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Mexican Deep Culture: More Than Just Tasty Tamales!

This is a semester long project for course Supervised Student Teaching about Mexican culture
by

Erika Clark

on 5 December 2015

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Transcript of Mexican Deep Culture: More Than Just Tasty Tamales!

M
E
X
I
C
O

RATIONALE
Mexicans represent 71% of Hispanics in the U.S and 61% in NY.
Francisco Rivera-Batiz of Teachers College claims that the Mexican population is the fastest growing ethnic group in New York City.
Mexicans first began populating the United States during World War I when the Japanese population could no longer serve as a source of cheap labor.
Mexicans have the highest unemployment rate of immigrants.
Remittances of money to Mexican citizens is one of the highest sources of income.
The inland states actually have the highest rates of emigration to the U.S.
According to the 2010 census, the highest number of Mexicans in New York City have migrated to Jackson Heights, Queens.
EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCES
Literacy rates
Decrease dropout rate and increase the rate of enrollment.
"Oportunidades"
"Enciclomedia
Programa Escuelas de Calidad"
"The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation"
Family obstacles
FOOD
How people ate is based off climate and soil.
Corn, beans, tomatoes, avocados, squash, chilies & chocolate.
Beef and dairy cattle.
Popular Mexican dishes include mole, tamales, chilate, huevos rancheros, churros, & tortillas.
Grasshoppers, crickets, worms, ant eggs & rattle snakes.
Tequila
Chocolate
RELIGION
According to numerous surveys from the Latino American population:
70% Catholic
23% Protestant
6% Non-religious
1% Other World Religions
According to statistics compiled by surveys conducted in Mexico:
88% Roman Catholic
7% Protestant/ Evangelical/ Jehovah's Witness/ Seventh Day Adventist
.25% Mormon
.05% Jewish
3.5% No Religion
Language
Mexican Parental Values on Education
Coyote - Coyotl
Mole - Molli
Aguacate - Ahuacatl
Tomate - Tomatl
Tomato
Chocolate
Guacamole
Words in Mexican Spanish borrowed from Nahuatl
Words in English borrowed from Mexican Spanish
(mostly foods)
Music
Art
Symbols in Mexican Culture
Green
Red
White
Rosa Mexicana (pink color)
Mayan Art
Mesoamerican Art
Aztec Art
Prehistoric Art
Mexican Colonial Era
Rapture Movement-Jose Luis Cuevas
Social Realism/ Mural Art
Jose Clemente Orozco
Frida
Literature
Clothing & Fashion
Clothing Cont.
Clothing for Celebrations
sombrero
charro suit
guaraches
belts with large buckles
Health & Medicine
Gestures
People are not afraid to hug and kiss
Use hands when talking
Men are quieter, whereas women take over the space.
Impossibility
Elation
Welcome
Pecuniosity
Ostentation
Summons
Silence
Attention
Body movement in communication
Looking someone in the eye is considered aggressive or flirtatious.
In Mexico people get closer, probably reflecting the need for closeness with other people.
Because Mexicans are very warm and affectionate people they often touch shoulders or hold the arm of another.
Presence
Born in Mexico- walk faster, hurry more (mother always hurried)
Born in U.S.- slower; Rafael is slower (sways)
Young Mexican Americans take their time
Fanny dominates the space, but outside of family with senoras, she allows others to dominate; louder one
Aesthetics
Gender & Sex Roles
Temporality
It is also common that in Mexico there is less stress on preparing and planning for an event or get together and more energy is placed on “living in the moment and seeing what happens.”

According to Larry Freeman (2004), who has written travel articles for Mexconnect, “To Americans, Mexican time is usually thought of as tomorrow, but Mañana does not mean tomorrow, as everyone seems to think, no, it just means not right now. Mañana is not a promise, not a date, not a commitment, it's just ... not right now.”
Courtship & Marriage
“Stealing the bride”
Catholic way – engagement is a wealthy thing to do.
Males have to approve of the male marrying the female.
Cannot live with partner before marriage.
Marriages took place around 20-25 years of age; now around 30.
Ceremonies & Holidays
Quinceanera
Jan. 1- New Year's Day
Feb. 5- Constitution Day
Feb. 16-21- Carnival
March 21- Benito Juarez's Birthday
March/April- Semana Santa (Holy Week)
Sept. 16- Independence Day
May 3- Holy Cross Day
May 5- Cindo de Mayo
Nov. 1 & 2- Dia de los Muertos
Dec. 12- Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe
Dec. 16- Las posadas
Dec. 24- Christmas Eve
Dec. 28- Day of the Holy Innocents
History of Language
Alphabet
Nahuatl
O
ral language transcribed in the 16th century
Phoneme /w/ with conventional spelling [hu]
Mexican Spanish words that are said today were influenced by Nahuatl’s transcription of /w/ - [hu]
huevo [egg], hueso [bone], hueco [hollow], huego [fire], and even the word Nahuatl.
Language Cont.
Similarities to English
Cognates, SVO, Phonemes
Comparing to other Spanish Languages
Vosotros, Carro/Coche, Usted/Tu
Vowels and Consonants
Tense/Lax vowels, i/e, v/b, th/d
Syntax, Grammar, word order
Subject Drop (Yo estoy corriendo), Adjective before noun (El gato negro), Double Forms (Chico/a)
Semantics
Literal translation - Que hora es? Cuantos anos tienes?
Idioms
Payaso - Clown
Attitudes & Impressions from Non-Mexican Speakers
In order to gather authentic data from Non-Mexicans, our group conducted an electronic survey asking open ended and multiple choice questions about the attitudes and impressions from those who were not classified as Mexican Spanish speakers.

There were 65 people who completed the survey.
Native Homeland: Geography
In North America and borders the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico
Lies between Belize and Guatemala.
It is three times the size of Texas
Popular music in Mexico comes from a blend of the following genres:
Duranguense
Mariachi
Bolero
Pop
Latin Jazz
Ranchera
Mother is in charge of the health care.
Home remedies are passed down from mother to daughter.
Traditional Mexican medicine is derived through their Spanish and indigenous roots.
Supernatural powers are believed to be a cause of diseases, such as the evil eye.
The main traditional healer is known as a "curadera" and is believed to get her power from God.
Rock
Cumbia
Bolero
Electronic
Banda
Corrido
Mexican Ska
Alternative
Juan Rulfo
Carmen L.G.
San Loreno, The Olmecs
Valentina
pan de muerto
Prior to the Spanish invasion- countless tribes spoke one or more indigenous language (60).
Nahuatl - most spoken in some Aztec tribes in Northern and Central Mexico. Mayan spoke in Southern regions.
After Spanish settled - Spanish began to spread out, slowly eliminating various indigenous languages.
Many Spaniards borrowed Nahuatl and other indigenous words, which are still used today.
Preserving indigenous languages
Nahuatl still being the most spoken indigenous language with approx. 1 million speakers. Spanish still remains most spoken.
Native Homeland: History
Pre-Columbian era: The cultures of Oaxaca, the Mayas, the Teotihuacan, the Toltecs, the Zapotecs and Mixtecs and the Aztecs.
1519 to 1620 - The European incursion
1620 - 1770 - Mexico was called New Spain
1770 - 1867 - A New Spain Baroque culture
1770 - 1821- Collapse of New Spain
1867 - 1940 - The reconstruction period
1940 - 1970 -Monopoly Party - “Mexican Miracle”
1970 - 2000 - Economic Crisis & Political Division
Elevation Map
Topographic Map
Climate Map
Beauty in Landscape
Cabo San Lucas
Grill Cactus Pads
Huevos Rancheros
Mazcal
Influence of Religion on Culture and Politics:
Catholicism was brought by the Jesuits and their patron saint is Mary of Guadalupe.
Juarez had church property seized by the state, but relations were good with Diaz.
Their reverence for the Virgin Mary contributes to the culture's marianismo and machismo.
modern
Celebration
Men
Authoritative
Financial providers
Has final say
Has choice to leave house
Oldest male is highest figure in family
Women
Dependent and submissive.
Responsible for caring for house and children.
Doesn't leave house.
Women serve men first, even if a woman is a guest.

Today
Migrating to the U.S. to increase income, both men and women are in the workforce.
Grooming
Very important for little girls to have long hair.

When going to church, you are clean and dressed nicely.
Old School Chola
Make-up
Mexican Sugar Skull
Make-up on child
Eva Longoria

Braids are popular and women tend to put colored strings into their braids.
Hair Styles
Male Hair
*Trill r
Jose Hernandez
Men allow their mustaches to grow and may wear long hair to reflect their indigenous side.
Full transcript