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The Mythology of Greece
Transcript of The Mythology of Greece
Greek God and Goddess Pictures
Even More Greek Monster Pictures
Greek Monster Pictures
The Mythology of Greece
Where They Started
The Cerberus is a three headed dog monster. In some tales he is said to have a serpent-like tail. The Cerberus guards the gates of the Underworld which is controlled by Hades. If a soul enters the underworld, the Cerberus will let you enter but he may not let you exit.
Greek Monsters come from the tales that the Greeks told.They originated from the gods Echidna and Typhon.There are many types of Greek monsters and tales.
The chimera was a fire breathing monster that was part goat,lion,and snake.If you saw the chimera there would be storms,shipwrecks and natural disasters in your way.
Medusa was a gorgon.She had snakes for hair and the power to turn people to stone.One day a hero named Perseus was sent to kill Medusa.
He was successful because of his golden shield which caused a reflection and Medusa turned to stone.
The siren was a monster that looked like a regular human but had wonderful singing.They used their singing to lure nearby sailors to wreck their ships.
The hydra was a many-headed water serpent with many heads.If you cut off one,he would grow two more. Heracles killed the hydra.The hydra was also the guard of the Underworld.
...so she slowed Heracles’s birth by forcing Ilithyia,the goddess of childbirth to sit cross-legged with her clothing tied in knots.
Then she caused Eurystheus to be born prematurely, making him become High King.
His birth would have been slowed forever,but fortunately, Alcmene's servant told Ilithyia that Heracles was already born.That caused her to jump in surprise so that Heracles could be born.
Athena gave Heracles to Hera.She didn't recognize him,so Hera nursed him,giving him supernatural strength.
The Hesperides gave him 5 objects:a knapsack to carry Medusa’s head,a sword to cut it off,Hades’s Helm of Darkness to hide, winged sandals to fly, and a polished shield to see Medusa’s reflection.
He found Medusa sleeping, and using the shield, he was to able to see her reflection without looking at her and cut off her head.
Using the helm of darkness, he escaped from her angry sisters.
He came back to Seriphos,killed Polydectes with Medusa's head,and crowned Dictys king in place of Polydectys.
After he took Deianira as his wife, both of them had to cross a fast-flowing river.
A centaur named Nessus offered to help Deianira cross,but instead,he attempted to rape her.
(The theme of centaurs is that they are tricksters.)
When Heracles found out,he became angry and killed him with a poisoned arrow tipped with Hydra blood.
Later in his youth,he married Megara,and had children by her.Hera gave him a fit of madness,which resulted in his killing them.
Wanting to pay off his debt,he consulted the Oracle of Delphi.She was guided by Hera,so the Oracle said to serve Eurystheus for ten years and do any task that he asked of him.
Eurystheus gave him ten labors,but gave him two more(claiming that two were illegitimate)resulting in the Twelve Labors of Heracles.
They mostly consisted of killing or capturing monsters,like the Hydra and Cretan Bull;or taking objects,like the Golden Apples of the Hesperides.
Zeus came to Danae as a shower of gold,leaving her pregnant with Perseus.
After Perseus was born,Acrisius didn’t want to anger the gods,so he imprisoned both of them in a wooden chest.
They washed up on the island of Serifos and were taken up by Dictys, a fisherman.
Polydectes,the king of the island and Dictys's brother,fell in love with Danae.Perseus tried to protect his mother from him,so Polydectes wanted to send him away.
At his party,Perseus didn't have a gift for him,so he told Polydectes to name any present he wanted,and Perseus would give it to him.Polydectes took the chance to get rid of him and asked Perseus to have Medusa's head as his gift.
Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danaë.Danaë was the daughter of Acrisius,king of Argos.
Disappointed by his lack of a male heir,Acrisius consulted the Oracle of Delphi.She warned him that he would one day be killed by his daughter's son with Zeus.
Trying to evade his fate,Acrisius imprisoned Danae.
Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene. Before he was born,Hera made Zeus swear an oath that the child born on that night in the House of Perseus would become High King.
She knew that Heracles and Eurystheus were both in the descendants of Perseus,and she wanted Eurystheus to become High King...
Athena told Perseus to find the Hesperides(the nymphs who tended Hera's garden),who were guarding weapons needed to defeat Medusa. He searched for the Gray Sisters,who knew where the Hesperides were.
Since the Gray Sisters only had one eye to share,he stole it and held it for ransom in return for the Hesperides' location.They showed him the way in exchange for the eye.
More Greek Monster Pictures
The Twelve Labors of Heracles
Nessus vowed revenge by this:
He gave Deianira his blood-soaked shirt mixed with his semen,saying that when Heracles put it on,he would no longer have affairs with other women.
Deianira began to suspect him of taking another wife,and gave it to Heracles.
When he put it on,he began suffering due to the Hydra poison.
Heracles asked to be put in a pyre to end his suffering.Then he died and became immortal.
The Minotaur is half bull and half man.The Minotaur was born by Pasiphae,Minos's wife, and the Cretan Bull. He guards the Labyrinth,which is a giant maze. Theseus killed the Minotaur,and used a ball of thread to escape from the Labyrinth.
We Hope You Had a Wonderful Time!
Greek Gods And Goddesses
There are three main gods.
They are the first three males of the Olympians, who were born from Cronus and defeated him in the Titanomachy.
Their names are Zeus,Hades, and Poseidon.
Zeus is ruler over the sky and the other Olympians; Poseidon,seas; Hades, the Underworld.
Zeus is known as the ruler of the Greek gods.
He saved all of his siblings from their father, Cronus, by making Cronus regurgitate them.
He is one of the 12 Olympians.
Zeus had 5 wives that he had immortal children with...
But his first one was Metis, an Oceanid. He had Athena with her, and swallowed Metis.
She was one of Zeus's children, born from Zeus's head fullgrown after he swallowed Metis.
She is the goddess of wisdom and strategy in battle.
By:Cheyenne Deleon, Gabriel Bolanos, and Kaylin Parker
To escape, all the other gods- except Athena, Dionysus, and Zeus- transformed into animals and fleed to Egypt. Zeus did not do anything.
Finally, Athena accused Zeus of cowardice, so he defeated Typhon by throwing 100 lightningbolts on top of him. Then he trapped Typhon in Mount Etna.
Typhon and Echidna (continued)
Gaia did not like that Zeus put the Titans in Tartarus.
With Tartarus and in anger of what Zeus did to the Titans, Gaia produced Typhon and Echidna. (After this incident, they married and produced all of the Greek Monsters.) Typhon went against the Olympians and won the first battle, tearing Zeus’s sinews out.But, Hermes took them from Typhon.
Typhon and Echidna
Tt was called the "Titanomachy".In the battle, Cronus’s children; Zeus, Hera, Demeter, Hestia, Poseidon, and Hades, fought against the Titans.
Cronus’s children won the Titanomachy and imprisoned the Titans in Tartarus. (Some Titans did not get put into Tartarus.) They also freed the Cyclops and the Hecatonchires from Tartarus.
Afraid of the same thing would happen to Cronus, he swallowed all his children. Only Zeus did not get eaten up.
Rhea was married to Cronus. She saved Zeus by giving Cronus a rock in place of Zeus to swallow.
He was sent somewhere safe...
No Swallowing Allowed!
Out of all the Titans, Gaia convinced Cronus, the youngest and most ambitious, to castrate Uranus so that the Cyclops and Hecatonchires would be released from Tartarus.
When Uranus’s semen landed into the sea, it produced Aphrodite.
His blood on the land produced the Giants, the Furies, and the Meliae.
However, Cronus did not set his brothers free.
Gaia was still fuming.
After he grew up, Metis, an Oceanid and Zeus's first wife, gave him an emetic (a substance that can make someone throw up) to force Cronus to disgorge Zeus’s siblings. Some sources say that he cut Cronus’s stomach in half, however.
After that, the fight against the Gods and the Titans began.
... to grow up safely.
A fairy goat named Amalthea raised Zeus up in a cave at Mount Ida.
Meanwhile, a company of Kouretes danced, shouted, and clashed their spears against their shields outside the cave so that Cronus would not hear Zeus’s crying.
(However, some sources say that Gaia, a nymph named Adamanthea, a mountain nymph named Melissa, or a nymph named Cynosura raised him.)
Origins of the Gods
Gaia, by herself, gave birth to Uranus, and then, with Uranus, gave birth to the 6 Titans:
Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Oceanus.
And 6 Titanesses:
Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Theia, Themis, and Tethys.
After Cronus was born, Gaia and Uranus decreed that they would not give birth to any other Titans.
They were followed by the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires or Hundred-Handed Ones, who were all thrown into Tartarus by Uranus.
This made Gaia furious, and she planned to do something.
The Birth of The Titans and Their Siblings
Chaos was the first primordial deity. Without a mate, Chaos produced Gaia, Eros, Tartarus, Erebus and Nyx.
Gaia personified the earth,
Eros personified love,
Tartarus personified the Abyss,
Erebus personified the darkness,and
Nyx personified the night.
In the Beginning, There was Chaos…
There were 13 gods.
Also,there were the gods that were either Zeus's kids or Cronus's that were not Olympians.