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The Great Gatsby: Forshadowing

Foreshadowing in the great gatsby

Jay Gatsby

on 21 January 2013

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby: Forshadowing

Foreshadowing Gatsby and Daisy's Affair Foreshadowing What is foreshadowing?

-frequent throughout the novel to indicate what may happen

-can be conscious or unconscious

-little details in one event match another

-many similarities between events that we do not notice. it makes us accept what happens so it is not shocking

-in Gatsby, Fitzgerald uses colour, imagery, symbolism, pathetic fallacy, light and dark imagery, dialogue and action to foreshadow Gatsby's
Death All major events and characters are involved with foreshadowing Gatsby’s death • Chapter 2: Owl Eyes was cautious and acted as if Gatsby’s house was falling apart: “He snatched the book from me and replaced it hastily on its shelf, muttering that if one brick was removed the whole library was liable to collapse” (Fitzgerald 47).

• This shows that Gatsby’s house is unstable, foreshadowing that Gatsby’s downfall reflects his life (Breakable house, breakable life) • Gatsby takes blame for Myrtle’s death to protect Daisy: “’Was Daisy driving?’ ‘Yes...but of course I’ll say I was’” (Fitzgerald 137).

• Daisy killed Myrtle but Gatsby takes the blame since Daisy was driving his car anyways.

• Gatsby knows he is the prime suspect and had a chance to flee but: “He couldn’t possibly leave Daisy until he knew what she was going to do. He was clutching at some last hope and I couldn’t bear to shake him free” (Fitzgerald 141).

• Gatsby’s strong feelings for Daisy show that he will not leave her to take the blame and punishments

• This confusion makes Wilson believe that Gatsby is the killer Gatsby's lifestyle Taking the Blame •Wilson also believes that Gatsby had an affair with Myrtle: “a couple of months ago his wife had come from the city with her face bruised and her nose swollen....’She ran out to speak to him and he wouldn’t stop’” (Fitzgerald 149, 151).

•Wilson thinks that someone injured his wife and that the they had a secret affair.

•Wilson links Myrtle's death with the thought of a secret lover.

•This causes him to become mentally ill: “Wilson incorrectly believes that the man in the yellow car (Gatsby) was Myrtle’s secret lover, and that he murdered her when she ran out to see him....Wilson’s mental condition has progressed from bad earlier in the day to worse, as he begins referring to a nearby optometrist’s billboard—with the enormous eyes of Doctor T.J Eckleburg on it—as ‘God’ (167)” (Dwyer). Confusion and Consequences Nick's Nightmare •Chapter 8: Nick cannot sleep which foretells/foreshadows Gatsby is in trouble: “I couldn’t sleep all night; a fog-horn was groaning incessantly on the Sound, and I tossed half-sick between grotesque reality and savage, frightening dreams. Toward dawn I heard a taxi go up Gatsby’s drive, and immediately I jumped out of bed and began to dress—I felt that I had something to tell him, something to warn him about, and morning would be too late” (Fitzgerald 140).

•Nick has a nightmare and a feeling that he needs to warn Gatsby of something.

•Foreshadows trouble headed directly to Gatsby Pathetic Fallacy •Before Wilson arrives to kill Gatsby, Gatsby decides to take a swim in the pool.

•The day he swims is the first day of autumn.

•Autumn: The season where nature starts to die.

•Jordan Baker says: “’Life starts all over again when it gets crisp in the fall’” (Fitzgerald 113).

•Jordan states that things begin anew in autumn.

•Foreshadows: Gatsby’s death because, like the season, life starts to die.

•Summer signifies liveliness. This represents Gatsby's life and his romance with Daisy flourishing

•Autumn signifies death. This represents the death of Gatsby and Gatsby’s relationship with Daisy

•By things starting over it foreshadows that everyone will move away and start new lives elsewhere. Taking his life away • Before swimming in the pool, Gatsby was wearing pink

• “His gorgeous pink rag of a suit made a bright spot of colour against the white steps” (Fitzgerald 147).

• The colour pink represents good health and life

• When Gatsby takes off the pink suit to change in his swim suit, his good health and life are symbolically stripped away.

• Combined with the meaning of autumn, this foreshadows Gatsby’s death

• “The night had made a sharp difference in the weather and there was an autumn flavour in the air....At two o’clock Gatsby put on his bathing-suit and left word with the butler that if anyone phoned word was to be brought to him at the pool....'Mr. Gatsby’s dead'" ( Fitzgerald 146, 153,158).

• Gatsby was shot and died in the pool. Death in Water • Water is used often throughout the novel to foreshadow Gatsby's death.

• Chapter 6: Miss Beadeker complains about drowning in a pool: "'Anything I hate is to get my head stuck in a pool,' mumbled Miss Baedeker. 'They almost drowned me once over in New Jersey'" (Fitzgerald 103).

• Miss Baedeker almost drowned in a pool --> Gatsby died in a pool

• The two scenes are connected by the use of water imagery of the pool • Another foreshadow: It rained when Gatsby reunited with Daisy. This foreshadows trouble (possibly involving water).

• at the end of the novel it rains during Gatsby's funeral. Which then proves Daisy and Gatsby do not get together.

• “Foreshadowing Gatsby’s death in chapter 6, there is an odd little allusion to this ceremony when Miss Baedeker, who is drunk, complains about getting “[her] head stuck in a pool:’ Fitzgerald means the reader to see Gatsby as a vegetation god, or life symbol, and that is why the life—giving rain and sun accompany him. Following this interpretation, Gatsby’s death would be necessary sacrifice to regenerate the land. That explains Nick’s words, when the second body, that of Wilson (by poetic justice, the murderer is the “representative” of the valley of ashes) is found: “The holocaust was complete” (P.169)” (Bloom). Another Tom Still
Loving Daisy The excuse and reason to keep Daisy The Excuse • One thing that foreshadows Tom's choice to keep Daisy over Myrtle is when Nick finds out Tom's excuse for why he has not divorced Daisy to marry Myrtle.

• "'It's really his [Tom's] wife that's keeping them apart. She's a Catholic, and they don't believe in divorce.' Daisy was not a Catholic, and I was a little shocked at the elaborateness of the lie" (Fitzgerald 36).

• Nick finds out that Tom lies about Daisy being Catholic so that he can stay with Daisy. This shows that Tom does not want to leave her. More • Tom does not want to leave Daisy because "her voice is full of money" (Fitzgerald 115).

• Daisy is educated, wealthy, and raised to perfection, unlike Myrtle

• The difference between Daisy and Myrtle is the deciding point for Tom in which he chooses Daisy.

• Tom Chooses Daisy "Because he [Tom] is so callous and superficial, he will stay with Daisy just to make himself look better" (Gillum). Tom Likes Power • Tom likes to have power and wants to stay "on top." To do this he will have to keep Daisy.

• Myrtle thinks that Daisy means nothing and yells "Daisy" multiple times. This makes Tom furious

•Tom does not mind hurting Myrtle to protect Daisy. Gatsby wants to reunite with his love, Daisy Green Light • The green light on Daisy's dock represents Gatsby's hope to reunite with her: “[Gatsby] stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way....I [Nick] glanced seaward – and distinguished nothing except a single green light...that might have been the end of a dock. When I looked once more for Gatsby he had vanished, and I was alone again in the unquiet darkness” (Fitzgerald 25).This foreshadows that Gatsby is hopeful for being able to be with Daisy

• When Gatsby vanishes from the scene when he looks at the green light, this foreshadows that Daisy will also vanish from Gatsby's life (they will never get together) Blind from the Truth • Gatsby does not understand Daisy's love for him is superficial: “Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that’s no matter – tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms further . . . And one fine morning – So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past” (Fitzgerald 171- 172).

• Gatsby thought he could obtain his dream of being with Daisy even after five years of waiting

• Gatsby does not see that Daisy has changed The Reunion • The day Gatsby reunited with Daisy foreshadowed trouble: "The day agreed upon was pouring rain" (Fitzgerald 81).

• Pathetic fallacy was used to foreshadow that Gatsby and Daisy’s relationship would not work.

• However, Gatsby still tries to hold onto his dream: "He had been full of the idea so long, dreamed it right through to the end, waited with his teeth set, so to speak, at an inconceivable pitch of intensity. Now, in the reaction, he was running down like an over-wound clock" (Fitzgerald 89). Superficial Love • Even though Gatsby and Daisy seem to get along, a few parts foreshadow their separation.

• such as Daisy's superficial love for Gatsby: “‘They’re such beautiful shirts,’ she sobbed, her voice muffled in the thick folds. ‘It makes me sad because I’ve never seen such – such beautiful shirts before’” (Fitzgerald 89).

• Daisy only cries when she sees the shirts because she realizes that Gatsby is wealthy, thus sparking her materialistic love for him.

• Since Daisy's love is materialistic, this foreshadows that she never really loved him, just his money The Clock •Gatsby's love blinds him from seeing the consequences that will happen in the future: “Luckily the clock took this moment to tilt dangerously at the pressure of his head, whereupon he turned and caught it with trembling fingers, and set it back in place....'I'm sorry about the clock,' he said....'It's an old clock,' I told them idiotically” (Fitzgerald 84).

• The clock symbolizes time --> foreshadows that Gatsby will stumble upon trouble for wanting to relive the past: “'Can't repeat the past?‘ he cried incredulously. 'Why of course you can!'“(Fitzgerald 106).

• Gatsby really wants to repeat past --> foreshadows that he will stop at nothing to win Daisy back Tom Sets a Bad Example • Tom and Daisy do not have a good relationship

• Tom was not even there for Daisy when she was in labour

• Tom cheated on Daisy with Myrtle

• Daisy feels she can do the same since Tom did it to her

• Daisy only chose Tom because she prefers the luxury items and security Tom offered. Shallow, Materialistic Society • Daisy has an affair with Gatsby because he was wealthy, but as soon as she found out Gatsby was a bootlegger, she leaves him

• Daisy is shallow and plays between the who men: “'Gatsby?' demanded Daisy. ’What Gatsby?’" (16) and "'What?'...’Who is "Tom?"’ she asked innocently” (Fitzgerald 81).

• Daisy playfully questions as if she did not know either of them.

• Daisy is a perfect representation of “’Civilization’s going to pieces...’” (Fitzgerald 18). The Fight and Discovery Tom discovers that Daisy is going out with Gatsby, which later on escalates into conflict Tom Has an Ego • Tom is controlling and likes to be superior.

• He has a temper as stated in chapter two: "Making a short deft movement, Tom Buchanan Broke her [Myrtle's] nose with his open hand" (Fitzgerald 39).

• Tom does this to protect Daisy after Myrtle implies that Daisy is worthless Tom's Suspicion of Daisy's Affair • Tom treats Daisy as if she is valuable property and becomes suspicious of Gatsby who threatens to take Daisy away from him.

• "I've [Tom] made a small investigation of this fellow [Gatsby]....a small investigation of his past" (Fitzgerald 116).

• Tom is suspicious and does not trust Gatsby.

• Foreshadows conflict between the two, especially since Tom has a temper/jumps to conclusions. More •Tom finds out that Gatsby and Daisy are having a secret affair and gets jealous.

•Tom knows why Daisy loves Gatsby and wants to settle things/keep Daisy away from Gatsby, thus Tom invites Gatsby over to finish things. The Heat Rises • Gatsby is invited over on the hottest day of the summer: "Some weather! . . . Hot! . . . Hot! . . . Hot! . . . Is it hot enough for you? Is it hot? Is it . . .?" (Fitzgerald 109).

• Pathetic fallacy was used here to foreshadow the rise in tension.

• The heat then reflects the tension between Tom and Gatsby: "'You don't understand,' said Gatsby with a touch of panic....'Daisy's leaving you'....' She's not leaving me!'" (Fitzgerald 127).

• Gatsby and Tom argue about who Daisy loves and who she will choose until Tom reveals that Gatsby is a bootlegger Thus • Tom also reminds Daisy of past memories they had together.

• Tom ends the argument by announcing that Daisy and him are going home and that Daisy and Gatsby's "little flirtation is over" (Fitzgerald 129). Myrtle's Death Abuse • Tom hits Myrtle because she mentions Daisy's name: “Tom Buchanan and Mrs Wilson stood face to face discussing... whether Mrs Wilson had any right to mention Daisy’s name....Then there were bloody towels upon the bathroom floor, and women’s voices scolding, and high over the confusion a long broken wail of pain” (Fitzgerald 39).

• Myrtle gets injured because of an argument involving Daisy. Reckless Driving • Chapter 7: Myrtle is killed in a car accident caused by Daisy, revealing that Daisy was again the reason behind the violence: "'Was Daisy driving?' 'Yes'" (Fitzgerald 137).

• Chapter 3: a car accident occurred because of reckless driving: "In the ditch beside the road, right side up, but violently shorn of one wheel, rested a new coupe" (Fitzgerald 54).

• Owl Eyes was driving impaired and crashed into a ditch. This foreshadows Myrtle's death
• The car is a symbol of wealth and serves as an instrument of death. More Reckless Driving • Something else that foreshadows Myrtle's death is when Nick states that "You're [Jordan] a rotten driver....Either you ought [sic] to be more careful or you oughtn't [sic] to drive at all" (Fitzgerald 59).

• In response Jordan says she is allowed to drive badly as long as everyone else drives carefully: "It takes two to make an accident" (Fitzgerald 59).

• meaning that Jordan will be fine driving as long as other people are careful.

• This foreshadows that Myrtle’s death will be due to reckless driving. All of the constant traveling between the island and New York made it likely some important event would occur there and would involve Myrtle.

• Right before her death, Nick, Tom, and Jordan drive home. Nick narrates that they are driving toward death: "So we drove on toward death through the cooling twilight" (Fitzgerald 129).

• They are driving towards the scene of Myrtle's death. Gatsby's Funeral Society only cares about money Society is Shallow • Many people knew of Gatsby, but few attended his funeral.

• Materialism was hinted constantly throughout the book to foreshadow and reveal that Gatsby was truly alone

• Hints about society being shallow and materialistic is spread out through the novel.

• Tom and Daisy represent the materialistic society.

• Daisy, being one of the few who represent the materialistic society, symbolizes: “Civilization’s going to pieces” (Fitzgerald 18). The materialistic society foreshadows Gatsby’s tragic fall. Daisy Does Not Care • Daisy left Gatsby because he was poor when he was in the military.

• She wants money and a high class guy

• Gatsby becomes wealthy --> strikes Daisy's interest because of her materialistic love

•Their love is not pure or true

• Daisy did not wait for Gatsby to return from the war and will not divorce Tom to be with Gatsby either. She did not even send a flower to Gatsby's funeral.

• Daisy’s materialistic relationship reflects how other people feel towards Gatsby. One of Gatsby’s servants did not really respect Gatsby at all: “‘I was asleep,’ cried Mr Klipspringer, in a spasm of embarrassment. ‘That is, I’d been asleep. Then I got up...'“ (Fitzgerald 91). Klipspringer wakes up grouchy. More • In the beginning of the novel Gatsby is found looking at the green light located on Daisy's dock.

• Gatsby is hopeful to be with Daisy, but then vanishes in the darkness.

• When he disappears into the darkness, it foreshadows that Daisy will also do the same AKA abandon him later.

• Daisy was close to Gatsby but did not attend or do anything to show her sympathy: “They were careless people, Tom and Daisy – they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made” (Fitzgerald 170). Yet another who fails to show • If Klipspringer truly cared for Gatsby, he would have played music for Gatsby when asked instead of making a big deal out of it.

• Klipspringers grouchy behaviour shows irritation towards Gatsby.

• Foreshadows his lack of attendance to Gatsby's funeral • Klipspringer would rather attend a picnic than go to Gatsby's funeral

• Klipspringer ends up calling to retrieve a pair of shoes: “‘What I called up about was a pair of shoes I left there. I wonder if it’d be too much trouble to have the butler send them on....I’m sort of helpless without them’” (Fitzgerald 160).

• Klipspringer cares more about his shoes than he did for Gatsby. Does not consider going to the funeral at all --> shows his shallow and materialistic behaviour --> shows that society is shallow and materialistic More Party People • No one cares for Gatsby, they just care about material items and parties

• People who go to Gatsby's funeral do not even bother associating with Gatsby: “’Gatsby sent...an invitation....'I’m Gatsby'....'I thought you knew, old sport. I’m afraid I’m not a very good host’” (Fitzgerald 49).

• Nick does not recognize Gatsby --> comes to the conclusion that no one really knows Gatsby: "but no one swooned backward on Gatsby, and no French bob touched Gatsby's shoulder, and no singing quartets were formed with Gatsby's head for one link" (Fitzgerald 51). Rumors • Many rumours go around about Gatsby which create an image in people's mind that Gatsby is all fun and games instead of the truth. Gatsby suffering and struggling

• This foreshadows that few people attend the funeral. No one feels bad for him because they think he had no problems Nick Knows • Nick was one of the few that truly cared for Gatsby --> organized Gatsby's funeral

• Nick shows his reliability in the beginning of the novel

• Nick’s view of things acted as a literary foil to aid in foreshadowing what happened to Gatsby: “I felt a haunting loneliness sometimes, and felt it in others" (Fitzgerald 57).

• Nick feels alone and fears that others suffer loneliness. This foreshadowed Gatsby’s lonesome, tragic end. • Wilson slowly becomes insane and believes that the eyes of T.J Eckleburg are representation of god.

• Wilson’s insanity is influenced by God

• Wilson mentions God several times indicating his feelings about judgement and avenging his wife.

• His insanity foreshadowed chapter seven : Over the ash heaps the giant eyes of Doctor T.J Eckleburg kept their virgil, but I perceived, after a moment, that the other were regarding us with particular intensity from far away” (Fitzgerald 118).

• Tom “says he [Wilson] knows the car that did it... It was a yellow car” (Fitzgerald 134). With that information Wilson sets out to search for Myrtle’s killer: “[Wilson] asked someone the way to Gatsby’s house. So by that time he knew Gatsby’s name” (Fitzgerald 153). The End Details hinting Myrtle's death •They are driving towards the scene of Myrtle’s death, which occurs in the valley of the ashes, a grey, barren wasteland.

•The name and description of the land was introduced in chapter two and it foreshadows that something lifeless, grey and empty, like death, would occur there.

•Ash symbolism was used again to foreshadow:

•“She's ‘got to get another one tomorrow’ anyway, as but one item on a shopping list that includes ‘[a] massage and a wave and a collar for the dog and one of those cute little ashtrays where you touch a spring, and a wreath with, a black silk bow’ for her mother's grave: ‘I got to write down a list so I won’t forget all the things I got to do.’ The ashes and dust-foreshadows her eventual demise” (Bloom 191). “New York will be a realm of disillusion and death too. As Nick and Gatsby crosses the bridge a ‘dead man’ passes them ‘in a hearse….’ A dramatic foreshadowing of Myrtle and Gatsby’s deaths” (Bloom). Ash Symbolism - Fitzgerald uses foreshadowing many times in The Great Gatsby

- It not only strengthens the plot, but brings the novel to life
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