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Origins of the Cold War ch 26

Origins of the Cold War
by

chris fackina

on 1 March 2016

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Transcript of Origins of the Cold War ch 26

THE COLD WAR
Germany is finished. The real problem is Russia. I can't get the Americans to see it.
How Tensions leads to the Cold War...
The Russian Revolution (1917): Americans
supported the anti-communists
with troops.
THE NON-AGRESSION PACT: The USA was angered that Stalin agreed to a
friendship
with Hitler
POST WAR BITTERNESS:
Stalin
lies
about allowing FREE ELECTIONS and banned all opposition parties
Differences at the Yalta Conference
The USA, Britain, France, and the Soviet Union meet to discuss how to
divide up post-war European nations
.
The USA and Great Britain
discuss

free elections
in Eastern European Nations.
Stalin
agrees but
lies
and never allows free elections

2/1945
The US GOALS for creating the UN:


Settle differences
peacefully

promote feedom

prevent war
5 Permanent
Members

United states
Britain
France
USSR
China
Give Peace a (Second) Chance
4/1945
Potsdam Conference
*First meeting between Stalin, Truman, and Clement Attlee (New British Prime Minister)
*The Yalta debates continues!!

Truman pushes for democracies (Free elections)
in all Eastern Europe

Stalin establishes communism.
refuses to allow free elections in Eastern Europe and
Establishes Satellite Nations

Germany and Berlin is divided
into four zones by the allies
US
wants to
reunite
Germany /
Soviets
want to divide
Germany
Goals for Postwar Life
Envisioned a world free markets and
Capitalism
Democracy
for Poland and Eastern Europe
Establish
Satellite Nations

dominated
by the
Soviets to balance out United States western influence
Spread
Communism
SOVIET TAKEOVERS!
ALBANIA AND BULGARIA
1948: Soviet troops take over
CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Communists stage rallies, strikes, and a violent uprising against their democracy
1948: Czechoslovakia is a Soviet satellite nation
HUNGARY AND ROMANIA
Hungary: Communists establish control of the police. Anti-communist leaders are then arrested. So guess who wins the elections?
FINLAND AND YUGOSLAVIA
Has some limited communist influence throughout the late 1940's
EAST GERMANY
1949: Stalin establishes national control of all East-German resources and installs a BRUTAL totalitarian communist gov't
Romania: 1945: Soviets force the Romanian king to name a communist prime minister. Less than 2 years later, the PM forces the king to step down
TO CONTAIN COMMUNISM
"At the present moment in world history nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The choice is too often not a free one. One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions, representative government, free elections, guarantees of individual liberty, freedom of speech and religion, and freedom from political oppression. The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio, fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic stability and orderly political process."
3/1947
The Truman Doctrine
7/1945
http://www.un.org/en/sc/members/
Reflection Questions
(1.) Why was there tension between the USA and USSR prior to the Cold War?

(2.) How did the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences contribute to the heightening of American/Soviet tensions?

(3.) How did the post-World War II goals of the USA and USSR differ?

(4.)What could have been done to advert the Cold War entirely, would your idea be humane?
STALIN VS. TRUMAN
Homework
Create a Cold War themed political cartoon or comical dialogue between world leaders of WWII that deals with one of the political policies we have discussed.

For example: Potsdam, Yalta, Containment, Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan or use any one of the policies from chapter 26

America keeps the Atom
Bomb a
Secret
Radioactive
Caution
The US
Economic
and
Political
systems clash
"Take a Minute"
Write down some of the personal differences that create tension between you and your parents or friends
or teachers
Let's Discuss!
Where is the Irony?
What would Winston Churchill say about Stalin?
The imagery depicts the USA as the biggest and strongest of the three Allied powers, with France being the smallest and weakest, with the British being the intermediate. The cartoon also depicts a newcomer, and a sister of the group, that being the United Nations. However, the cartoon is very scornful of the United Nations, and depicts the organization as one which is only designed as to look pretty, and does not have a great deal of strength in the conduct of world politics. The cartoon is significant because it demonstrates the "resistance is futile" attitude which the democratic governments of the world would demonstrate in the years to come in dealing with the USSR as a whole. They recognized that nothing they could do together, without committing actions which would risk starting World War III, could bring a more speedy downfall of the Iron Curtain. The nations merely recognize they would have to learn to live with the USSR as a global player, prevent any more nations from falling to communism, and hope that overtime, the unsustainable policies of the USSR would result in its ultimate downfall.

WERE THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONS RIGHT????????


Rebuild
Europe's Democratic nations to Prevent the rise of Totalitarians
Reunite
German to avoid bitterness and keep Europe more secure
Keep Germany
divided
and weak
The Satellite Nations
Fulton Missouri
Westminster College
The Truman Doctrine
A military commitment to support and aid the free peoples of the world
cost: $400 million
The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall plan was referred to by President Truman as, "the two halves of a walnut.".
What do you think this meant?
The Marshall Plan
The US will commit 12.5 billion in monetary aid war torn European nations
(
10 min Quick Write )
Doctrine = is a statement of official government policies...

State Your Case
In your power pairs develop a doctrine of your own that reflects a new American policy against Terrorism today. Write it down and present it to the class.



Helpful Hints
Make a bold statement
Let the good people know your intentions
Tell the terrorist what your going to do and how far will you go with your actions
NAME YOUR DOCTRINE
(Primary Source Activity)
Read the Statement made by President Truman on communism to help you develop a doctrine against terrorism today
Berlin Airlift
The Soviets hold Berlin hostage by cutting off all supplies into West Berlin.

America and Britain fly in supplies for 327 days and increased
US superpower prestige
D.O.K. #4
What problems can you foresee with this division?
THE SUPERPOWERS STRUGGLE
OVER GERMANY
The allies
reunite
the western zones
The Berlin Blockade
Leads to fear of Soviet aggression
and the creation of a defensive
peace-time alliance!!!!!!
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In 1949 The Soviets detonate an Atom Bomb
How will this affect the world?
THE ATOMIC ARMS RACE
CONTAINMENT
Stop communism from
spreading
The Creation of the
United Nations
GERMANY
DIVIDED
BERLIN
DIVIDED
1
2
3
4
In San Franscico
Occupy
Eastern Europe
with total control
The Cold War Begins
Heats Up!!!!!!!!
D.O.K #4
Which of the two superpowers do you think was more successful in achieving its aims during the period of 1945-1949?
Support your answer by referring to the historical events we just covered
Quick Write
What would Winston Churchill Say ???
Westminster College in
Fulton Missouri
The Iron Curtain
COMMUNISM VS. DEMOCRACY
vs.
Have you ever seen this flag before?
Whether you have or not, try to identify it and explain what it might represent.
"Democracy"
Freedom = less
government
control

"Communism"
No Freedom
Total government control

"SOVIET UNION"
RUSSIA
U.S.A
A clash of "Ideologies" (BELIEFS)
WHAT ARE AMERICA'S BELIEFS?

WHAT ARE THE U.S.S.R's BELIEFS?
"TAKE NOTES"
(5 min write)How would each of these beliefs IMPACT your life?
IMAGINE
If Twitter Existed in 1949
In your packet notes
create several tweets between
these two world leaders


The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of communism is the equal sharing of miseries.
Analyze Churchill's
Statement

What is he implying about communism vs, capitalism?
Full transcript