR OWN PERSUASIVE ESSAY
ASSIGNMENT WILL BE IN STEPS:
Library Session (s)
Research Progress Report
ALL STEPS MUST BE COMPLETED
TO PASS THE ESSAY.
Persuasive Position Paper:
What are PRIMARY sources?
What are SECONDARY sources?
Go to assignment, page five.
Student Example (page 190-192)
choose a topic (go to page 1, 8)
start documenting your research process (1-3)
refine your topic
take a beginning rhetorical stance (5-7)
support your position with your own ideas & strong research; join the conversation
always keep the elements of persuasion in mind
USE THE ROGERIAN APPROACH
, such as cultural critics Moore and Walker, argue that Google is indeed making us smarter. They argue that Google's vast resources are increasing our encyclopedic knowledge and study skills.
Although I agree with these claims that Google provides storehouses of information
, I argue that Google is nonetheless weakening our intelligence. Therefore, in this essay,
I take the position that
we should still use Google, but in moderation, so that we avoid the serious negative effects on our concentration, memory, and information literary skills.
Persuasion & Your Research Paper
topic and its complications
, credible position, organization of
argument (debatable claim, strong reasons, evidence, structure, quality of research sources)
Fairness, credibility, counterargument, treatment of sources*, MLA format, proper decorum, grammar
Persuasive tone, vivid examples, hooks, anecdotes, illustrations, conviction
some essays back
sign up for appt.
on Monday (big read)
playing the believing game
practicing argument moves
best persuasive (academic) writing
has context; it responds to, engages with, and synthesizes others' views
displays knowledge/history/research of the topic
positions itself in a conversation
is not agonistic
addresses the common ground of readers
knows how to deal with controversial topics
answers SO WHAT? and WHO CARES?
BE ROGERIAN IN YOUR APPROACH / AGREE & DISAGREE
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ROGERIAN APPROACH
change the terminology
those you disagree with are COLLEAGUES rather than OPPONENTS
the goal is co-operation to find common ground and reach a agreeable solution
you begin by establishing shared GOALS (student guitar example)
describe in neutral terms the colleague's view of the problem, using unbiased language
then describe YOUR view of the problem
explain how "colleague" will benefit from your request
Conclude by reinforcing your position
Whole or part of your argument.
What are the negative effects of the traditional, confrontational model of argument?
MAKING CONCESSIONS -- BRINGING IN WHAT
INDIVIDUAL PRACTISE BEING ROGERIAN (EX. 6.1 on 188)
Many people believe
that pitbulls cannot be trained to be family dogs because...
The media depicts pitbulls
as being violent and having a naturally mean temperament.
On the one hand
, pitbulls are responsible for more human fatalities than other breeds;
on the other hand
, there are fewer un-fatal attacks from pit bulls.
Many trainers believe
that pitbulls form extremely strong human attachments.
They disagree, however,
on the effect of these bonds.
Where does the writer establish common ground?
Where does the writer state her position?
What points does the conclusion emphasize? Other than reinforcing the writer's position, what ekse is the conclusion trying to accomplish?
Choose ONE of these controversial topics: benefits of online education, effects of video game violence, lowering the legal drinking age, Google making us dumber
Take FIVE minutes to do the following:
Sum up your own position on the issue.
In a few sentences, sum up the main concerns of someone who holds the opposite position.
Identify some common ground that you and someone who holds the opposite position might have.
Write a sentence that explains how your position on the issue might benefit individuals.
Share your writings with a peer. What did you learn?
TOULMIN LOGIC (COMPONENTS OF ARGUMENT)
CLAIM: The main point of the essay (the thesis)
REASON: statement that supports the claim
WARRANT: inference/assumption that connects the claim to the grounds
BACKING: Statements that support the warrant
GROUNDS: Are the evidence (reasons) the writer uses to support the claim
QUALIFIERS: Statements that limit the claim
REBUTTALS: naysayers, counterarguments, & exceptions to the claim
: Needle exchange programs should be abolished because REASON they cause more people to use drugs.
When you make risky behavior safer, you cause more people to engage in it.
Other examples of risky behavior being made safer causing more engagement....personal narrative
Stats, sources, of people using drugs...
Admittedly, not all users start using more...
True, needle exchange programs often lead to treatment programs....
BENEFITS OF TOULMIN LOGIC: YOU CAN SEE IF YOUR ARGUMENT IS STRONG, WEAK, REASONABLE....
WHAT NOW? SOME OPTIONS....
Get in to your groups (See Canvas)
Answer the questions (Board? Online? On paper?)
Write out your answers LEGIBLY
Post your answers to Canvas for all to see. Indicate which questions you are answering.
OR PRACTISE TOULMIN
Read the TANNEN essay for Thursday and SKIM 241-267 (You are responsible for this stuff...)