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ENGINEERING

TAG LINK Seminar
by

Nina Yang

on 17 April 2014

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Transcript of ENGINEERING

ENGINEERING
Chemical Engineering
Sub-disciplines
Engineering is the science and art of applying scientific and mathematical principles, experience, judgment, and common sense to design things that benefit society.
Engineering is a broad field that can be divided into various disciplines and sub-disciplines.
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Engineering Management
Engineering Sciences
Geotechnical
Mechanical
Types of Engineering
Education
Most popular: civil (260,000), industrial (215,000)
Overall Trends
Overall job opportunities are expected to be good, but will vary with specialty.
Starting salaries are among the highest of all college graduates.
Highest paid: petroleum ($119,000), nuclear ($100,000)
Least popular: agricultural (3,000), mining/geological (7,000)
Bachelor's degree in Engineering (~4 years): minimum requirement for most entry-level jobs
Graduate degrees
Master's (1-2 years) by research or coursework
PhD (~3 years) by thesis (or by coursework, although uncommon)
Leading Engineering Schools
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Stanford University
University of California - Berkeley
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Princeton University
University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
SOURCE: http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/2013-14/subject-ranking/subject/engineering-and-IT
Hotspots
Largely dependent on the discipline.
Aerospace
(Defense, Military, Aerospace, Technology)
: California, the Pacific Northwest, Texas, Arizona and around Washington, DC (West Coast and Northeast)

Energy
(Chemical, Petroleum, Electrical, Mining)
: California, Arizona, Colorado, Texas and Louisiana, with new activity in North Dakota (the West and big cities)

Environmental
(Health, Safety)
: northern California, Seattle, the Northeast, especially Maine

Mechanical/Industrial
: Philadelphia, New Jersey, Texas, North Carolina (many parts of the country, especially in the South recently)

Electrical/Civil
: relatively even, but concentrated where the infrastructure is older (Northeast) or the population is expanding (the South and West)
SOURCE: http://career-advice.monster.com/job-search/getting-started/where-to-find-engineering-jobs/article.aspx
Job Outlook
According to the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE),

Top degrees, 2014
: business,
engineering
, computer/information science, sciences, and communications disciplines.

Unemployment rate for people with Bachelor's: 3.9%
Unemployment rate for people with Bachelor's in Engineering: 2%
More than half of the 3.7 million people in the country who hold engineering degrees have found jobs in nonscientific arenas such as investment banking and consulting

Top majors in engineering
: mechanical, electrical, computer, chemical

The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates the current crop of some 263,000 civil engineers will grow 19 percent by 2020, while the the number of jobs for nuclear and petroleum engineers will grow in the 15 to 20 percent range over the next 10 years

Who's hiring?
: motor vehicle manufacturing, miscellaneous manufacturing, chemical (pharmaceutical) manufacturing
SOURCE: http://www.naceweb.org/uploadedFiles/Pages/MyNACE/grab_and_go/students/job-outlook-2014-student-version.pdf
SOURCE: http://www.usnews.com/education/best-graduate-schools/articles/2013/03/14/engineering-grads-enjoy-greater-job-prospects
Agricultural
Biological & Biosystems
Chemical
Environmental
Food
Forestry
Materials
Plastics
Process
Jobs and Education
Examples: Involved in
Developing unscratchable plastics for PlayStation and Nintendo game systems
Creating fade-resistant dyes for jeans and clothing
Inventing new dyes to color toothpaste
Analyzing materials for sports equipment
Making sure that factories don't pollute our water, soil, or air
Chemical engineers apply principles of chemistry, mathematics, and physics to the design and operation of industrial equipment and methods for the manufacture of chemical products.
Top 3 Universities

(4-year program @)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
Stanford University

Companies in Georgia
General Electric
Georgia Pacific LLC
The Coca Cola Company
Shaw Industries, Inc.
J&S Chemical
Electrical Engineering
Sub-disciplines
Communications
Computer
Electrical
Electromechanical Systems
Electronic Systems
Optical
Power
Software
Jobs and Education
Examples: Involved in
Planning and designing power stations
Developing electrical distribution grids for towns and cities
Creating new technologies (such as hand-cranked radios for use in areas where there may not be any electricity)
Figuring out how to power water filtration
Bringing heat to buildings
Electrical engineers are involved in the generation, production, transmission, distribution, and application of electrical energy: the electricity that lights our homes, helps us cook our food, and powers our machinery. They also make very important contributions to telecommunications, television, and computer technology.
Top 3 Universities
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Standford University
University of California - Berkeley and University of Cambridge

Companies in Georgia
Delta Air Lines
General Electric
Schweitzer Engineering Labs
John Deere
Norfolk Southern
Mechanical Engineering
Sub-disciplines
Acoustical
Aerospace
Automotive
Biomedical
Manufacturing
Mechanical
Naval
Thermal
Jobs and Education
Examples: Involved in
Adapting vehicles so they function better and have less impact on the environment
Designing air conditioning and other systems required for new schools and clinics
Managing natural resources
And designing CD players, Nintendo and Sega game wear, snowmobiles, rocket engines, off-road vehicles, robots for manufacturing plants, and more!
Mechanical engineers use the principles of mathematics, material science, physics, and economics to design, manufacture, and maintain mechanical equipment (e.g. household appliances, ventilation systems, cars, ships, airplanes)
Top 3 Universities
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Stanford University and University of Cambridge
Harvard University

Companies in Georgia
Argos, USA
Generation Orbit Launch Services, Inc.
Norfolk Southern
General Electric
CCC
Civil Engineering
Sub-disciplines
Building
Civil
Construction
Environmental
Geotechnical
Structural
Transport
Water Resources
Civil engineering is one of the oldest types of engineering. It involves the design, construction, and management of municipal infrastructure, highways, railways, transit systems, airports, harbours, bridges, tunnels, and buildings. Civil engineers also ensure the availability of high quality water supply and sewage treatment facilities.
Jobs and Education
Examples: Involved in
Designing and building
Infrastructure, highways, bridges, transit systems, railways, and tunnels
Offshore drilling platforms
Schools, hospitals, airports, and other buildings
Sewage systems and water treatment facilities
Space satellites and other launching structures
Top 3 Universities
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
University of Illinois and University of California - Berkeley
University of Tokyo and University of Cambridge

Companies in Georgia
Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc.
Lockheed Martin Corporation
Delta Air Lines
Hargrove Engineers and Constructors
Full transcript