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The Elizabethan World View
Transcript of The Elizabethan World View
Generally two views of the order of the universe
'Macrocosm' and 'Microcosm'
'The Great Chain of being'
THE GREAT CHAIN OF BEING
WORLD VIEW IN SHAKESPEARE'S PLAYS
Differ from this World View, used strong female characters (Katherine in 'Taming of the Shrew')
Partly represented in his plays though since conflicts are usually solved by men instead of women
INFLUENCE TO PEOPLES ATTITUDE TO POLITICS AND SOCIETY
She destroyed the catholic church and its influence → England became a protestant nation (→ Own Church)
Culture, music, arts, literacy became very popular
Splinted nation changes to confidential and healthy nation
QUEEN ELIZABETH I.
07.09.1533 - 24.03.1603
Promoted culture in England
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Queen Elizabeth I. - Basic Information
2. Elizabethan World View
3. Macrocosm and Microcosm
4. The Great Chain of Being
4.1 World View
4.2 World View in Shakespeares Plays
5. Influence to Peoples Attitude to Politics and Society
Theory developed by ancient Greek philosophers
adapted by Queen Elizabeth I.
Macrocosm is a greek synonym for 'large' and 'ordered world'
Describes human beings and their place in the universe
Individual human being as a little world (mikros kosmos)
Their structure correspond to that of the universe, or great world (makros kosmos, or megas kosmos)
Kosmos = "order" in human societies, reflected in good government
MACROCOSM AND MICROCOSM
SITUATION WITHIN SOCIETY
Appreciated as clear view of the functioning of God’s creation and of man’s position within this creation
Well-structured system of order and hierarchy
Not being obedient to upper 'ranks' would lead to chaos
Hierarchy: 'The Great Chain of Being'
Civil law very important: man to obey civil law in order to keep up order
If man obeys the civil law, he creates harmony within the political body
Women considered weak and unable of conflict-solving, were dependent on the men in their life and supposed to be obedient to men
THE CHAIN OF BEING
Imaginable as a great ladder with many rungs
Everything had its place within it
Lifeless things (minerals, stones, metals, etc.) at the bottom, then plants and trees, after them animals
Afterwards man and above man, angels
God on top, watching over his creation (situated in Heaven outside the universe he created)
Varying degrees within all stages (Kings higher than peasents)