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Transcript of World History
Brought to you by Ms. Amato
(aren't you excited!?!)
Vocabulary Words for week 2
The period before writing was developed.
The study of past societies through analysis of the items people left behind them.
Tools, pottery, paintings, weapons, buildings and household items left by early people.
The study of human life and culture based on artifacts and human fossils.
A remnant or impression of an organism from a past geologic age that has been preserved in the earth's crust.
Humans and other human like creatures that walk upright.
The earliest human like creature that flourished in eastern and southern Africa 3 to 4 million years ago.
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
"Wise, wise human," a species that appeared in Africa between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago; they were the first anatomically modern humans.
A cave painting tour.........
Investigating Primary Sources
What is it and how do I use it?
Checking your sources
Interpreting Primary Sources
Examine the origins of the document
Find the main ideas
Reread the document
Use a variety of resources
Written testimony or documents from a particular era in history or about an important development.
It's a great way to understand how and why people believed and acted as they did in the past.
Analyze them. Are they dependable or reliable?
How much time has passed?
Can the statements be proved?
Make sure you have one!
Is it a primary source?
Read the document or look carefully at it and summarize it in your own words.
Check it over again
Use a dictionary, encyclopedia, and maps to further your understanding about the piece
Quiz #1 8-27-2012
Where in the world would you most likely find a cave painting that looked like this?
Our class textbook has a large section dedicated to primary sources. In what general area is it located?
What is the common name for tools, pottery, paintings, weapons, buildings, and household items left behind by earlier people?
An original document like the Declaration of Independence is considered to be a _____________ source . It's reliability can be proved.
An ________________ is someone who studies human life and culture based on artifacts and human fossils.
A __________ is a remnant or impression of an organism from a past geologic age that has been preserved in the earth's crust.
What is a hominid?
What term do historians and scientists use to define the time before writing was developed?
Modern humans are called Homo __________ ________.
What is not allowed in Ms. Amato's classroom?
Ancient River Civilizations
Vocabulary words for week 3
"wedge-shaped," a system of writing developed by the Sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-shaped impressions on a clay tablet
Cradle of Indian Civilization
3000 B.C. - 1500 B.C flourishing civilizations in the valleys of the Indus River
Harappa 35,000 people
Mohenjo Daro 35,000 people
Both cities carefully planned.
Fresh water supply and sewage removal.
Homes had bathrooms.
Economy based on farming
Evidence of trade with Mesopotamia
About 1500 B.C. there was a major shift in India's culture possibly due to foreign migration.
Tigris and Euphrates River
Mesopotamia means "the land between two rivers."
Inhabitants controlled the rivers using irrigation techniques.
The region had little rain but flooding over time deposited silt along the banks which fertilized the soil.
3000 B.C. Sumerian cities emerge.
Cuneiform writing invented
Developed the wagon wheel, bronze out of copper and tin, crafted metalwork
Achievements in math and astronomy.
The river Nile is the center of ancient Egypt
It's the longest river in the world.
The Rosetta Stone
Hieroglyphics - emerged around 3000 B.C.
Demotic -common script of Egypt
Cities developed at the tip of the delta
Annual flooding is often referred to as the "miracle" of the Nile.
Farmers grew surplus food and made Egypt prosperous.
travel was efficient and quick along the Nile
3100 B.C. King Menes unites the villages of upper and lower Egypt.
Egyptian advances in medicine and astronomy.
Huang He River or Yellow River
Chang Jiang or Yangtze River
flood stage - sometimes called "the river of sorrow."
The valleys between the two rivers were one of the great food-producing rivers of the world.
Geographic barriers isolated the civilization from other parts of Asia.
Civilization founded by the Xia dynasty 1750 B.C. - 1045 B.C.
Quiz #2 8-6-2012
Name the four ancient river civilizations
What is the name of the new cultural period where humans shifted from food foraging to food production?
What's the name for this ancient type of writing?
Copper and Tin are the raw materials for what type of metal used in the ancient river civilizations?
What is this & why is it important to western civilization?
In the early settlements of ancient populations centralized governing authorities provided what for the protection of their citizens?
What's the common name for this region of Earth?
What river is sometimes called "the river of sorrow?"
In ancient _____________, civilizations formed along the Nile ____________.
Name the one ancient river civilization that was isolated from the rest by geographic barriers.
Quiz #3 10-15-2012
What's the name of this building?
Question # 2
In what city can you find the building above?
Much of the architecture in ancient Greece used Doric, Ionian, and Corinthian _____________ for supports.
What do they call this type of battle formation?
What type of food did the ancient Greeks eat?
What's the name of the inland city state of ancient Greece where the warriors were fierce and the army was strong.
What's the name for a single soldier in ancient Greece?
What famous military leader united the ancient Greeks and Macedonians to conquer the Persian Empire?
Name two famous philosophers who lived in ancient Greece.
Name two cultural elements of Western Civilization that originated in ancient Greece.
Quiz #4 11-5-2012
What myth does this picture represent?
Ancient River Civilizations
Who were the plebeians in the Roman Republic?
The Gracchi Brothers - Leaders of the plebeians.
What kind of moral principals was Rome founded upon?
What is the Aqua Claudia and how does it make the ancient city of Rome a good place to live?
When a natural disaster would strike in the ancient Roman world, they thought it was the action of an __________ _________.
What governing body in ancient Rome ruled during the Republic era?
Who was the first Roman governor to invade Germany an Britain?
Explain the word Pax-Romana
What would fit neatly inside the Roman Pantheon Building?
What building material did the Romans invent that's still in use today?
The Dark Ages
The gap between the glory of Rome and Europe's rebirth during the Middle Ages.
The Vandals were looking for gold. They were travelers and carried their state with them.
The Huns flashed through Europe like a comet from the sky
The Huns carried and buried their culture with them.
They needed grass for their horses and ran out when they went past the Hungarian Steppe.
The dark ages were a time of shifting and upheaval.
It was a time of ignorance and savagery.
Huge rivers were the highways and boundaries of the dark ages.
Dark age tribes had sophisticated building skills.
From the 3rd Century onward Europe was cold and wet. War moved the people.
The Vikings brought terror and fear to settlements that developed along the rivers.
The Vikings were masters of the sea. They had a boat for every purpose.
In Spain the Moors moved in. They turned it into a land of culture. The European Muslims specialized in art, science, literature, and music.
Moors valued knowledge for its own sake.
The Dark Ages/ World Religions
Quiz #5 11-16-2012
What happened to the literacy rate in Europe after Rome fell to invaders in A.D. 410?
Who were the ocean going raiders from the North who terrorized Europe during the Dark Ages?
How did half (or more) of Europe's population disappear during the Dark Ages?
If a person wanted to learn to read during the Dark Ages, where would they have to go?
In Judaism, what do they call the first five books of the bible?
Name the sacred text for the religion of Christianity.
In Buddhism, what's the highest spiritual state a person can achieve?
A.) Bodh Gaya
Which attribute or action is not part of the five pillars of Islam?
What's the sacred symbol for the Hindu religion?
What two religions consider this a sacred site?
Fief and peasants
Farm the land
Catholic Church in Western Europe
Pope Urban II
supply route disrupted
Edessa sacked by the Muslims
The King Louis of France and Elinor of Aquitaine
+ 30,000 armed cavalry and soldiers
King Louis sets his sights on Damascus
Defeated. Returns home in disgrace.
Muslim army reaches Jerusalem
English King Richard I
(Richard the Lionhearted)
French King Phillip II
German emperor Frederick Barbarossa
The Feudal Age/ Crusades
Quiz #6 12-3-2012
During the Feudal Age, knights were supposed to uphold a code of ethics called what?
During the Feudal Age, kings gave lords vast areas of land and peasants in exchange for what?
What religion had a major influence on European life in the Middle Ages?
What Eastern Roman Empire was both a Christian and Greek state?
What major city was the Eastern Roman Empire centered around?
From the eleventh through the thirteenth centuries, European Christians carried out military expeditions to the Holy Land called the what?
In June of 1099 the European warriors reached the Holy city of ____________ and captured it amid a horrible massacre of its muslim inhabitants.
In the 1140's Muslims began to strike back at the Christina invaders. This instigated a second wave of European warriors to go to the Holy Land. They were headed up by King Louis VII of ______________.
In 1187 the Holy city fell to Muslim forces under the military leader ______________.
What king around 1189 negotiated with the Muslim military leader to allow pilgrims free access to the Holy city?
The Renaissance and Reformation
The Mona Lisa
By Leonardo da Vinci
Combines nature, architecture, human form and geometry.
Pyramid in form.
Madonna of the Meadow
calm, harmonious, restrained
St. Francis in Ecstasy
Lots of detail
Michelangelo's first great work of sculpture
Michelangelo's favorite material was marble
The Pieta is his only signed work (seen on a band across her chest).
Leonardo da Vinci
Based on the literary works of ancient Greece and Rome.
Humanists studied grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history.
The Florence Cathedral
Hospital of Innocents
The Italian Renaissance
Quiz # 7 12-13-2012
Name the two ancient cultures that had a large influence on the Italians during the Renaissance.
During the Renaissance people who studied subjects like grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy and history were called __________________.
What type of geometric shape did many Renaissance painters use for their works?
What did Filippo Brunelleschi contribute to the Renaissance?
How did Leonardo da Vinci learn about human anatomy?
A.) He dissected human bodies.
B.) He observed surgeons.
C.) He attended the Florence school of medicine.
D.) He read detailed books.
Who created these works of art?
What material were they made out of?
What health problem caused people to abandon the Feudal system and move to larger cities?
Who were the most important rulers during the Renaissance?
A.) Catholic Priests
C.) Wealthy Political Rulers
Name this incredibly famous Renaissance painting.
A system of knotted strings used
by the Inca people for keeping records.
Goods or money paid by conquered
peoples to their conquerors.
A picture or symbol used in a hieroglyphic system of writing. (Hieroglyphics are "priest carvings" or "sacred writings," a complex system of writing that used both pictures and more abstract forms; used by the ancient Egyptians and Mayans.)
Iroquois house about 150 to 200 feet (46 to 61 m) long built of wooden poles covered with sheets of bark and housing about a dozen families
sun dried brick
A Spanish conqueror of the
The extensive exchange of plants and animals between the old and new worlds, especially during the 16th and 17th centuries.
making adobe brick
The First North Americans
The Aztec Empire
Francisco Pizarro 1471-1541
Quiz #1 1-17-2013
Name one culture that was not part of the First North Americans.
D.) Mound Builders
The Maya created a sophisticated writing system based on what?
D.) Mayan Script
The Aztecs believed the most precious thing a mere mortal could offer to the gods was what?
A.) A human heart
B.) Golden charms
C.) Sacred emeralds
D.) Large temples of worship
What was the only form of transportation for the Inca?
C.) Foot travel
D.) Boats/Sophisticated waterways
What's "the Columbia Exchange?"
A.) Spain's rule over Central America
B.) The transfer of coffee to the Old World for material goods
C.) The extensive exchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old and New Worlds.
D.) A name for the practice of taking North and South Americans to Europe as slaves.
What were the Conquistadors like Cortez and Pissaro in search of when the raided Central and South America?
A.) A passage to the East Indies
B.) Spices and Chocolate to take back to the Old World.
C.) Slaves and land to grow cash crops
What was the most powerful state in the New World?
What disease did the Conquistadors bring with them to the New World that resulted in an estimation of 95% of the population dying?
D.) Small Pocks
Where did the Conquistadors decide to bring their gold?
A.) To the large trading cities in Italy
B.) To Spanish ports
C.) To China in exchange for goods to bring back to the Old World
D.) To the King and Queen of Spain
What type of effect did the influx of gold have on the Old World?
A.) Not much of an effect.
B.) Spain grew to be the most powerful nation in the world
C.) It caused wars and the most of the inhabitants wanted to start fresh in the New World
D.) Each nation began a period of peace that lasted for 100 years.
Quiz #2 2-1-2013
1.) What's another well known name for the period of Enlightenment?
2.) Nicolaus Copernicus, a mathematician, thought that his ___________________, or sun centered, conception of the universe off a more accurate conception of the heavens than previous ideas.
3.) Why was Voltaire important during the enlightenment period?
A.) His scientific discoveries are still used today
B.) His writings reached a vast audience and swayed public opinion
C.) He was the King of France
D.) He caused the Catholic church to become very weak
4.) An eighteenth-century religious philosophy called _____________, was based on reason and natural law and likened the universe to a clock with God as the clockmaker.
5.) Who discovered the scientific method of reasoning that we still use today?
A.) Albert Einstein
B.) Francis Bacon
C.) Rene Descartes
D.) Isaac Newton
6.) During the age of enlightenment, what important advance happened in the discipline of mathematics?
D.) All of the above
7.) What influenced European Politics in the 18th century?
8.) Who was one of the first European monarchs to use the ideas of the enlightenment in politics?
A.) Frederick II of Prussia
B.) Joseph II of Austria
C.) Catherine the Great of Russia
D.) All of the above
9.) During the 18th century's Age of Reason, many philosophers met in _______________ to discuss important discoveries and take part in intellectual conversations.
10.) The _____________ ________________ philosophy of economics maintains that individuals should be free to pursue their own economic interest without interference from government.
A.) Dolce Vita
C.) Social Contract
D.) Enlightened Absolutism
The French Revolution
Quiz #4 2-18-2013
What's the name of the palace where King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette lived before the French Revolution (the name will be important during the study of WWI)?
A.) Palais de Beaulieu
B.) Palais de Chenonceau
C.) Palais de Tuileries
D.) Palais de Versailles
During the reign of King Louis XVI, what was the economic climate of France outside the palace gates?
A.) People were deprived and hungry.
B.) The economy was robust with strong international trade of lace and silk.
C.) The poor were needy but everyone else was doing well financially.
D.) The French were hungry but happy because the economy was turning around for the better.
During the reign of King Louis XVI, what was France's main food staple?
C.) Wine and cheese
D.) All of the above
Who was represented by the "Third Estate" in France?
A.) The wealthy
B.) The Clergy
C.) Farmers, merchants, and peasants.
D.) Everyone was represented by the Third Estate
What was the name of the large stone prison that stood in the middle of Paris during the 16th and 17th century?
A.) Place de la Concorde
B.) The Bastille
C.) Place de la Guillotine
D.) Place de la Mort
During the French Revolution there was an increased freedom of the press. Which author wrote prolifically during that time and stirred the people to political, and often times bloody, action?
What was the most common tool of death used during the French Revolution to execute the king, queen, and those found loyal to the monarchy?
A.) Firing Squad
What's the name of the man who guided the French Revolution?
A.) Napoleon Bonaparte
B.) Maximilian Robespierre
C.) Monsieur Barentin
D.) Colonel Malouet
During the period of "The Great Terror," the number of executions by guillotine rose up to ____________ per month.
10.) What were the political implications of The French Revolution?
A.) It solidified the monarchy as the ultimate power over the people.
B.) The revolution tore apart the old feudal fabric of Europe.
C.) France became a third world country without any real leadership.
D.) France became the most dominant country in the world.
The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution
Quiz #5 2-28-2012
What was the main source of energy used by industry in 1780?
b.) Fossil Fuel
c.) Peat moss
What was the power source for almost all machines (forty years later) in the 1820's?
What happens to a region when there is an increased food supply?
a.) Populations increase
b.) Cities grow smaller
c.) It becomes unsafe because other regions want to take their goods
d.) The people become less social because they don't need anything and are self sufficient
What does the term "puddling" refer to?
a.) creating a large pond near a factory for industrial use
b.) the process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron
c.) a method by which factories use a system of pipes and chimneys to keep smoke out of the buildings
d.) a method of melting pig iron into steel for industrial applications
What was a part of the everyday working routine in factories?
a.) child labor
c.) long hours
d.) all of the above
Before the Industrial Revolution, where did most people find employment?
a.) In factories
b.) in small towns
c.) at home on farms
d.) in coal mines
How were children treated when they worked in factories during the Industrial Revolution?
a.) children were treated well with regular breaks and nap time
b.) children had little rights, but were treated fairly as long as they worked.
c.) children were regularly whipped and made to work long hours
d.) children worked alongside their parents and were treated with respect as long as they did their work.
What was the purpose of the Factory Act of 1833?
a.) to make working conditions safer for everyone
b.) to protect children in the factories
c.) to allow big industries to have tax breaks so they could hire more employees
d.) all of the above
What's another name for the Industrial Revolution?
a.) the factory age
b.) the machine age
c.) the age of industry
d.) the age of industrial progress
How were women factory workers treated compared to men?
a.) during the Industrial Revolution men and women were treated as equals.
b.) women didn't work in the factories
c.) women had menial jobs and were paid less
d.) women were allowed to work but were only to cook for the men and clean the cotton up from the floors
the process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war
ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
a war that involves the complete mobilization of
resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields
fighting from ditches protected by barbed wire, as in
War of attrition
a war based on wearing the other side down by
constant attacks and heavy losses, such as WWI
economic systems directed by government agencies
having no restrictions or bounds
Quiz #6 3-26-2013
What international incident is widely known to have started WWI?
A.) The German invasion of Poland
B.) The build up of forces by the French along the German boarder
C.) The sinking of the Titanic
D.) The assassination of Austria's Arch Duke Ferdinand
During war, the act of wearing the other side down by constant attacks and heavy losses is called what?
A.) A war of wergild
B.) Trench warfare
C.) Guerilla War
D.) A War of Attrition
What's the middle ground between two armies called?
A.) The Dead Zone
B.) Davey Jones's Locker
C.) No Man's Land
D.) Ground Zero
One hazard soldiers faced in the trenches was..........
A.) Rat bites
B.) Body lice
C.) Trench foot
D.) All of the above
What's the well known term used for ideas that are spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause?
D.) Historical Reference
Name the term used for world powers who assemble their troops and supplies to make them ready for war.
A.) Taking troop stock & equipment inventory
B.) Assembling of forces
D.) Census taking
Why did the U.S. decide to enter into WWI?
A.) We wanted to help the British
B.) President Wilson had a longstanding feud with the Germans
C.) The Germans sank the British ocean liner "The Lusitania"
D.) German submarines fired on ships in New York harbor
When were airplanes first used in battle?
A.) Shortly before WWI
C.) Vietnam War
D.) During WWI
Why was WWI so destructive?
A.) Because it was a war of attrition
B.) Because it came after the industrial revolution and weapons were more deadly than in previous wars
C.) Both A & B
D.) None of the above
Name a battlefield that was not in WWI.
A.) Masurian Lakes
Quiz #7 4-16-2013
The Russian Revolution
Why was the Russian government unprepared for
involvement in WWI?
A.) They had just finished fighting the Russo-Japanese War.
B.) They had never been involved in a war before.
C.) They didn't have any factories in Russia to produce weapons of war.
D.) WWI started during spring harvest season and they didn't have any trained soldiers.
How did the general population of Russia feel about Czar Nicholas II during WWI?
A.) That he was a great military leader and a caregiver of the population.
B.) That his alliance with Austria - Hungary was questionable.
C.) That he was incompetent and incapable of military and domestic leadership.
D.) That he was too young to be effective on the battle field.
Why did Russian citizens mistrust Czar Nicholas IIs wife Alexandra?
A.) She was German born.
B.) She put her faith in a questionable character named Rasputin.
C.) She seemed "out of touch" with the problems of Russian citizens and called them "hooligans."
D.) All of the above.
How did the questionable character Rasputin die?
A.) He disappeared and was never found.
B.) He was murdered by the Czar's cousin.
C.) An angry mob stormed the Winter Palace and killed him.
D.) The Bolsheviks sent him to Siberia and he died of exhaustion.
What happened on "Bloody Sunday?"
A.) Angry mobs smashed bakery windows in Petrograd to demand lower prices.
B.) The Czar and his family was murdered.
C.) Russia lost the battle over Poland to the Germans
D.) Czar Nicholas II's Imperial Forces opened fire on peaceful protesters on January 22nd, 1905.
After Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne, why was his family put under guard?
A.) Because German spies were desperately trying to kill him.
B.) In order to prevent assassination and escape.
C.) To prevent Czar Nicholas from going to the front lines and interfering with battle operations.
D.) To keep the royal family from trying to steal the crown jewels.
What political philosophy was instrumental to the Russian Revolution?
What is the name for Russia's provisional government that was created after the Czar abdicated?
A.) The Duma
C.) The High Council
D.) The High Court
What is the name for the charismatic leader of the Bolshevik party who successfully caused Russians to create a revolution?
A.) Benito Mussolini
B.) Adolf Hitler
C.) Karl Marx
D.) V. I. Lenin
What could be considered "war communism?"
A.) The government controls banks.
B.) The government controls most industries.
C.) Centralized state administration
D.) All of the above.
After the Bolshevik party was in power, they changed their name to _________________.
WWII Quiz #1
What was the economy like in Germany between WWI and WWII?
A.) It was robust
B.) It was recovering from WWI
C.) Germany had 35 % - 40% unemployment and they were desperate for a leader.
D.) The economy had flat lined. It was neither good nor bad.
Who did Hitler feel was responsible for all Germany's problems?
A.) The Arabs
B.) The Jews
C.) The Americans
D.) The Allied Powers
What event started WWII?
A.) Germany attacked Poland on September 1st, 1939
B.) The sinking of the British ocean liner The Lusitania
C.) The British Naval bombing of the German coastal city of Hannover
D.) Germany's invasion of The Soviet Union on December 15th, 1940
What's the English definition of Blitzkreig?
A.) The name of Germany's Air force
B.) Germany's political philosophy during WWII
C.) A slang term for German soldiers
D.) A swift and sudden military attack
When the Germans occupied northern France during WWII, it was called __________ _________.
A.) Vichy France
B.) The German Riviera
C.) Axis France
D.) The Rhineland
Why was Japan so aggressive during the early 1900's?
A.) Their Emperor wanted to dominate all of Western Asia
B.) Russia and China wanted to control the islands of Japan
C.) They needed resources to grow their economy
D.) All of the above
Who was part of the Tripartite pact?
A.) England, France, Poland
B.) Germany, Japan, and Italy
C.) The U.S., France, and the Soviet Union
D.) Japan, Australia, and China
What was Japans planned objective when attacking the U.S. at Pearl Harbor?
A.) To warn us against aggression in the Pacific
B.) To take over Hawaii for strategic reasons
C.) To knock out all of our aircraft carriers so we couldn't wage war in the Pacific
D.) It was an accident. They thought it was Malaysia.
What is considered to be a full employment economy?
A.) Everyone is working
B.) Employment rate drops below 1%
C.) The New York Stock Exchange goes higher than 20,000 points
D.) None of the above
WWII Quiz #2
1.) In 1945, the last year of WWII, how fast were battle ships being built?
a.) One every three weeks
b.) One per month
c.) One every twenty four hours
d.) One every week
2.) What was the turning point in the war of the Pacific?
a.) Battle of Midway
c.) Attack on Pearl Harbor
d.) Bomb drop on Hiroshima
3.) How would German subs travel in the Atlantic Ocean during WWII?
a.) In wolf packs
b.) single file to avoid enemy detection
c.) In a fan formation
d.) In a 200 mile radius of one another
4.) How did the allies try to fool German troops in regard to D-day?
a.) They stationed 300 boats off the French coast
b.) They put up fake army camps at the closest point between England and France
c.) They sent spies over to Germany telling of the exact time, date and location, only to change plans at the last minute
d.) They bombed strategic German defenses several hundred miles away from where they actually wanted to land troops
5.) What was Japan's biggest problem during WWII?
b.) The Emperor Hirohito and his quest for peace
c.) Rogue army generals
d.) Access to resources
6.) What statement best describes the Bushido code.
a.) Live free or die
b.) Death before dishonor
c.) Freedom before captivity
d.) Long live the Emperor
7.) What is the name for the atomic bomb project developed during WWII?
a.) Manhattan Project
b.) Project Saturn
c.) Project X
d.) Operation Chicago Fire
8.) What type of German camp used Jews, Slavs and Gypsies for slave labor during WWII?
9.) Why did the Russians stop just outside of Berlin at the ending of WWII?
a.) They wanted to see what the British and Americans would do
b.) They ran out of supplies and manpower, just short of their goal
c.) They were counter attacked by the Germans who were trying to hold out for a last ditch effort to save their city.
d.) They didn't stop. They conquered Berlin and killed Hitler.
10.) What does V.E. Day represent?
a.) Valiant Effort Day
b.) Very good Everyone Day
c.) Victory Europe Day
d.) None of the above
11.) What caused American soldiers a large amount of stress as they got closer to the Japanese mainland?
a.) Kamikaze attacks
b.) Chemical warfare attacks
c.) The Japanese Zeros
d.) Unpredictable civilians
12.) What two cities in Japan were the recipients of American atomic bombs during WWII?
a.) Tokyo and Kyoto
b.) Nagasaki and Hiroshima
c.) Sapporo and Osaka
d.) Nagano and Matsue
13.) What finally ended the war in the Pacific?
a.) Both sides called a truce
b.) Americans staged a land invasion on the main islands of Japan and they were defeated
c.) Emperor Hirohito ended the deadlock between his army generals and chose to surrender
d.) Japans top army generals committed suicide