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JFK's Domestic Policy and Foreign Affairs

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Reni Fashoro

on 31 March 2016

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Transcript of JFK's Domestic Policy and Foreign Affairs

JFK's Domestic Policy & Foreign Affairs
Domestic Policy
on November 8th, 1960, John F Kennedy becomes the youngest candidate ever to be elected president (age 43)
in his inaugural address, Kennedy promised to lead the nation into a New Frontier
Secretary of Defense- Robert McNamara
Economist/Diplomat- John Kenneth Galbraithh
Attorney General- Robert Kennedy
First Lady- Jacqueline Kennedy
Domestic Policy (cont.)
Kennedy called for aid to education, federal support of health care, urban renewal, and civil rights
- most of his domestic plans languished in Congress; several of Kennedy's proposals became law under President Johnson
had more success on economic issues as he faced down big steel executives over a price increase he was inflationary and achieved a price rollback
economy was stimulated by increased spending for defense and space exploration, as the president committed the nation to land on the moon within the next decade
- came true July 20th, 1969
Foreign Affairs
Peace Corps (1961): recruited young American volunteers to give technical aid to developing countries
Alliance for Progress (1961): promoted land reform and economic development in Latin America
Trade Expansion Act of 1962: authorized tariff reductions with the European Economy Community (Common Market) of Western Europe
Bay of Pigs Invasion (1961): Kennedy authorized this invasion planned under Eisenhower for CIA trained Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro in Cuba -> No uprising began and Kennedy denied US forces
Significance: Castro received more aid from the Soviet Union and strengthened his power
Foreign Affairs (cont.)
Berlin Wall: Kennedy and Khrushchev met in Vienna in 1961 and Kennedy refused to pull troops out of Berlin -> East Germans built a wall around West Berlin -> Soviet Union and United States tanks faced off --> "I am a Berliner"
Purpose: stop East Germans from going to West Germany
Significance: symbol of the Cold War until 1989
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962): Russians built underground areas in Cuba for missile launches that could reach the US in minutes -> Kennedy set up a naval blockade of Cuba until weapons were removed -> Khrushchev agreed to remove missiles if Kennedy did not invade Cuba and removed US missiles from Turkey
Significance: Telecommunications hotline established between Washington and Moscow
- Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1963): ended the testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere

Foreign Affairs (cont)
"Brushfire Wars" in Africa and Southeast Asia aided by the Soviet Union
Significance: convinced Kennedy to open a policy of flexible response
Flexible Response: increased spending on conventional arms and mobile military forces (instead of massive retaliation)
Significance: Reduced the risk of nuclear weapons but increased desire to send elite special forces into combat
By: Addison Boully & Morenike Fashoro
Block 2-1
Full transcript