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Science Fair

Ms. Swensons Class
by

justice lightfoot

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Science Fair

Does Chewing Gum help concentration? This project explores whether chewing gum can help a majority of people with focus and concentration. Does chewing gum increase people’s speed and accuracy on simple cognitive tasks? Educators have found that chewing gum can help children struggling with problems related to ADD/ADHD (Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Is it possible that chewing gum can help all of us with focus and concentration? Extra Info Hypothesis Chewing gum can help children struggling with problems related to ADD/ADHD. It's possible that chewing gum can help all of us with focus and concentration. If you use your short-term memory a lot at school, it might pay to kick the habit. If you're thinking through abstract concepts all day long though, the occasional quick chew might give you the boost you need. Chewing gum can improve your ability to reason through complex problems and solve logic puzzles. MATERIALS COMPUTER
PAPER
PENCIL
PRINTER
CHEWING GUM
TIMER
TEST SUBJECTS INDEPENDENT VARIABLE Environment and Tests DEPENDENT VARIABLE The Students Control Groups 5 Students who did not chew gum while taking the test. Trials 2 trials were processed. The Flavor of gum was changed as well as the tests, and the test taking environment.
-Inside the Classroom (Mint Flavored Gum)
-Inside a home (Fruity Flavored Gum) Constants The other students along with the gum and the test. Experimental Procedure Write and print copies (one copy per test subject) of two simple subtraction worksheets.
Have subjects do each of the two worksheets. Subjects should chew gum while doing ONE of the worksheets.
Record how long it took each subject to complete each worksheet.
Score the worksheets for number of problems correct.
Analyze your results. Did chewing gum increase people’s speed and accuracy on subtraction tests?
Try the experiment in different environments, with different test subjects, and under different circumstances, keeping in mind these questions and any others that come up in the course of your research:
Does chewing gum make more of a difference in certain environments (e.g. noisy, crowded, or otherwise distracting environments)?
Does chewing gum make more of a difference to people of certain ages or genders?
Does chewing gum make more of a difference at certain times of day (e.g. early morning or late afternoon)?
Does chewing gum make more of a difference before or after certain activities (e.g. just before lunchtime or after physical exercise)? Data And Results As you can see above the control group is represented by the white bar, which maintained a steady amount of feedback throughout the entire experiment. The grey bar is representing the environment and type of gum as well as the black bar. In the last part of the graph you will notice there is no grey part of the bar which mean there was a rapid decrease in our results. Certain students couldn't pay close attention while staying seating in a classroom, while others in a home felt like they could be free and relax comfortably while taking an important test. The flavors of the gum rarely had an effect on any of the students at all. The five students whom were tested without gum did well through out all of the trials. CONCLUSION All in all the students that were tested did extremely well. Those students who did not chew gum while testing did lightly better than those who chewed flavored gum. The hypothesis stated earlier was proven, chewing gum can help one concentrate and focus. Not so much as helping them when they have ADHD, being that some of the subjects were diagnosed with such disease and it didn't effect them what so ever. Their behavior appeared to be the same as any other day. There could have been more test subjects, or at least a balance between those with ADHD and normal students. The results may have been more accurate that way. Some people concentrate better when they have something that is slightly distracting going on -- like chewing gum, tapping their foot, playing with a pencil, listening to soft music, or any other small thing. Only some people find this is true, though -- if you get caught up chewing and can't concentrate on your work, then you're not one of those people.

Yes, it can. In fact, in the military they use chewing gum to help them concentrate and get rid of extra stress. In tests conducted by Andrew Scholey, it was discovered that your short-term memory is enhanced by chewing gum. Chewing gum is a very helpful tool for children that are of the ages of 7-18. Also, chewing gum helps improve grades due to the fact that people need the extra sugar dose in the morning to keep themselves awake. Gum can be helpful to most while other are distracted. It depends on the person chewing the gum. Some can focus better because the act of chewing helps them block out other distractions. Just remember that what may help you focus could be an annoying distraction to others. If you or your child has ADD or ADHD chewing gum has actually been said to help them focus more.


Some thought that chewing gum helped you concentrate, it might be time to reassess. While some old research has suggested that it can help you with abstract reasoning and logic puzzles, new research reveals that it can completely screw up your short-term memory.
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