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Chapter 5

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Shahzeen Riaz

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of Chapter 5

Verticals of Adam
THE EDUCATED IMAGINATION
5
FRYE
CHAPTER
NORTHROP

Shahzeen Riaz
Ricky Reyes
Javonte Stanley


THESIS
All literature is related to or came from the bible or mythology. So to understand all literature most scholars know and understand both.
Title Analysis
VERTICALS OF ADAM

Phrase from, Altarwise by owl-light, by
Dylan Thomas

Themes found within the poem:
Biblical
Astrological
Surrealism

Title Analysis Cont'd
In chapter 5 Frye focuses on the
application
of his
theory of literature
he presented in the first 4 chapters.
Foundational Myths
of Literature
Specifically targeting application to
education
of children
"History of Civilization literature follows after mythology"
Myth according to Frye is "a simple and primitive effort of the imagination to identify the human with nonhuman world"
Frye's example "
a story about a god
"
seen in early
Greek
and
Roman
literature
Greek Mythology
Christian Bible
The Bible forms the
lowest stratum
in the teaching of literature.
Frye believes it should be the
first
thing children are taught.
Due to the fact that many texts "quote and allude to" phrases from the bible.
"it's the myth of the Bible that should be the basis of literary training, its imaginative survey of the human situation which is so
broad
and
comprehensive
that everything finds a place within it."
"'Altarwise by owl-light', which tells the story of a 'gentleman'... going through the stages of life and death and rebirth"
Knowledge of the Bible allows a child to
understand
and make
connections
in literature especially as modern texts are introduced.
"We need both the "Bible and the Classical myths...."

The relation between the Bible and Classical myths.
"stories starting with
creation
"
"fall and flood"
"historical
reminiscence
"
"actual
history
"
Children need to be taught these mythologies in order for them to comprehend modern text.
"I’ve taken the title for this talk, ‘Verticals of Adam’, from a series of sonnets by Dylan Thomas, ‘Altarwise by owl-light’, which tells the story of a ‘gentleman’, as Thomas calls him, who is both Adam and Apollo, and moves across the sky going through the stages of life and death and rebirth. These sonnets make very tough reading, and I think one reason why they’re so obscure is that the shape of the central myth of literature broke in on Thomas suddenly at a certain stage of his development, and that it broke with such force that he could hardly get all his symbols and metaphors down fast enough. His later poems, difficult as some of them are, are still much simpler, because by that time he’d digested his mythology."
Dylan Thomas is an example of not being introduced to Biblical and Classical myths as a child.
The Next Step
LITERARY STRUCTURE
Romance
Comedy
Tragedy
Irony
Primary
Secondary
Drama
Simplified and idealized world
Brave heroes

Pure and beautiful heroines
Very bad villains
"All forms of Irony, including satire, stress the complexity of human life in opposition to this simple world."
“ ...the habit of standing back and looking at the total structure of every literary work studied...”
Omnipresent
Prophesies
Taunts
“...difference between imaginative and discursive writing”
Imaginative Discursive
more or less disguised Information
literal meaning
logical
prose
context
story
deeper meaning
accepting the writer's postulates
verse
Teaching the student to "react to the total structure [of the text] as a whole" and not just look for the message/moral.
"English has two contexts which must be in place for the student if his study is to have any reality"
1. The context of
languages
other than
English
(Latin, Greek, and Hebrew)
2. The context of
arts
other than
literature

“Everything man does that's worth doing is some kind of construction and the imagination is the constructive power of the mind set free to work on pure construction, construction for its own sake”
Frye's statement indicates in order to apply imagination to literature, one must apply it to other arts and languages.
Importance of teaching children mythology
exploring and relating arts and languages to mythology
Understanding modern literature
“In literature we have both a theory and a practice”
"The practice is the production of literature by writers of all types”
“The theory is the activity if uniting literature with society and with different contexts that literature itself has.”
Frye expresses the need for children to learn mythology first because it is theory
Modern text is the practice of theory (mythology)
Mythology in Hamlet
Prior knowledge of the bible is required to understand Hamlet
E.g Purgatory, burial customs
Shakespeare uses
Greek imagery
E.g Gods, Seasons
Shakespeare uses
Sophocles
' work (Greek Mythology)

Final Thoughts
In order to apply Frye's theory of literature to education, children must be exposed to mythology and the Bible at a young age. This will allow them to understand modern text; since modern text drives from myths. Also children's imaginations must be urged to explore different arts and languages in order for them to fully understand literature.
Theory
Practice
Oedipus Rex
Hamlet
Mythology in Oedipus Rex
Literary structure:
Tragedy

References Greek Gods and myths
Is a reference for many modern texts
E.g
Hamlet

Full transcript