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The 5w and 1h of the 1917 russian revolution
Transcript of The 5w and 1h of the 1917 russian revolution
Blake serzycki. who? What? Where? When? Why? How? Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924). Vladimir Lenin was a very important person in the 1917 russian Revolution, he was brought back from exile once the Tsar had been overthrown. Russians all around the country were happy to see Lenin back, and he took no time settling in. In the October revolution he led the bolsheviks to victory and took over order from the provisional government. The bolsheviks were a group that were born out of Russia's Social democratic party, they believed in communism which is the abolishment of classes and the end of privately owned property. Lenin brought together and made the Soviet Union, he was voted as the first leader of the party. Lenin was a strong leader and spoke well, in the 1918 civil war he led the red army to victory against the white army. Leon Trotsky
7th November 1879- 21st august 1940
Leon Trotsky was a Bolshevik and was one of the leaders
in the 1917 October revolution; he was second to Vladimir
Lenin. He was a Major figure in the Russian civil war victory
to the Bolsheviks. He served as the Commissar for foreign
affairs for the Soviet Union; this was only for a duration of
around 4 months from November 1917 to March 1918.
From 1919 to 1925 he served as the Peoples commissar
for Naval and Military Affairs of the Soviet Union.
Tsar Nicholas II
18th may 1868- 17th July 1918. The Tsar Nicholas II was the last emperor of Russia, he ruled from 1894 until his abdication on the 15th March 1917. He was forced out of his position by the provisional Government, the Tsar had always used force when things didn’t go his way, but majority of the army also turned against Nicholas and he was force to step down to make way for a new government. In 1914 he led Russia into World War I, this created poverty starvation and terrible living conditions for all Russian peasants etc. Russia also went into the war unprepared and unequipped against the forces of Germany and the triple alliance. Because of Russia’s massive population it had more troops then the triple alliance combined, but the Tsar’s terrible decisions and low amounts of training led to Russia recording massive death tolls. Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin
22 January 1869 – 29 December 1916. The 1917 Russian Revolution was at 2 major times, the February revolution and the October Revolution. February Revolution 1917 The February Revolution was the overthrow of the Tsar Nicholas the II, similar to the smaller 1905 revolution the aim was to end the rain of the Romanov dynasty. The Tsar autocratic government was replaced by a provisional government run by Prince Georgy lvov. The provisional Government led Russia from March 1917-November 1917. They were meant to represent the Peasants or working class, but failed to do so. As the leaders were from middle class they didn’t know how to run the government and give each working class a decent lifestyle. The provisional government made mistakes in keeping Russia in the war and not keeping their promise to give peasants land. October revolution 1917 The 1917 October Revolution was when Lenin’s Bolsheviks took over control from the provisional government. Alexander Kerensky had led the provisional government and Russia into an even worse state after he was put in power, Russia was still in war and the working class wasn’t happy. The Bolsheviks, who were protesting against war, decided something needed to be done, they took over railways, the telephone exchange and the state bank. Effectively the Bolsheviks had taking control with force and now Lenin was the new leader of Russia. A revolution is an overthrow of a government, the Russian revolution was exactly that, its aim was to overthrow the Tsar who had been leading an autocratic government for 23 years. Although the Russian people had been used to this form of government the way Tsar Nicholas II ran the country was poor and reaped huge losses for the ‘Motherland’. The 1905 revolution was an attempt to get rid of the Tsar but he used the Duma and people believed things would change, but they didn’t. This fuelled an even bigger revolution in 1917 which led to his abdication. This revolution can be seen as a positive and a negative thing, countries like USA and England don’t support communism and that is what the Bolsheviks put into Practice. Even checking through later events no matter what government was leading Russia the working class or peasants always suffered poverty and starvation. The Russian revolution was started in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) and spread to many other cities like Moscow. Both the February revolution and the October revolution took place essentially in the city of Petrograd, the revolution was not fought particularly in Petrograd but instead had the mass civilian demonstrations in the February revolution. The October revolution was a takeover or coup from the Bolsheviks in Petrograd. In Moscow there was fighting during the Russian revolution which left hundreds dead. Grigori Rasputin was a Russian mystic, he was known as the mad monk who was depicted from his different look to normal monks. He came close to the Tsar Nicholas’ wife Alexandra Fedorovna as he was called on to heal the Tsar’s son, the doctors didn’t do anything so they turned to Rasputin. He used hypnosis to try and calm the boy, it seemed to have worked so the family believed that he was healing their son. Whenever he became to any illness they would call on Rasputin to perform his healing techniques.
http://struggle.ws/talks/russia.html Bibliography It was only a matter of time before the Tsar was overthrown, for his 23 years as King working conditions had been depleted dramatically. The 1905 revolution was a prelude to the 1917 revolution, but the pushing point for the revolution was World War I. Millions of Russians had died due to the lack of training and equipment. The Russian people were faced with 2 decisions, take over the Tsar who seemed to be doing all the wrong things, or keep living the lives they were living which were full of despair. Russian workers rallied in the streets protesting for a new government, the Tsar ordered his soldiers to take out these ‘problems’ but the soldiers also turned against him, and he was forced to have a abdication. The Tsar Nicholas II lead Russia with complete power, the military used force to control the people and kept the Russians in line, but in 1917 the people rebelled once again like in 1905. The Tsar tried to use his power and his military to stop the people of Russia but this time the military and soldiers turned against the Tsar and in turn left him powerless. This resulted in the Tsar having to abdicate and the provisional government took power and claimed Russia would change for the better, but it didn’t. The provisional government didnt improve Russia in the slightest, and this is when communism became a popular idea. THe bolsheviks took over because they promised many things for the people of the motherland, promises not kept. Lenin was a great leader and actually tried to improve life for the people. After his death Stalin took over, most probably the biggest mass murderer ever to live. Obviously this decreased the lives of Russians, but it made Russia into a World powerhouse in the indutrial buisness.